Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 13.108.9

सर्वानर्थः कुले यत्र जायते पापपूरुषः ।
अकीर्तिं जनयत्येव कीर्तिमन्तर्दधाति च ॥ ९ ॥

sarvānarthaḥ kule yatra jāyate pāpapūruṣaḥ |
akīrtiṃ janayatyeva kīrtimantardadhāti ca || 9 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...however, the status of humanity, he becomes short-lived. Indeed, having committed sins, O Bharata, one has to take birth in an order intermediate between that of humanity and vegetables. Those people are entirely unacquainted with righteousness...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (13.108.9). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Sarvanartha, Kula, Kuli, Yatra, Jayat, Papapurusha, Akirti, Janayati, Janayat, Eva, Kirtimat, Tarda,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 13.108.9). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “sarvānarthaḥ kule yatra jāyate pāpapūruṣaḥ
  • sarvānarthaḥ -
  • sarvānartha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kule -
  • kula (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    kula (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    kulā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    kuli (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    kuli (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • yatra -
  • yatra (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yatra (indeclinable)
    yatra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    yatra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • jāyate -
  • jai -> jāyat (participle, masculine)
    [dative single from √jai class 1 verb]
    jai -> jāyat (participle, neuter)
    [dative single from √jai class 1 verb]
    jai (verb class 1)
    [present middle third single]
    jan (verb class 4)
    [present middle third single]
  • pāpapūruṣaḥ -
  • pāpapūruṣa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “akīrtiṃ janayatyeva kīrtimantardadhāti ca
  • akīrtim -
  • akīrti (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • janayatye -
  • janayati (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    jan -> janayat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √jan class 10 verb], [locative single from √jan]
    jan -> janayat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √jan class 10 verb], [vocative dual from √jan class 10 verb], [accusative dual from √jan class 10 verb], [locative single from √jan class 10 verb], [nominative dual from √jan], [vocative dual from √jan], [accusative dual from √jan], [locative single from √jan]
    jan (verb class 10)
    [present active third single]
    jan (verb class 0)
    [present active third single]
  • eva -
  • eva (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kīrtiman -
  • kīrtimat (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • tarda -
  • tarda (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tard (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • dhāti -
  • dhā (verb class 2)
    [present active third single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 13.108.9

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 13.108.9 in Kannada sript:
ಸರ್ವಾನರ್ಥಃ ಕುಲೇ ಯತ್ರ ಜಾಯತೇ ಪಾಪಪೂರುಷಃ ।
ಅಕೀರ್ತಿಂ ಜನಯತ್ಯೇವ ಕೀರ್ತಿಮನ್ತರ್ದಧಾತಿ ಚ ॥ ೯ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 13.108.9 in Bengali sript:
সর্বানর্থঃ কুলে যত্র জাযতে পাপপূরুষঃ ।
অকীর্তিং জনযত্যেব কীর্তিমন্তর্দধাতি চ ॥ ৯ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 13.108.9 in Gujarati sript:
સર્વાનર્થઃ કુલે યત્ર જાયતે પાપપૂરુષઃ ।
અકીર્તિં જનયત્યેવ કીર્તિમન્તર્દધાતિ ચ ॥ ૯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 13.108.9 in Malayalam sript:
സര്വാനര്ഥഃ കുലേ യത്ര ജായതേ പാപപൂരുഷഃ ।
അകീര്തിം ജനയത്യേവ കീര്തിമന്തര്ദധാതി ച ॥ ൯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 13.108.9 in Telugu sript:
సర్వానర్థః కులే యత్ర జాయతే పాపపూరుషః ।
అకీర్తిం జనయత్యేవ కీర్తిమన్తర్దధాతి చ ॥ ౯ ॥

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