Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

bhīṣma uvāca |
brāhmaṇāneva satataṃ bhṛśaṃ saṃpratipūjayet |
ete hi somarājāna īśvarāḥ sukhaduḥkhayoḥ || 1 ||
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ete bhogairalaṃkārairanyaiścaiva kimicchakaiḥ |
sadā pūjyā namaskāryā rakṣyāśca pitṛvannṛpaiḥ |
ato rāṣṭrasya śāntirhi bhūtānāmiva vāsavāt || 2 ||
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jāyatāṃ brahmavarcasvī rāṣṭre vai brāhmaṇaḥ śuciḥ |
mahārathaśca rājanya eṣṭavyaḥ śatrutāpanaḥ || 3 ||
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brāhmaṇaṃ jātisaṃpannaṃ dharmajñaṃ saṃśitavratam |
vāsayeta gṛhe rājanna tasmātparamasti vai || 4 ||
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brāhmaṇebhyo havirdattaṃ pratigṛhṇanti devatāḥ |
pitaraḥ sarvabhūtānāṃ naitebhyo vidyate param || 5 ||
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ādityaścandramā vāyurbhūmirāpo'mbaraṃ diśaḥ |
sarve brāhmaṇamāviśya sadānnamupabhuñjate || 6 ||
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na tasyāśnanti pitaro yasya viprā na bhuñjate |
devāścāpyasya nāśnanti pāpasya brāhmaṇadviṣaḥ || 7 ||
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brāhmaṇeṣu tu tuṣṭeṣu prīyante pitaraḥ sadā |
tathaiva devatā rājannātra kāryā vicāraṇā || 8 ||
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tathaiva te'pi prīyante yeṣāṃ bhavati taddhaviḥ |
na ca pretya vinaśyanti gacchanti paramāṃ gatim || 9 ||
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yena yenaiva haviṣā brāhmaṇāṃstarpayennaraḥ |
tena tenaiva prīyante pitaro devatāstathā || 10 ||
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brāhmaṇādeva tadbhūtaṃ prabhavanti yataḥ prajāḥ |
yataścāyaṃ prabhavati pretya yatra ca gacchati || 11 ||
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vedaiṣa mārgaṃ svargasya tathaiva narakasya ca |
āgatānāgate cobhe brāhmaṇo dvipadāṃ varaḥ |
brāhmaṇo bharataśreṣṭha svadharmaṃ veda medhayā || 12 ||
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ye cainamanuvartante te na yānti parābhavam |
na te pretya vinaśyanti gacchanti na parābhavam || 13 ||
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ye brāhmaṇamukhātprāptaṃ pratigṛhṇanti vai vacaḥ |
kṛtātmāno mahātmānaste na yānti parābhavam || 14 ||
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kṣatriyāṇāṃ pratapatāṃ tejasā ca balena ca |
brāhmaṇeṣveva śāmyanti tejāṃsi ca balāni ca || 15 ||
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bhṛgavo'jayaṃstālajaṅghānnīpānaṅgiraso'jayan |
bharadvājo vaitahavyānailāṃśca bharatarṣabha || 16 ||
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citrāyudhāṃścāpyajayannete kṛṣṇājinadhvajāḥ |
prakṣipyātha ca kumbhānvai pāragāminamārabhet || 17 ||
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yatkiṃcitkathyate loke śrūyate paśyate'pi vā |
sarvaṃ tadbrāhmaṇeṣveva gūḍho'gniriva dāruṣu || 18 ||
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atrāpyudāharantīmamitihāsaṃ purātanam |
saṃvādaṃ vāsudevasya pṛthvyāśca bharatarṣabha || 19 ||
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vāsudeva uvāca |
mātaraṃ sarvabhūtānāṃ pṛcche tvā saṃśayaṃ śubhe |
kena svitkarmaṇā pāpaṃ vyapohati naro gṛhī || 20 ||
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pṛthivyuvāca |
brāhmaṇāneva seveta pavitraṃ hyetaduttamam |
brāhmaṇānsevamānasya rajaḥ sarvaṃ praṇaśyati || 21 ||
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ato bhūtirataḥ kīrtirato buddhiḥ prajāyate |
apareṣāṃ pareṣāṃ ca parebhyaścaiva ye pare || 22 ||
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brāhmaṇā yaṃ praśaṃsanti puruṣaḥ sa pravardhate |
atha yo brāhmaṇākruṣṭaḥ parābhavati so'cirāt || 23 ||
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yathā mahārṇave kṣipta āmaloṣṭo vinaśyati |
tathā duścaritaṃ karma parābhāvāya kalpate || 24 ||
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paśya candre kṛtaṃ lakṣma samudre lavaṇodakam |
tathā bhagasahasreṇa mahendraṃ paricihnitam || 25 ||
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teṣāmeva prabhāvena sahasranayano hyasau |
śatakratuḥ samabhavatpaśya mādhava yādṛśam || 26 ||
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icchanbhūtiṃ ca kīrtiṃ ca lokāṃśca madhusūdana |
brāhmaṇānumate tiṣṭhetpuruṣaḥ śucirātmavān || 27 ||
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ityetadvacanaṃ śrutvā medinyā madhusūdanaḥ |
sādhu sādhvityathetyuktvā medinīṃ pratyapūjayat || 28 ||
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etāṃ śrutvopamāṃ pārtha prayato brāhmaṇarṣabhān |
satataṃ pūjayethāstvaṃ tataḥ śreyo'bhipatsyase || 29 ||
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Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Chapter 34

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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