Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 13.65.48

गावः शरण्या भूतानामिति वेदविदो विदुः ।
तस्माद्ददाति यो धेनुं शरणं संप्रयच्छति ॥ ४८ ॥

gāvaḥ śaraṇyā bhūtānāmiti vedavido viduḥ |
tasmāddadāti yo dhenuṃ śaraṇaṃ saṃprayacchati || 48 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...of other kine. Without acceding to my earnest solicitations, he addressed me, saying. 'The cow I have got is well-suited to time and place. She yields a copious measure of milk, besides being very quiet and very fond of us. The mills she yields...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (13.65.48). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Gava, Sharani, Sharanya, Bhuta, Iti, Vedavid, Vidu, Vidus, Tasmat, Tad, Yah, Dhenu, Sharana, Prayat, Shati, Shatin,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 13.65.48). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “gāvaḥ śaraṇyā bhūtānāmiti vedavido viduḥ
  • gāvaḥ -
  • go (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    gāva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    (verb class 2)
    [present active first dual]
    (verb class 2)
    [present active first dual]
  • śaraṇyā* -
  • śaraṇi (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    śaraṇya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    śaraṇyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    śaraṇī (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • bhūtānām -
  • bhūta (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    bhūta (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    bhūtā (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
  • iti -
  • iti (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    iti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • vedavido* -
  • vedavid (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    vedavid (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • viduḥ -
  • vidus (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    vidus (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    vidu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    vidu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    vid (verb class 2)
    [perfect active third plural]
  • Line 2: “tasmāddadāti yo dhenuṃ śaraṇaṃ saṃprayacchati
  • tasmād -
  • tasmāt (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single]
  • dadāti -
  • dadāti (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    (verb class 3)
    [present active third single]
  • yo* -
  • yaḥ (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • dhenum -
  • dhenu (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    dhenu (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • śaraṇam -
  • śaraṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    śaraṇa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    śaraṇā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • sam -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • prayacch -
  • pre -> prayat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √pre class 2 verb], [vocative single from √pre class 2 verb], [accusative single from √pre class 2 verb]
  • śati -
  • śatī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    śatin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    śatin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 13.65.48

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 13.65.48 in Kannada sript:
ಗಾವಃ ಶರಣ್ಯಾ ಭೂತಾನಾಮಿತಿ ವೇದವಿದೋ ವಿದುಃ ।
ತಸ್ಮಾದ್ದದಾತಿ ಯೋ ಧೇನುಂ ಶರಣಂ ಸಂಪ್ರಯಚ್ಛತಿ ॥ ೪೮ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 13.65.48 in Bengali sript:
গাবঃ শরণ্যা ভূতানামিতি বেদবিদো বিদুঃ ।
তস্মাদ্দদাতি যো ধেনুং শরণং সংপ্রযচ্ছতি ॥ ৪৮ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 13.65.48 in Gujarati sript:
ગાવઃ શરણ્યા ભૂતાનામિતિ વેદવિદો વિદુઃ ।
તસ્માદ્દદાતિ યો ધેનું શરણં સંપ્રયચ્છતિ ॥ ૪૮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 13.65.48 in Malayalam sript:
ഗാവഃ ശരണ്യാ ഭൂതാനാമിതി വേദവിദോ വിദുഃ ।
തസ്മാദ്ദദാതി യോ ധേനും ശരണം സംപ്രയച്ഛതി ॥ ൪൮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 13.65.48 in Telugu sript:
గావః శరణ్యా భూతానామితి వేదవిదో విదుః ।
తస్మాద్దదాతి యో ధేనుం శరణం సంప్రయచ్ఛతి ॥ ౪౮ ॥

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