Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 13.141.27

ततः स प्रणतः शक्रश्चकार च्यवनस्य तत् ।
च्यवनः कृतवांस्तौ चाप्यश्विनौ सोमपीथिनौ ॥ २७ ॥

tataḥ sa praṇataḥ śakraścakāra cyavanasya tat |
cyavanaḥ kṛtavāṃstau cāpyaśvinau somapīthinau || 27 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...immediately entered the visible embodiment of the goddess, casting off his own body, by the aid of Yoga. The earth thus penetrated by the spirit of Kasyapa, grew in prosperity and became full of all kinds of vegetable produce. Indeed, O king...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (13.141.27). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tatah, Tad, Tata, Pranata, Shakra, Cakara, Cyavana, Tat, Kritavat, Capin, Capya, Capi, Ashvin, Ashvina, Somapithin, Somapithina,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 13.141.27). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tataḥ sa praṇataḥ śakraścakāra cyavanasya tat
  • tataḥ -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • praṇataḥ -
  • praṇata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • śakraś -
  • śakra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • cakāra -
  • cakāra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kṛ (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṛ (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṛ (verb class 5)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṛ (verb class 8)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṛ (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṛ (verb class 6)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṝ (verb class 5)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṝ (verb class 9)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • cyavanasya -
  • cyavana (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    cyavana (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • tat -
  • tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “cyavanaḥ kṛtavāṃstau cāpyaśvinau somapīthinau
  • cyavanaḥ -
  • cyavana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kṛtavāṃs -
  • kṛtavat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    kṛ -> kṛtavat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
  • tau -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
  • cāpya -
  • cāpin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single]
    cāpin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ci -> cāpya (participle, masculine)
    [compound from √ci]
    ci -> cāpya (participle, neuter)
    [compound from √ci]
    ci -> cāpya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √ci]
    cāpī (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    cāpī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    cāpī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    cāpi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    cāpi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    cāpi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ci -> cāpya (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √ci]
    ci -> cāpya (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √ci]
  • aśvinau -
  • aśvin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    aśvina (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • somapīthinau -
  • somapīthin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    somapīthina (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 13.141.27

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 13.141.27 in Kannada sript:
ತತಃ ಸ ಪ್ರಣತಃ ಶಕ್ರಶ್ಚಕಾರ ಚ್ಯವನಸ್ಯ ತತ್ ।
ಚ್ಯವನಃ ಕೃತವಾಂಸ್ತೌ ಚಾಪ್ಯಶ್ವಿನೌ ಸೋಮಪೀಥಿನೌ ॥ ೨೭ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 13.141.27 in Bengali sript:
ততঃ স প্রণতঃ শক্রশ্চকার চ্যবনস্য তত্ ।
চ্যবনঃ কৃতবাংস্তৌ চাপ্যশ্বিনৌ সোমপীথিনৌ ॥ ২৭ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 13.141.27 in Gujarati sript:
તતઃ સ પ્રણતઃ શક્રશ્ચકાર ચ્યવનસ્ય તત્ ।
ચ્યવનઃ કૃતવાંસ્તૌ ચાપ્યશ્વિનૌ સોમપીથિનૌ ॥ ૨૭ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 13.141.27 in Malayalam sript:
തതഃ സ പ്രണതഃ ശക്രശ്ചകാര ച്യവനസ്യ തത് ।
ച്യവനഃ കൃതവാംസ്തൌ ചാപ്യശ്വിനൌ സോമപീഥിനൌ ॥ ൨൭ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 13.141.27 in Telugu sript:
తతః స ప్రణతః శక్రశ్చకార చ్యవనస్య తత్ ।
చ్యవనః కృతవాంస్తౌ చాప్యశ్వినౌ సోమపీథినౌ ॥ ౨౭ ॥

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