Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 14.19.58

हेतुमच्चैतदुद्दिष्टमुपायाश्चास्य साधने ।
सिद्धेः फलं च मोक्षश्च दुःखस्य च विनिर्णयः ।
अतः परं सुखं त्वन्यत्किं नु स्याद्भरतर्षभ ॥ ५८ ॥

hetumaccaitaduddiṣṭamupāyāścāsya sādhane |
siddheḥ phalaṃ ca mokṣaśca duḥkhasya ca vinirṇayaḥ |
ataḥ paraṃ sukhaṃ tvanyatkiṃ nu syādbharatarṣabha || 58 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...that occasion, properly relating to the religion of Emancipation, disappeared then and there. Has this discourse been heard by you, O son of Pritha, with mind directed solely...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (14.19.58). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Hetumat, Etad, Uddishta, Upaya, Idam, Sadhana, Siddhi, Phala, Moksha, Duhkha, Vinirnaya, Atah, Param, Para, Sukham, Sukha, Syat, Sya, Bharatarshabha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 14.19.58). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “hetumaccaitaduddiṣṭamupāyāścāsya sādhane
  • hetumac -
  • hetumat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    hetumat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • cai -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • etad -
  • etad (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    etad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    etad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • uddiṣṭam -
  • uddiṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    uddiṣṭa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    uddiṣṭā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • upāyāś -
  • upāya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    upāyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • asya -
  • as -> asya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √as]
    a (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    idam (pronoun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    idam (pronoun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    as (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • sādhane -
  • sādhana (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    sādhana (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    sādhanā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • Line 2: “siddheḥ phalaṃ ca mokṣaśca duḥkhasya ca vinirṇayaḥ
  • siddheḥ -
  • siddhi (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • phalam -
  • phala (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    phala (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    phalā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • mokṣaś -
  • mokṣa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • duḥkhasya -
  • duḥkha (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    duḥkha (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vinirṇayaḥ -
  • vinirṇaya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 3: “ataḥ paraṃ sukhaṃ tvanyatkiṃ nu syādbharatarṣabha
  • ataḥ -
  • ataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • param -
  • param (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    para (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    para (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • sukham -
  • sukham (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sukha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sukha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sukhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Cannot analyse tvanyatkim*nu
  • nu -
  • nu (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    nu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    nau (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • syād -
  • syāt (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    syāt (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    as (verb class 2)
    [optative active third single]
  • bharatarṣabha -
  • bharatarṣabha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 14.19.58

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 14.19.58 in Kannada sript:
ಹೇತುಮಚ್ಚೈತದುದ್ದಿಷ್ಟಮುಪಾಯಾಶ್ಚಾಸ್ಯ ಸಾಧನೇ ।
ಸಿದ್ಧೇಃ ಫಲಂ ಚ ಮೋಕ್ಷಶ್ಚ ದುಃಖಸ್ಯ ಚ ವಿನಿರ್ಣಯಃ ।
ಅತಃ ಪರಂ ಸುಖಂ ತ್ವನ್ಯತ್ಕಿಂ ನು ಸ್ಯಾದ್ಭರತರ್ಷಭ ॥ ೫೮ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 14.19.58 in Bengali sript:
হেতুমচ্চৈতদুদ্দিষ্টমুপাযাশ্চাস্য সাধনে ।
সিদ্ধেঃ ফলং চ মোক্ষশ্চ দুঃখস্য চ বিনির্ণযঃ ।
অতঃ পরং সুখং ত্বন্যত্কিং নু স্যাদ্ভরতর্ষভ ॥ ৫৮ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 14.19.58 in Gujarati sript:
હેતુમચ્ચૈતદુદ્દિષ્ટમુપાયાશ્ચાસ્ય સાધને ।
સિદ્ધેઃ ફલં ચ મોક્ષશ્ચ દુઃખસ્ય ચ વિનિર્ણયઃ ।
અતઃ પરં સુખં ત્વન્યત્કિં નુ સ્યાદ્ભરતર્ષભ ॥ ૫૮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 14.19.58 in Malayalam sript:
ഹേതുമച്ചൈതദുദ്ദിഷ്ടമുപായാശ്ചാസ്യ സാധനേ ।
സിദ്ധേഃ ഫലം ച മോക്ഷശ്ച ദുഃഖസ്യ ച വിനിര്ണയഃ ।
അതഃ പരം സുഖം ത്വന്യത്കിം നു സ്യാദ്ഭരതര്ഷഭ ॥ ൫൮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 14.19.58 in Telugu sript:
హేతుమచ్చైతదుద్దిష్టముపాయాశ్చాస్య సాధనే ।
సిద్ధేః ఫలం చ మోక్షశ్చ దుఃఖస్య చ వినిర్ణయః ।
అతః పరం సుఖం త్వన్యత్కిం ను స్యాద్భరతర్షభ ॥ ౫౮ ॥

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