Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 14.21.17

गौरिव प्रस्रवत्येषा रसमुत्तमशालिनी ।
सततं स्यन्दते ह्येषा शाश्वतं ब्रह्मवादिनी ॥ १७ ॥

gauriva prasravatyeṣā rasamuttamaśālinī |
satataṃ syandate hyeṣā śāśvataṃ brahmavādinī || 17 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...priests. The libations, O beautiful one, are ten. The objects of the senses are the fuel that are cast into these ten fires,{GL_NOTE:176783:} as also the mind, which is the ladle...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (14.21.17). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Gauriva, Prasravat, Esha, Rasa, Uttama, Shalin, Shalini, Satatam, Satata, Syandat, Shashvata, Brahmavadin, Brahmavadini, Brahmavadi,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 14.21.17). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “gauriva prasravatyeṣā rasamuttamaśālinī
  • gauriva -
  • gauriva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • prasravatye -
  • prasravat (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    prasravat (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    prasravat (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • eṣā -
  • eṣā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • rasam -
  • rasa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    rasā (noun, feminine)
  • uttama -
  • uttama (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    uttama (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • śālinī -
  • śālinī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    śālin (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • Line 2: “satataṃ syandate hyeṣā śāśvataṃ brahmavādinī
  • satatam -
  • satatam (indeclinable)
    satata (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    satata (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    satatā (noun, feminine)
  • syandate -
  • syand -> syandat (participle, masculine)
    [dative single from √syand class 1 verb]
    syand -> syandat (participle, neuter)
    [dative single from √syand class 1 verb]
    syand (verb class 1)
    [present middle third single]
  • hye -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • eṣā -
  • eṣā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • śāśvatam -
  • śāśvata (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    śāśvata (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • brahmavādinī -
  • brahmavādinī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    brahmavādin (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    brahmavādī (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 14.21.17

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 14.21.17 in Kannada sript:
ಗೌರಿವ ಪ್ರಸ್ರವತ್ಯೇಷಾ ರಸಮುತ್ತಮಶಾಲಿನೀ ।
ಸತತಂ ಸ್ಯನ್ದತೇ ಹ್ಯೇಷಾ ಶಾಶ್ವತಂ ಬ್ರಹ್ಮವಾದಿನೀ ॥ ೧೭ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 14.21.17 in Bengali sript:
গৌরিব প্রস্রবত্যেষা রসমুত্তমশালিনী ।
সততং স্যন্দতে হ্যেষা শাশ্বতং ব্রহ্মবাদিনী ॥ ১৭ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 14.21.17 in Gujarati sript:
ગૌરિવ પ્રસ્રવત્યેષા રસમુત્તમશાલિની ।
સતતં સ્યન્દતે હ્યેષા શાશ્વતં બ્રહ્મવાદિની ॥ ૧૭ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 14.21.17 in Malayalam sript:
ഗൌരിവ പ്രസ്രവത്യേഷാ രസമുത്തമശാലിനീ ।
സതതം സ്യന്ദതേ ഹ്യേഷാ ശാശ്വതം ബ്രഹ്മവാദിനീ ॥ ൧൭ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 14.21.17 in Telugu sript:
గౌరివ ప్రస్రవత్యేషా రసముత్తమశాలినీ ।
సతతం స్యన్దతే హ్యేషా శాశ్వతం బ్రహ్మవాదినీ ॥ ౧౭ ॥

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