Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 18.2.22

स तत्कुणपदुर्गन्धमशिवं रोमहर्षणम् ।
जगाम राजा धर्मात्मा मध्ये बहु विचिन्तयन् ॥ २२ ॥

sa tatkuṇapadurgandhamaśivaṃ romaharṣaṇam |
jagāma rājā dharmātmā madhye bahu vicintayan || 22 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...Pritha, had not stayed there for more than a moment when, O you of Kuru’s race, all the gods with Indra at their head came to that spot. The deity of Righteousness in his embodied form also came to that place where the Kuru king was, for seeing that monarch....

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (18.2.22). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tat, Tad, Kunapa, Durgandha, Ashiva, Romaharshana, Raja, Dharmatman, Madhye, Madhya, Bahu, Cinta, Yat,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 18.2.22). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “sa tatkuṇapadurgandhamaśivaṃ romaharṣaṇam
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tat -
  • tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • kuṇapa -
  • kuṇapa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kuṇapa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • durgandham -
  • durgandha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    durgandha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    durgandhā (noun, feminine)
  • aśivam -
  • aśiva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    aśiva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    aśivā (noun, feminine)
  • romaharṣaṇam -
  • romaharṣaṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    romaharṣaṇa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    romaharṣaṇā (noun, feminine)
  • Line 2: “jagāma rājā dharmātmā madhye bahu vicintayan
  • jagāma -
  • (verb class 3)
    [imperative active first plural]
    gam (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    gam (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    gam (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • rājā* -
  • rāja (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    rājā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • dharmātmā -
  • dharmātman (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • madhye -
  • madhye (indeclinable)
    madhya (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    madhya (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    madhyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • bahu -
  • bahu (indeclinable)
    bahu (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    bahu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    bahu (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • vi -
  • vi (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    vi (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    vi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    vi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ve (noun, masculine)
    (noun, feminine)
    (noun, masculine)
    (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    vi (Preverb)
  • cinta -
  • cinta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    cinta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    cint (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • yan -
  • yat (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    i -> yat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 18.2.22

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 18.2.22 in Kannada sript:
ಸ ತತ್ಕುಣಪದುರ್ಗನ್ಧಮಶಿವಂ ರೋಮಹರ್ಷಣಮ್ ।
ಜಗಾಮ ರಾಜಾ ಧರ್ಮಾತ್ಮಾ ಮಧ್ಯೇ ಬಹು ವಿಚಿನ್ತಯನ್ ॥ ೨೨ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 18.2.22 in Bengali sript:
স তত্কুণপদুর্গন্ধমশিবং রোমহর্ষণম্ ।
জগাম রাজা ধর্মাত্মা মধ্যে বহু বিচিন্তযন্ ॥ ২২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 18.2.22 in Gujarati sript:
સ તત્કુણપદુર્ગન્ધમશિવં રોમહર્ષણમ્ ।
જગામ રાજા ધર્માત્મા મધ્યે બહુ વિચિન્તયન્ ॥ ૨૨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 18.2.22 in Malayalam sript:
സ തത്കുണപദുര്ഗന്ധമശിവം രോമഹര്ഷണമ് ।
ജഗാമ രാജാ ധര്മാത്മാ മധ്യേ ബഹു വിചിന്തയന് ॥ ൨൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 18.2.22 in Telugu sript:
స తత్కుణపదుర్గన్ధమశివం రోమహర్షణమ్ ।
జగామ రాజా ధర్మాత్మా మధ్యే బహు విచిన్తయన్ ॥ ౨౨ ॥

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