Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 13.147.11

अधर्मा धर्मरूपेण तृणैः कूपा इवावृताः ।
ततस्तैर्भिद्यते वृत्तं शृणु चैव युधिष्ठिर ॥ ११ ॥

adharmā dharmarūpeṇa tṛṇaiḥ kūpā ivāvṛtāḥ |
tatastairbhidyate vṛttaṃ śṛṇu caiva yudhiṣṭhira || 11 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...of honours!' Thus addressed by them, he replied, saying, ’so be it!' and then made Vishnu his excellent shaft-head. He made the deity of fire his shaft-reed, and Surya’s son Yama the wings of that shaft. He made the Vedas his bow and the goddess...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (13.147.11). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Adharma, Dharmarupa, Trina, Kupa, Iva, Avrita, Tatah, Tad, Tata, Vritta, Yudhishthira,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 13.147.11). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “adharmā dharmarūpeṇa tṛṇaiḥ kūpā ivāvṛtāḥ
  • adharmā* -
  • adharma (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    adharmā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • dharmarūpeṇa -
  • dharmarūpa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    dharmarūpa (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • tṛṇaiḥ -
  • tṛṇa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    tṛṇa (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • kūpā* -
  • kūpa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    kūpā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • ivā -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
  • avṛtāḥ -
  • avṛta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    avṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • Line 2: “tatastairbhidyate vṛttaṃ śṛṇu caiva yudhiṣṭhira
  • tatas -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • tair -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • bhidyate -
  • bhid (verb class 1)
    [present passive third single]
    bhid (verb class 7)
    [present passive third single]
  • vṛttam -
  • vṛtta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vṛtta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vṛttā (noun, feminine)
    vṛt -> vṛtta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √vṛt class 1 verb]
    vṛt -> vṛtta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √vṛt class 1 verb], [accusative single from √vṛt class 1 verb]
  • śṛṇu -
  • śru (verb class 5)
    [imperative active second single]
  • cai -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • yudhiṣṭhira -
  • yudhiṣṭhira (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 13.147.11

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

Buy now!

Preview of verse 13.147.11 in Kannada sript:
ಅಧರ್ಮಾ ಧರ್ಮರೂಪೇಣ ತೃಣೈಃ ಕೂಪಾ ಇವಾವೃತಾಃ ।
ತತಸ್ತೈರ್ಭಿದ್ಯತೇ ವೃತ್ತಂ ಶೃಣು ಚೈವ ಯುಧಿಷ್ಠಿರ ॥ ೧೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 13.147.11 in Bengali sript:
অধর্মা ধর্মরূপেণ তৃণৈঃ কূপা ইবাবৃতাঃ ।
ততস্তৈর্ভিদ্যতে বৃত্তং শৃণু চৈব যুধিষ্ঠির ॥ ১১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 13.147.11 in Gujarati sript:
અધર્મા ધર્મરૂપેણ તૃણૈઃ કૂપા ઇવાવૃતાઃ ।
તતસ્તૈર્ભિદ્યતે વૃત્તં શૃણુ ચૈવ યુધિષ્ઠિર ॥ ૧૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 13.147.11 in Malayalam sript:
അധര്മാ ധര്മരൂപേണ തൃണൈഃ കൂപാ ഇവാവൃതാഃ ।
തതസ്തൈര്ഭിദ്യതേ വൃത്തം ശൃണു ചൈവ യുധിഷ്ഠിര ॥ ൧൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 13.147.11 in Telugu sript:
అధర్మా ధర్మరూపేణ తృణైః కూపా ఇవావృతాః ।
తతస్తైర్భిద్యతే వృత్తం శృణు చైవ యుధిష్ఠిర ॥ ౧౧ ॥

Help me keep this site Ad-Free

For over a decade, this site has never bothered you with ads. I want to keep it that way. But I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased truth, wisdom and knowledge.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: