Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 18.3.41

ततो ययौ वृतो देवैः कुरुराजो युधिष्ठिरः ।
धर्मेण सहितो धीमान्स्तूयमानो महर्षिभिः ॥ ४१ ॥

tato yayau vṛto devaiḥ kururājo yudhiṣṭhiraḥ |
dharmeṇa sahito dhīmānstūyamāno maharṣibhiḥ || 41 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...Righteousness is Wealth as also Pleasure. Why should not Righteousness, therefore, be courted? For the sake neither of pleasure, nor of fear, nor of cupidity should any one cast off Righteousness. Indeed, for the sake of even life one should not cast off Righteousness...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (18.3.41). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tatah, Tad, Tata, Yayi, Yayu, Vrit, Vrita, Deva, Kururaj, Kururaja, Yudhishthira, Dharmena, Dharma, Sahitri, Sahita, Dhimat, Stuyamana, Maharshi,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 18.3.41). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tato yayau vṛto devaiḥ kururājo yudhiṣṭhiraḥ
  • tato* -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • yayau -
  • yayi (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    yayi (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    yayu (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    yayu (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • vṛto* -
  • vṛt (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    vṛt (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    vṛta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    vṛ -> vṛta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √vṛ class 1 verb], [nominative single from √vṛ class 5 verb], [nominative single from √vṛ class 9 verb]
    vṛ -> vṛta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √vṛ class 5 verb], [nominative single from √vṛ class 9 verb]
  • devaiḥ -
  • deva (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    deva (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • kururājo* -
  • kururāj (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    kururāja (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • yudhiṣṭhiraḥ -
  • yudhiṣṭhira (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “dharmeṇa sahito dhīmānstūyamāno maharṣibhiḥ
  • dharmeṇa -
  • dharmeṇa (indeclinable)
    dharma (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • sahito* -
  • sahitṛ (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    sahita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    sah -> sahita (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √sah class 1 verb], [nominative single from √sah class 10 verb]
  • dhīmān -
  • dhīmat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • stūyamāno* -
  • stu -> stūyamāna (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √stu class 2 verb]
  • maharṣibhiḥ -
  • maharṣi (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 18.3.41

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 18.3.41 in Kannada sript:
ತತೋ ಯಯೌ ವೃತೋ ದೇವೈಃ ಕುರುರಾಜೋ ಯುಧಿಷ್ಠಿರಃ ।
ಧರ್ಮೇಣ ಸಹಿತೋ ಧೀಮಾನ್ಸ್ತೂಯಮಾನೋ ಮಹರ್ಷಿಭಿಃ ॥ ೪೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 18.3.41 in Bengali sript:
ততো যযৌ বৃতো দেবৈঃ কুরুরাজো যুধিষ্ঠিরঃ ।
ধর্মেণ সহিতো ধীমান্স্তূযমানো মহর্ষিভিঃ ॥ ৪১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 18.3.41 in Gujarati sript:
તતો યયૌ વૃતો દેવૈઃ કુરુરાજો યુધિષ્ઠિરઃ ।
ધર્મેણ સહિતો ધીમાન્સ્તૂયમાનો મહર્ષિભિઃ ॥ ૪૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 18.3.41 in Malayalam sript:
തതോ യയൌ വൃതോ ദേവൈഃ കുരുരാജോ യുധിഷ്ഠിരഃ ।
ധര്മേണ സഹിതോ ധീമാന്സ്തൂയമാനോ മഹര്ഷിഭിഃ ॥ ൪൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 18.3.41 in Telugu sript:
తతో యయౌ వృతో దేవైః కురురాజో యుధిష్ఠిరః ।
ధర్మేణ సహితో ధీమాన్స్తూయమానో మహర్షిభిః ॥ ౪౧ ॥

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