Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 15.14.8

इयं च कृपणा वृद्धा हतपुत्रा तपस्विनी ।
गान्धारी पुत्रशोकार्ता तुल्यं याचति वो मया ॥ ८ ॥

iyaṃ ca kṛpaṇā vṛddhā hataputrā tapasvinī |
gāndhārī putraśokārtā tulyaṃ yācati vo mayā || 8 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...you. He also ruled you duly. You sinless ones, I have also served you. Whether those services have come up to the mark or fallen short of it, it behoves you to forgive...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (15.14.8). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Iyam, Idam, Kripana, Vriddha, Hataputra, Tapasvin, Tapasvini, Tapasvi, Gandhari, Putrashoka, Tulyam, Tulya, Yacat, Yushmad, Maya, Asmad,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 15.14.8). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “iyaṃ ca kṛpaṇā vṛddhā hataputrā tapasvinī
  • iyam -
  • iyam (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    ī (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    ī (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    idam (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kṛpaṇā* -
  • kṛpaṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    kṛpaṇā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • vṛddhā* -
  • vṛddha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    vṛddhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    vṛdh -> vṛddha (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √vṛdh class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √vṛdh class 1 verb]
    vṛdh -> vṛddhā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √vṛdh class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √vṛdh class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √vṛdh class 1 verb]
  • hataputrā -
  • hataputrā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • tapasvinī -
  • tapasvinī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    tapasvin (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tapasvī (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • Line 2: “gāndhārī putraśokārtā tulyaṃ yācati vo mayā
  • gāndhārī -
  • gāndhārī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    gāndhāri (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • putraśokā -
  • putraśoka (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    putraśoka (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • artā -
  • (verb class 1)
    [periphrastic-future active third single]
    (verb class 3)
    [periphrastic-future active third single]
    (verb class 5)
    [periphrastic-future active third single]
  • tulyam -
  • tulyam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tulya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    tulya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    tulyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    tul -> tulya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √tul class 10 verb]
    tul -> tulya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √tul class 10 verb], [accusative single from √tul class 10 verb]
  • yācati -
  • yāc -> yācat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √yāc class 1 verb]
    yāc -> yācat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √yāc class 1 verb]
    yāc (verb class 1)
    [present active third single]
  • vo* -
  • va (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [accusative plural], [dative plural], [genitive plural]
  • mayā -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    mayā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [instrumental single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 15.14.8

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 15.14.8 in Kannada sript:
ಇಯಂ ಚ ಕೃಪಣಾ ವೃದ್ಧಾ ಹತಪುತ್ರಾ ತಪಸ್ವಿನೀ ।
ಗಾನ್ಧಾರೀ ಪುತ್ರಶೋಕಾರ್ತಾ ತುಲ್ಯಂ ಯಾಚತಿ ವೋ ಮಯಾ ॥ ೮ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 15.14.8 in Bengali sript:
ইযং চ কৃপণা বৃদ্ধা হতপুত্রা তপস্বিনী ।
গান্ধারী পুত্রশোকার্তা তুল্যং যাচতি বো মযা ॥ ৮ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 15.14.8 in Gujarati sript:
ઇયં ચ કૃપણા વૃદ્ધા હતપુત્રા તપસ્વિની ।
ગાન્ધારી પુત્રશોકાર્તા તુલ્યં યાચતિ વો મયા ॥ ૮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 15.14.8 in Malayalam sript:
ഇയം ച കൃപണാ വൃദ്ധാ ഹതപുത്രാ തപസ്വിനീ ।
ഗാന്ധാരീ പുത്രശോകാര്താ തുല്യം യാചതി വോ മയാ ॥ ൮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 15.14.8 in Telugu sript:
ఇయం చ కృపణా వృద్ధా హతపుత్రా తపస్వినీ ।
గాన్ధారీ పుత్రశోకార్తా తుల్యం యాచతి వో మయా ॥ ౮ ॥

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