Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 13.144.30

तस्मिन्व्रजति दुर्धर्षे प्रास्खलद्रुक्मिणी पथि ।
तां नामर्षयत श्रीमांस्ततस्तूर्णमचोदयत् ॥ ३० ॥

tasminvrajati durdharṣe prāskhaladrukmiṇī pathi |
tāṃ nāmarṣayata śrīmāṃstatastūrṇamacodayat || 30 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...is also the protector of this universe fraught with the seed of destruction. When the cause of Righteousness languishes, this Krishna takes birth in the race of either the gods or among men. Staying on Righteousness, this Krishna of cleansed...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (13.144.30). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tad, Vrajat, Durdharsha, Pra, Rukmini, Rukmin, Rukmi, Pathin, Pathi, Naman, Yata, Shrimat, Tatah, Tata, Turnam, Turna,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 13.144.30). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tasminvrajati durdharṣe prāskhaladrukmiṇī pathi
  • tasmin -
  • tad (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • vrajati -
  • vraj -> vrajat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √vraj class 1 verb]
    vraj -> vrajat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √vraj class 1 verb]
    vraj (verb class 1)
    [present active third single]
  • durdharṣe -
  • durdharṣa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    durdharṣa (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    durdharṣā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • prā -
  • pra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    prā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    pra (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
    prā (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • askhalad -
  • skhal (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active third single]
  • rukmiṇī -
  • rukmiṇī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    rukmin (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    rukmī (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • pathi -
  • pathin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [locative single]
    pathī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    pathī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    pathī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “tāṃ nāmarṣayata śrīmāṃstatastūrṇamacodayat
  • tām -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • nāmar -
  • nāman (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • ṛṣa -
  • ṛṣ (verb class 6)
    [imperative active second single]
  • yata -
  • yata (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    yata (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    yam -> yata (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √yam class 1 verb]
    yam -> yata (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √yam class 1 verb]
  • śrīmāṃs -
  • śrīmat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tatas -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • tūrṇam -
  • tūrṇam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tūrṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    tūrṇa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    tūrṇā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    tvar -> tūrṇa (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √tvar class 1 verb]
    tvar -> tūrṇa (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √tvar class 1 verb], [accusative single from √tvar class 1 verb]
  • acodayat -
  • cud (verb class 0)
    [imperfect active third single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 13.144.30

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 13.144.30 in Kannada sript:
ತಸ್ಮಿನ್ವ್ರಜತಿ ದುರ್ಧರ್ಷೇ ಪ್ರಾಸ್ಖಲದ್ರುಕ್ಮಿಣೀ ಪಥಿ ।
ತಾಂ ನಾಮರ್ಷಯತ ಶ್ರೀಮಾಂಸ್ತತಸ್ತೂರ್ಣಮಚೋದಯತ್ ॥ ೩೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 13.144.30 in Bengali sript:
তস্মিন্ব্রজতি দুর্ধর্ষে প্রাস্খলদ্রুক্মিণী পথি ।
তাং নামর্ষযত শ্রীমাংস্ততস্তূর্ণমচোদযত্ ॥ ৩০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 13.144.30 in Gujarati sript:
તસ્મિન્વ્રજતિ દુર્ધર્ષે પ્રાસ્ખલદ્રુક્મિણી પથિ ।
તાં નામર્ષયત શ્રીમાંસ્તતસ્તૂર્ણમચોદયત્ ॥ ૩૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 13.144.30 in Malayalam sript:
തസ്മിന്വ്രജതി ദുര്ധര്ഷേ പ്രാസ്ഖലദ്രുക്മിണീ പഥി ।
താം നാമര്ഷയത ശ്രീമാംസ്തതസ്തൂര്ണമചോദയത് ॥ ൩൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 13.144.30 in Telugu sript:
తస్మిన్వ్రజతి దుర్ధర్షే ప్రాస్ఖలద్రుక్మిణీ పథి ।
తాం నామర్షయత శ్రీమాంస్తతస్తూర్ణమచోదయత్ ॥ ౩౦ ॥

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