Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 13.134.15

एषा सरस्वती पुण्या नदीनामुत्तमा नदी ।
प्रथमा सर्वसरितां नदी सागरगामिनी ॥ १५ ॥

eṣā sarasvatī puṇyā nadīnāmuttamā nadī |
prathamā sarvasaritāṃ nadī sāgaragāminī || 15 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...transcends death; (or, He that wards off Death from those that are devoted to him); He that always casts a kind eye on His worshippers; (or, He that sees all things in the universe); He that destroys all things; (or, He that drenches with nectar...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (13.134.15). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Esha, Sarasvat, Sarasvati, Punya, Nadina, Nadi, Uttama, Nadin, Prathama, Sarva, Sarit, Sarita, Sagaragamini,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 13.134.15). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “eṣā sarasvatī puṇyā nadīnāmuttamā nadī
  • eṣā -
  • eṣā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • sarasvatī -
  • sarasvatī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    sarasvat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • puṇyā* -
  • puṇya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    puṇyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    puṇ -> puṇya (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √puṇ class 10 verb], [vocative plural from √puṇ class 10 verb]
    puṇ -> puṇyā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √puṇ class 10 verb], [vocative plural from √puṇ class 10 verb], [accusative plural from √puṇ class 10 verb]
  • nadīnām -
  • nadīnā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    nadi (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    nadi (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    nadi (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
    nadī (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
  • uttamā* -
  • uttama (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    uttamā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • nadī -
  • nadī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    nadi (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    nadi (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    nadin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “prathamā sarvasaritāṃ nadī sāgaragāminī
  • prathamā -
  • prathamā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • sarva -
  • sarva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sarva (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • saritām -
  • sarit (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
    saritā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • nadī -
  • nadī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    nadi (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    nadi (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    nadin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • sāgaragāminī -
  • sāgaragāminī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 13.134.15

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 13.134.15 in Kannada sript:
ಏಷಾ ಸರಸ್ವತೀ ಪುಣ್ಯಾ ನದೀನಾಮುತ್ತಮಾ ನದೀ ।
ಪ್ರಥಮಾ ಸರ್ವಸರಿತಾಂ ನದೀ ಸಾಗರಗಾಮಿನೀ ॥ ೧೫ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 13.134.15 in Bengali sript:
এষা সরস্বতী পুণ্যা নদীনামুত্তমা নদী ।
প্রথমা সর্বসরিতাং নদী সাগরগামিনী ॥ ১৫ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 13.134.15 in Gujarati sript:
એષા સરસ્વતી પુણ્યા નદીનામુત્તમા નદી ।
પ્રથમા સર્વસરિતાં નદી સાગરગામિની ॥ ૧૫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 13.134.15 in Malayalam sript:
ഏഷാ സരസ്വതീ പുണ്യാ നദീനാമുത്തമാ നദീ ।
പ്രഥമാ സര്വസരിതാം നദീ സാഗരഗാമിനീ ॥ ൧൫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 13.134.15 in Telugu sript:
ఏషా సరస్వతీ పుణ్యా నదీనాముత్తమా నదీ ।
ప్రథమా సర్వసరితాం నదీ సాగరగామినీ ॥ ౧౫ ॥

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