Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 13.123.1

भीष्म उवाच ।
एवमुक्तः स भगवान्मैत्रेयं प्रत्यभाषत ।
दिष्ट्यैवं त्वं विजानासि दिष्ट्या ते बुद्धिरीदृशी ।
लोको ह्ययं गुणानेव भूयिष्ठं स्म प्रशंसति ॥ १ ॥

bhīṣma uvāca |
evamuktaḥ sa bhagavānmaitreyaṃ pratyabhāṣata |
diṣṭyaivaṃ tvaṃ vijānāsi diṣṭyā te buddhirīdṛśī |
loko hyayaṃ guṇāneva bhūyiṣṭhaṃ sma praśaṃsati || 1 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...ascetics, beholding the great deity who is endued with a fierce form and who looks like a great festival, became filled, O Janardana, with great joy. All the highly blessed ascetics, the Siddhas who have drawn in their vital seed, the Maruts...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (13.123.1). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Bhishma, Evam, Eva, Ukta, Bhagavat, Maitreya, Prati, Dishti, Tva, Yushmad, Vijana, Asi, Tad, Buddhi, Idrish, Idrishi, Loka, Aya, Idam, Guna, Bhuyishtham, Bhuyishtha, Sma, Prashamsat,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 13.123.1). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “bhīṣma uvāca
  • bhīṣma* -
  • bhīṣma (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • uvāca -
  • vac (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • Line 2: “evamuktaḥ sa bhagavānmaitreyaṃ pratyabhāṣata
  • evam -
  • evam (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    evam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    evā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • uktaḥ -
  • ukta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    vac -> ukta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √vac class 2 verb], [nominative single from √vac class 3 verb]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • bhagavān -
  • bhagavat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • maitreyam -
  • maitreya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    maitreya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    maitreyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • pratya -
  • prati (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    prati (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    pratī (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    pratī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    pratī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    prati (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • abhāṣata -
  • bhāṣ (verb class 1)
    [imperfect middle third single]
  • Line 3: “diṣṭyaivaṃ tvaṃ vijānāsi diṣṭyā te buddhirīdṛśī
  • diṣṭyai -
  • diṣṭi (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single], [dative single]
  • evam -
  • evam (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    evam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    evā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • tvam -
  • tva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    tva (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [nominative single]
  • vijānā -
  • vijāna (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • asi -
  • asi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    asi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    asī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    as (verb class 2)
    [present active second single]
  • diṣṭyā -
  • diṣṭi (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • buddhir -
  • buddhi (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • īdṛśī -
  • īdṛśī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    īdṛś (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • Line 4: “loko hyayaṃ guṇāneva bhūyiṣṭhaṃ sma praśaṃsati
  • loko* -
  • loka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • hya -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • ayam -
  • aya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    idam (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • guṇān -
  • guṇa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • eva -
  • eva (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhūyiṣṭham -
  • bhūyiṣṭham (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    bhūyiṣṭha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    bhūyiṣṭha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    bhūyiṣṭhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • sma -
  • sma (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sman (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
  • praśaṃsati -
  • praśaṃsat (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    praśaṃsat (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    praśaṃsat (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 13.123.1

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 13.123.1 in Kannada sript:
ಭೀಷ್ಮ ಉವಾಚ ।
ಏವಮುಕ್ತಃ ಸ ಭಗವಾನ್ಮೈತ್ರೇಯಂ ಪ್ರತ್ಯಭಾಷತ ।
ದಿಷ್ಟ್ಯೈವಂ ತ್ವಂ ವಿಜಾನಾಸಿ ದಿಷ್ಟ್ಯಾ ತೇ ಬುದ್ಧಿರೀದೃಶೀ ।
ಲೋಕೋ ಹ್ಯಯಂ ಗುಣಾನೇವ ಭೂಯಿಷ್ಠಂ ಸ್ಮ ಪ್ರಶಂಸತಿ ॥ ೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 13.123.1 in Bengali sript:
ভীষ্ম উবাচ ।
এবমুক্তঃ স ভগবান্মৈত্রেযং প্রত্যভাষত ।
দিষ্ট্যৈবং ত্বং বিজানাসি দিষ্ট্যা তে বুদ্ধিরীদৃশী ।
লোকো হ্যযং গুণানেব ভূযিষ্ঠং স্ম প্রশংসতি ॥ ১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 13.123.1 in Gujarati sript:
ભીષ્મ ઉવાચ ।
એવમુક્તઃ સ ભગવાન્મૈત્રેયં પ્રત્યભાષત ।
દિષ્ટ્યૈવં ત્વં વિજાનાસિ દિષ્ટ્યા તે બુદ્ધિરીદૃશી ।
લોકો હ્યયં ગુણાનેવ ભૂયિષ્ઠં સ્મ પ્રશંસતિ ॥ ૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 13.123.1 in Malayalam sript:
ഭീഷ്മ ഉവാച ।
ഏവമുക്തഃ സ ഭഗവാന്മൈത്രേയം പ്രത്യഭാഷത ।
ദിഷ്ട്യൈവം ത്വം വിജാനാസി ദിഷ്ട്യാ തേ ബുദ്ധിരീദൃശീ ।
ലോകോ ഹ്യയം ഗുണാനേവ ഭൂയിഷ്ഠം സ്മ പ്രശംസതി ॥ ൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 13.123.1 in Telugu sript:
భీష్మ ఉవాచ ।
ఏవముక్తః స భగవాన్మైత్రేయం ప్రత్యభాషత ।
దిష్ట్యైవం త్వం విజానాసి దిష్ట్యా తే బుద్ధిరీదృశీ ।
లోకో హ్యయం గుణానేవ భూయిష్ఠం స్మ ప్రశంసతి ॥ ౧ ॥

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