Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 13.78.21

वैराटपृष्ठमुक्षाणं सर्वरत्नैरलंकृतम् ।
प्रदाय मरुतां लोकानजरान्प्रतिपद्यते ॥ २१ ॥

vairāṭapṛṣṭhamukṣāṇaṃ sarvaratnairalaṃkṛtam |
pradāya marutāṃ lokānajarānpratipadyate || 21 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...have no need, O Grandsire, of boons. Even this, O sinless one, is a great boon to me that you have been gratified with me.' Unto the illustrious Surabhi, O chief of the celestials who said so unto me, O lord of Saci, I answered even in these...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (13.78.21). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Vairata, Prishtha, Ukshana, Ukshan, Sarvaratna, Alankrita, Prada, Pradaya, Marut, Maruta, Loka, Ajara, Pratipad, Yat, Yata, Yati,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 13.78.21). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “vairāṭapṛṣṭhamukṣāṇaṃ sarvaratnairalaṃkṛtam
  • vairāṭa -
  • vairāṭa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vairāṭa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • pṛṣṭham -
  • pṛṣṭha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • ukṣāṇam -
  • ukṣāṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ukṣan (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • sarvaratnair -
  • sarvaratna (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • alaṅkṛtam -
  • alaṅkṛta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    alaṅkṛta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    alaṅkṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line 2: “pradāya marutāṃ lokānajarānpratipadyate
  • pradāya -
  • pradāya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    prada (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    prada (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
  • marutām -
  • marut (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
    marut (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    marutā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • lokān -
  • loka (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • ajarān -
  • ajara (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • pratipad -
  • pratipad (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    pratipad (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • yate -
  • yat (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
    yatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    yati (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    yata (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    yata (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    yati (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    i -> yat (participle, masculine)
    [dative single from √i class 2 verb]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [dative single from √i class 2 verb]
    yam -> yata (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √yam class 1 verb]
    yam -> yata (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √yam class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √yam class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √yam class 1 verb], [locative single from √yam class 1 verb]
    yam -> yatā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √yam class 1 verb], [vocative single from √yam class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √yam class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √yam class 1 verb]
    yat (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 13.78.21

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 13.78.21 in Kannada sript:
ವೈರಾಟಪೃಷ್ಠಮುಕ್ಷಾಣಂ ಸರ್ವರತ್ನೈರಲಂಕೃತಮ್ ।
ಪ್ರದಾಯ ಮರುತಾಂ ಲೋಕಾನಜರಾನ್ಪ್ರತಿಪದ್ಯತೇ ॥ ೨೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 13.78.21 in Bengali sript:
বৈরাটপৃষ্ঠমুক্ষাণং সর্বরত্নৈরলংকৃতম্ ।
প্রদায মরুতাং লোকানজরান্প্রতিপদ্যতে ॥ ২১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 13.78.21 in Gujarati sript:
વૈરાટપૃષ્ઠમુક્ષાણં સર્વરત્નૈરલંકૃતમ્ ।
પ્રદાય મરુતાં લોકાનજરાન્પ્રતિપદ્યતે ॥ ૨૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 13.78.21 in Malayalam sript:
വൈരാടപൃഷ്ഠമുക്ഷാണം സര്വരത്നൈരലംകൃതമ് ।
പ്രദായ മരുതാം ലോകാനജരാന്പ്രതിപദ്യതേ ॥ ൨൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 13.78.21 in Telugu sript:
వైరాటపృష్ఠముక్షాణం సర్వరత్నైరలంకృతమ్ ।
ప్రదాయ మరుతాం లోకానజరాన్ప్రతిపద్యతే ॥ ౨౧ ॥

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