Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 13.119.20

मम ते दर्शनं प्राप्तं तच्चैव सुकृतं पुरा ।
तिर्यग्योनौ स्म जातेन मम चाप्यर्चनात्तथा ॥ २० ॥

mama te darśanaṃ prāptaṃ taccaiva sukṛtaṃ purā |
tiryagyonau sma jātena mama cāpyarcanāttathā || 20 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...following the religion of gift. How many kinds of gift are there that should be given? What are the fruits of the several kinds of gifts respectively? For what reasons, what kinds of gifts, made to what persons are productive of merits? Indeed...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (13.119.20). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Asmad, Tad, Yushmad, Darshana, Prapta, Tat, Sukrit, Sukrita, Pura, Pur, Tiryagyona, Tiryagyoni, Sma, Jata, Capya, Rica, Tatha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 13.119.20). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “mama te darśanaṃ prāptaṃ taccaiva sukṛtaṃ purā
  • mama -
  • asmad (pronoun, none)
    [genitive single]
    (verb class 2)
    [perfect active second plural]
    (verb class 3)
    [perfect active second plural]
    (verb class 4)
    [perfect active second plural]
    (verb class 1)
    [perfect active second plural]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • darśanam -
  • darśana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    darśana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    darśanā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • prāptam -
  • prāpta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    prāpta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    prāptā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • tac -
  • tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • cai -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • sukṛtam -
  • sukṛta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sukṛta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sukṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    sukṛt (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • purā -
  • purā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    pur (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    purā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “tiryagyonau sma jātena mama cāpyarcanāttathā
  • tiryagyonau -
  • tiryagyona (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tiryagyoni (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    tiryagyoni (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • sma -
  • sma (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sman (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
  • jātena -
  • jāta (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    jāta (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    jan -> jāta (participle, masculine)
    [instrumental single from √jan class 1 verb], [instrumental single from √jan class 2 verb], [instrumental single from √jan class 3 verb], [instrumental single from √jan class 4 verb]
    jan -> jāta (participle, neuter)
    [instrumental single from √jan class 1 verb], [instrumental single from √jan class 2 verb], [instrumental single from √jan class 3 verb], [instrumental single from √jan class 4 verb]
  • mama -
  • asmad (pronoun, none)
    [genitive single]
    (verb class 2)
    [perfect active second plural]
    (verb class 3)
    [perfect active second plural]
    (verb class 4)
    [perfect active second plural]
    (verb class 1)
    [perfect active second plural]
  • cāpyar -
  • ci -> cāpya (participle, masculine)
    [compound from √ci]
    ci -> cāpya (participle, neuter)
    [compound from √ci]
    ci -> cāpya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √ci]
    ci -> cāpya (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √ci]
    ci -> cāpya (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √ci]
    ci -> cāpyā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √ci]
  • ṛca -
  • ṛca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ṛc (verb class 6)
    [imperative active second single]
  • nāt -
  • na (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • tathā -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 13.119.20

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 13.119.20 in Kannada sript:
ಮಮ ತೇ ದರ್ಶನಂ ಪ್ರಾಪ್ತಂ ತಚ್ಚೈವ ಸುಕೃತಂ ಪುರಾ ।
ತಿರ್ಯಗ್ಯೋನೌ ಸ್ಮ ಜಾತೇನ ಮಮ ಚಾಪ್ಯರ್ಚನಾತ್ತಥಾ ॥ ೨೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 13.119.20 in Bengali sript:
মম তে দর্শনং প্রাপ্তং তচ্চৈব সুকৃতং পুরা ।
তির্যগ্যোনৌ স্ম জাতেন মম চাপ্যর্চনাত্তথা ॥ ২০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 13.119.20 in Gujarati sript:
મમ તે દર્શનં પ્રાપ્તં તચ્ચૈવ સુકૃતં પુરા ।
તિર્યગ્યોનૌ સ્મ જાતેન મમ ચાપ્યર્ચનાત્તથા ॥ ૨૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 13.119.20 in Malayalam sript:
മമ തേ ദര്ശനം പ്രാപ്തം തച്ചൈവ സുകൃതം പുരാ ।
തിര്യഗ്യോനൌ സ്മ ജാതേന മമ ചാപ്യര്ചനാത്തഥാ ॥ ൨൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 13.119.20 in Telugu sript:
మమ తే దర్శనం ప్రాప్తం తచ్చైవ సుకృతం పురా ।
తిర్యగ్యోనౌ స్మ జాతేన మమ చాప్యర్చనాత్తథా ॥ ౨౦ ॥

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