Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 13.51.29

स्वाहाकारवषट्कारौ गोषु नित्यं प्रतिष्ठितौ ।
गावो यज्ञप्रणेत्र्यो वै तथा यज्ञस्य ता मुखम् ॥ २९ ॥

svāhākāravaṣaṭkārau goṣu nityaṃ pratiṣṭhitau |
gāvo yajñapraṇetryo vai tathā yajñasya tā mukham || 29 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...Nishadas a crore of coins. If even this does not represent your price, let more be paid unto them.' "Cyavana said, 'O king, I do not deserve to be purchased for a crore of coins or even more. Let that price be given unto those men which would...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (13.51.29). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Svahakaravashatkara, Nityam, Nitya, Pratishthita, Pratishthiti, Gava, Yajna, Prana, Tatha, Tas, Mukha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 13.51.29). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “svāhākāravaṣaṭkārau goṣu nityaṃ pratiṣṭhitau
  • svāhākāravaṣaṭkārau -
  • svāhākāravaṣaṭkāra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • goṣu -
  • go (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
  • nityam -
  • nityam (indeclinable)
    nitya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    nitya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    nityā (noun, feminine)
  • pratiṣṭhitau -
  • pratiṣṭhita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    pratiṣṭhiti (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
  • Line 2: “gāvo yajñapraṇetryo vai tathā yajñasya mukham
  • gāvo* -
  • go (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    gāva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    (verb class 2)
    [present active first dual]
    (verb class 2)
    [present active first dual]
  • yajña -
  • yajña (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • praṇe -
  • praṇa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    praṇa (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    praṇā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • tryo -
  • vai -
  • (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single], [imperative middle first single]
  • tathā* -
  • tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    tatha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • yajñasya -
  • yajña (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
  • tā* -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    tas (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
  • mukham -
  • mukha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    mukha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 13.51.29

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 13.51.29 in Kannada sript:
ಸ್ವಾಹಾಕಾರವಷಟ್ಕಾರೌ ಗೋಷು ನಿತ್ಯಂ ಪ್ರತಿಷ್ಠಿತೌ ।
ಗಾವೋ ಯಜ್ಞಪ್ರಣೇತ್ರ್ಯೋ ವೈ ತಥಾ ಯಜ್ಞಸ್ಯ ತಾ ಮುಖಮ್ ॥ ೨೯ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 13.51.29 in Bengali sript:
স্বাহাকারবষট্কারৌ গোষু নিত্যং প্রতিষ্ঠিতৌ ।
গাবো যজ্ঞপ্রণেত্র্যো বৈ তথা যজ্ঞস্য তা মুখম্ ॥ ২৯ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 13.51.29 in Gujarati sript:
સ્વાહાકારવષટ્કારૌ ગોષુ નિત્યં પ્રતિષ્ઠિતૌ ।
ગાવો યજ્ઞપ્રણેત્ર્યો વૈ તથા યજ્ઞસ્ય તા મુખમ્ ॥ ૨૯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 13.51.29 in Malayalam sript:
സ്വാഹാകാരവഷട്കാരൌ ഗോഷു നിത്യം പ്രതിഷ്ഠിതൌ ।
ഗാവോ യജ്ഞപ്രണേത്ര്യോ വൈ തഥാ യജ്ഞസ്യ താ മുഖമ് ॥ ൨൯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 13.51.29 in Telugu sript:
స్వాహాకారవషట్కారౌ గోషు నిత్యం ప్రతిష్ఠితౌ ।
గావో యజ్ఞప్రణేత్ర్యో వై తథా యజ్ఞస్య తా ముఖమ్ ॥ ౨౯ ॥

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