Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 13.127.47

दक्षिणं च मुखं रौद्रं केनोर्ध्वं कपिला जटाः ।
केन कण्ठश्च ते नीलो बर्हिबर्हनिभः कृतः ॥ ४७ ॥

dakṣiṇaṃ ca mukhaṃ raudraṃ kenordhvaṃ kapilā jaṭāḥ |
kena kaṇṭhaśca te nīlo barhibarhanibhaḥ kṛtaḥ || 47 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...welkin alone for his shelter) are said to be excellent vehicles and beds, and costly mansions possessed of the resplendence of the moon, O lady! That man who, having subsisted upon abstemious diet and observed diverse excellent vows, lives depending...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (13.127.47). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Dakshina, Mukha, Raudram, Raudra, Kena, Kah, Kim, Urdhvam, Urdhva, Kapila, Jata, Kantha, Tad, Yushmad, Nila, Barhibarha, Nibha, Krit, Krita,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 13.127.47). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “dakṣiṇaṃ ca mukhaṃ raudraṃ kenordhvaṃ kapilā jaṭāḥ
  • dakṣiṇam -
  • dakṣiṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dakṣiṇa (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • mukham -
  • mukha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    mukha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • raudram -
  • raudram (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    raudra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    raudra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    raudrā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • keno -
  • kena (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kena (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kena (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ka (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    ka (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    kaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    kim (pronoun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • ūrdhvam -
  • ūrdhvam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    ūrdhva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ūrdhva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    ūrdhvā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • kapilā* -
  • kapila (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    kapilā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • jaṭāḥ -
  • jaṭa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    jaṭā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • Line 2: “kena kaṇṭhaśca te nīlo barhibarhanibhaḥ kṛtaḥ
  • kena -
  • kena (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kena (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kena (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ka (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    ka (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    kaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    kim (pronoun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • kaṇṭhaś -
  • kaṇṭha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • nīlo* -
  • nīla (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • barhibarha -
  • barhibarha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • nibhaḥ -
  • nibha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kṛtaḥ -
  • kṛt (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    kṛt (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    kṛta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    kṛ -> kṛta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ (verb class 2)
    [present active third dual]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 13.127.47

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 13.127.47 in Kannada sript:
ದಕ್ಷಿಣಂ ಚ ಮುಖಂ ರೌದ್ರಂ ಕೇನೋರ್ಧ್ವಂ ಕಪಿಲಾ ಜಟಾಃ ।
ಕೇನ ಕಣ್ಠಶ್ಚ ತೇ ನೀಲೋ ಬರ್ಹಿಬರ್ಹನಿಭಃ ಕೃತಃ ॥ ೪೭ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 13.127.47 in Bengali sript:
দক্ষিণং চ মুখং রৌদ্রং কেনোর্ধ্বং কপিলা জটাঃ ।
কেন কণ্ঠশ্চ তে নীলো বর্হিবর্হনিভঃ কৃতঃ ॥ ৪৭ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 13.127.47 in Gujarati sript:
દક્ષિણં ચ મુખં રૌદ્રં કેનોર્ધ્વં કપિલા જટાઃ ।
કેન કણ્ઠશ્ચ તે નીલો બર્હિબર્હનિભઃ કૃતઃ ॥ ૪૭ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 13.127.47 in Malayalam sript:
ദക്ഷിണം ച മുഖം രൌദ്രം കേനോര്ധ്വം കപിലാ ജടാഃ ।
കേന കണ്ഠശ്ച തേ നീലോ ബര്ഹിബര്ഹനിഭഃ കൃതഃ ॥ ൪൭ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 13.127.47 in Telugu sript:
దక్షిణం చ ముఖం రౌద్రం కేనోర్ధ్వం కపిలా జటాః ।
కేన కణ్ఠశ్చ తే నీలో బర్హిబర్హనిభః కృతః ॥ ౪౭ ॥

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