Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 14.20.22

घ्रेये पेये च दृश्ये च स्पृश्ये श्रव्ये तथैव च ।
हवींष्यग्निषु होतारः सप्तधा सप्त सप्तसु ।
सम्यक्प्रक्षिप्य विद्वांसो जनयन्ति स्वयोनिषु ॥ २२ ॥

ghreye peye ca dṛśye ca spṛśye śravye tathaiva ca |
havīṃṣyagniṣu hotāraḥ saptadhā sapta saptasu |
samyakprakṣipya vidvāṃso janayanti svayoniṣu || 22 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...Grandsire Brahman and others, concentrated in Yoga, worship the Indestructible. It is for that seat that men of learning and excellent vows, of tranquil souls, and of senses...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (14.20.22). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Ghreya, Peya, Drishya, Sprishya, Shravya, Tatha, Havis, Agni, Hotri, Saptadha, Sapta, Saptan, Saptasu, Samyak, Prakshipya, Vidvas, Janayat, Janayanti, Svayoni,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 14.20.22). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “ghreye peye ca dṛśye ca spṛśye śravye tathaiva ca
  • ghreye -
  • ghreya (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    ghrā -> ghreya (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √ghrā class 1 verb], [locative single from √ghrā class 2 verb], [locative single from √ghrā class 3 verb]
    ghrā -> ghreya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √ghrā class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √ghrā class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √ghrā class 1 verb], [locative single from √ghrā class 1 verb], [nominative dual from √ghrā class 2 verb], [vocative dual from √ghrā class 2 verb], [accusative dual from √ghrā class 2 verb], [locative single from √ghrā class 2 verb], [nominative dual from √ghrā class 3 verb], [vocative dual from √ghrā class 3 verb], [accusative dual from √ghrā class 3 verb], [locative single from √ghrā class 3 verb]
    ghrā -> ghreyā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √ghrā class 1 verb], [vocative single from √ghrā class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √ghrā class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √ghrā class 1 verb], [nominative dual from √ghrā class 2 verb], [vocative single from √ghrā class 2 verb], [vocative dual from √ghrā class 2 verb], [accusative dual from √ghrā class 2 verb], [nominative dual from √ghrā class 3 verb], [vocative single from √ghrā class 3 verb], [vocative dual from √ghrā class 3 verb], [accusative dual from √ghrā class 3 verb]
    ghṛ (verb class 10)
    [present passive first single]
  • peye -
  • peya (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    peya (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    peyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    -> peya (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √ class 1 verb], [locative single from √ class 2 verb]
    -> peya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √ class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √ class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √ class 1 verb], [locative single from √ class 1 verb], [nominative dual from √ class 2 verb], [vocative dual from √ class 2 verb], [accusative dual from √ class 2 verb], [locative single from √ class 2 verb]
    -> peyā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √ class 1 verb], [vocative single from √ class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √ class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √ class 1 verb], [nominative dual from √ class 2 verb], [vocative single from √ class 2 verb], [vocative dual from √ class 2 verb], [accusative dual from √ class 2 verb]
    -> peya (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √ class 2 verb]
    -> peya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √ class 2 verb], [vocative dual from √ class 2 verb], [accusative dual from √ class 2 verb], [locative single from √ class 2 verb]
    -> peyā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √ class 2 verb], [vocative single from √ class 2 verb], [vocative dual from √ class 2 verb], [accusative dual from √ class 2 verb]
    -> peya (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √ class 3 verb]
    -> peya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √ class 3 verb], [vocative dual from √ class 3 verb], [accusative dual from √ class 3 verb], [locative single from √ class 3 verb]
    -> peyā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √ class 3 verb], [vocative single from √ class 3 verb], [vocative dual from √ class 3 verb], [accusative dual from √ class 3 verb]
    pai -> peya (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √pai class 1 verb]
    pai -> peya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √pai class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √pai class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √pai class 1 verb], [locative single from √pai class 1 verb]
    pai -> peyā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √pai class 1 verb], [vocative single from √pai class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √pai class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √pai class 1 verb]
    pi -> peya (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √pi class 6 verb]
    pi -> peya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √pi class 6 verb], [vocative dual from √pi class 6 verb], [accusative dual from √pi class 6 verb], [locative single from √pi class 6 verb]
    pi -> peyā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √pi class 6 verb], [vocative single from √pi class 6 verb], [vocative dual from √pi class 6 verb], [accusative dual from √pi class 6 verb]
    pi -> peya (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √pi class 1 verb], [locative single from √pi class 2 verb], [locative single from √pi class 3 verb]
    pi -> peya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √pi class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √pi class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √pi class 1 verb], [locative single from √pi class 1 verb], [nominative dual from √pi class 2 verb], [vocative dual from √pi class 2 verb], [accusative dual from √pi class 2 verb], [locative single from √pi class 2 verb], [nominative dual from √pi class 3 verb], [vocative dual from √pi class 3 verb], [accusative dual from √pi class 3 verb], [locative single from √pi class 3 verb]
    pi -> peyā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √pi class 1 verb], [vocative single from √pi class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √pi class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √pi class 1 verb], [nominative dual from √pi class 2 verb], [vocative single from √pi class 2 verb], [vocative dual from √pi class 2 verb], [accusative dual from √pi class 2 verb], [nominative dual from √pi class 3 verb], [vocative single from √pi class 3 verb], [vocative dual from √pi class 3 verb], [accusative dual from √pi class 3 verb]
    -> peya (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √ class 1 verb], [locative single from √ class 2 verb], [locative single from √ class 3 verb], [locative single from √ class 4 verb]
    -> peya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √ class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √ class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √ class 1 verb], [locative single from √ class 1 verb], [nominative dual from √ class 2 verb], [vocative dual from √ class 2 verb], [accusative dual from √ class 2 verb], [locative single from √ class 2 verb], [nominative dual from √ class 3 verb], [vocative dual from √ class 3 verb], [accusative dual from √ class 3 verb], [locative single from √ class 3 verb], [nominative dual from √ class 4 verb], [vocative dual from √ class 4 verb], [accusative dual from √ class 4 verb], [locative single from √ class 4 verb]
    -> peyā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √ class 1 verb], [vocative single from √ class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √ class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √ class 1 verb], [nominative dual from √ class 2 verb], [vocative single from √ class 2 verb], [vocative dual from √ class 2 verb], [accusative dual from √ class 2 verb], [nominative dual from √ class 3 verb], [vocative single from √ class 3 verb], [vocative dual from √ class 3 verb], [accusative dual from √ class 3 verb], [nominative dual from √ class 4 verb], [vocative single from √ class 4 verb], [vocative dual from √ class 4 verb], [accusative dual from √ class 4 verb]
    pay (verb class 1)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • dṛśye -
  • dṛśya (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    dṛśya (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    dṛśyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    dṛś -> dṛśya (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √dṛś class 1 verb]
    dṛś -> dṛśya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √dṛś class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √dṛś class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √dṛś class 1 verb], [locative single from √dṛś class 1 verb]
    dṛś -> dṛśyā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √dṛś class 1 verb], [vocative single from √dṛś class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √dṛś class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √dṛś class 1 verb]
    dṛś (verb class 1)
    [present passive first single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • spṛśye -
  • spṛśya (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    spṛśya (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    spṛśyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    spṛś -> spṛśya (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √spṛś class 6 verb]
    spṛś -> spṛśya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √spṛś class 6 verb], [vocative dual from √spṛś class 6 verb], [accusative dual from √spṛś class 6 verb], [locative single from √spṛś class 6 verb]
    spṛś -> spṛśyā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √spṛś class 6 verb], [vocative single from √spṛś class 6 verb], [vocative dual from √spṛś class 6 verb], [accusative dual from √spṛś class 6 verb]
    spṛś (verb class 6)
    [present passive first single]
  • śravye -
  • śravya (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    śravya (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    śravyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    śru -> śravya (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √śru class 5 verb]
    śru -> śravya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √śru class 5 verb], [vocative dual from √śru class 5 verb], [accusative dual from √śru class 5 verb], [locative single from √śru class 5 verb]
    śru -> śravyā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √śru class 5 verb], [vocative single from √śru class 5 verb], [vocative dual from √śru class 5 verb], [accusative dual from √śru class 5 verb]
  • tathai -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tatha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tatha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “havīṃṣyagniṣu hotāraḥ saptadhā sapta saptasu
  • havīṃṣya -
  • havis (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • agniṣu -
  • agni (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
  • hotāraḥ -
  • hotṛ (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    hu (verb class 3)
    [periphrastic-future active third plural]
  • saptadhā -
  • saptadhā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • sapta -
  • sapta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sapta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    saptan (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    saptan (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sap -> sapta (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √sap class 1 verb]
    sap -> sapta (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √sap class 1 verb]
  • saptasu -
  • saptasū (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    saptan (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    saptan (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • Line 3: “samyakprakṣipya vidvāṃso janayanti svayoniṣu
  • samyak -
  • samyak (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • prakṣipya -
  • prakṣipya (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • vidvāṃso* -
  • vidvas (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    vid -> vidvas (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √vid class 2 verb], [vocative plural from √vid class 2 verb]
  • janayanti -
  • jan -> janayantī (participle, feminine)
    [adverb from √jan]
    jan -> janayat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √jan class 10 verb], [vocative plural from √jan class 10 verb], [accusative plural from √jan class 10 verb], [nominative plural from √jan], [vocative plural from √jan], [accusative plural from √jan]
    jan -> janayantī (participle, feminine)
    [vocative single from √jan class 10 verb], [vocative single from √jan]
    jan (verb class 10)
    [present active third plural]
    jan (verb class 0)
    [present active third plural]
  • svayoniṣu -
  • svayoni (noun, feminine)
    [locative plural]
    svayoni (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    svayoni (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 14.20.22

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 14.20.22 in Kannada sript:
ಘ್ರೇಯೇ ಪೇಯೇ ಚ ದೃಶ್ಯೇ ಚ ಸ್ಪೃಶ್ಯೇ ಶ್ರವ್ಯೇ ತಥೈವ ಚ ।
ಹವೀಂಷ್ಯಗ್ನಿಷು ಹೋತಾರಃ ಸಪ್ತಧಾ ಸಪ್ತ ಸಪ್ತಸು ।
ಸಮ್ಯಕ್ಪ್ರಕ್ಷಿಪ್ಯ ವಿದ್ವಾಂಸೋ ಜನಯನ್ತಿ ಸ್ವಯೋನಿಷು ॥ ೨೨ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 14.20.22 in Bengali sript:
ঘ্রেযে পেযে চ দৃশ্যে চ স্পৃশ্যে শ্রব্যে তথৈব চ ।
হবীংষ্যগ্নিষু হোতারঃ সপ্তধা সপ্ত সপ্তসু ।
সম্যক্প্রক্ষিপ্য বিদ্বাংসো জনযন্তি স্বযোনিষু ॥ ২২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 14.20.22 in Gujarati sript:
ઘ્રેયે પેયે ચ દૃશ્યે ચ સ્પૃશ્યે શ્રવ્યે તથૈવ ચ ।
હવીંષ્યગ્નિષુ હોતારઃ સપ્તધા સપ્ત સપ્તસુ ।
સમ્યક્પ્રક્ષિપ્ય વિદ્વાંસો જનયન્તિ સ્વયોનિષુ ॥ ૨૨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 14.20.22 in Malayalam sript:
ഘ്രേയേ പേയേ ച ദൃശ്യേ ച സ്പൃശ്യേ ശ്രവ്യേ തഥൈവ ച ।
ഹവീംഷ്യഗ്നിഷു ഹോതാരഃ സപ്തധാ സപ്ത സപ്തസു ।
സമ്യക്പ്രക്ഷിപ്യ വിദ്വാംസോ ജനയന്തി സ്വയോനിഷു ॥ ൨൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 14.20.22 in Telugu sript:
ఘ్రేయే పేయే చ దృశ్యే చ స్పృశ్యే శ్రవ్యే తథైవ చ ।
హవీంష్యగ్నిషు హోతారః సప్తధా సప్త సప్తసు ।
సమ్యక్ప్రక్షిప్య విద్వాంసో జనయన్తి స్వయోనిషు ॥ ౨౨ ॥

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