Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 13.33.1

युधिष्ठिर उवाच ।
किं राज्ञः सर्वकृत्यानां गरीयः स्यात्पितामह ।
किं कुर्वन्कर्म नृपतिरुभौ लोकौ समश्नुते ॥ १ ॥

yudhiṣṭhira uvāca |
kiṃ rājñaḥ sarvakṛtyānāṃ garīyaḥ syātpitāmaha |
kiṃ kurvankarma nṛpatirubhau lokau samaśnute || 1 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...That son was the regenerate Rishi Sunaka. Sunaka begot a son who is named Saunaka. It was even thus, O foremost of monarchs, that king Vitahavya, though a Kshatriya by the order of his birth, obtained the status of a Brahmana, O chief of Kshatriyas...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (13.33.1). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yudhishthira, Kim, Rajan, Sarvakrit, Gariyas, Syat, Sya, Pitamaha, Kurvat, Karman, Nripati, Ubha, Loka,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 13.33.1). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yudhiṣṭhira uvāca
  • yudhiṣṭhira* -
  • yudhiṣṭhira (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • uvāca -
  • vac (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • Line 2: “kiṃ rājñaḥ sarvakṛtyānāṃ garīyaḥ syātpitāmaha
  • kim -
  • kim (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    kim (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kim (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • rājñaḥ -
  • rājan (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • sarvakṛtyā -
  • sarvakṛt (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    sarvakṛt (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • ānām -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    ā (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
  • garīyaḥ -
  • garīyas (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    garīyas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • syāt -
  • syāt (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    syāt (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    as (verb class 2)
    [optative active third single]
  • pitāmaha -
  • pitāmaha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 3: “kiṃ kurvankarma nṛpatirubhau lokau samaśnute
  • kim -
  • kim (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    kim (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kim (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • kurvan -
  • kurvat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single], [vocative single]
    kṛ -> kurvat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √kṛ class 8 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
  • karma -
  • karman (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • nṛpatir -
  • nṛpati (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ubhau -
  • ubha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • lokau -
  • loka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • sam -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sam (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • aśnute -
  • (verb class 5)
    [present middle third single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 13.33.1

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 13.33.1 in Kannada sript:
ಯುಧಿಷ್ಠಿರ ಉವಾಚ ।
ಕಿಂ ರಾಜ್ಞಃ ಸರ್ವಕೃತ್ಯಾನಾಂ ಗರೀಯಃ ಸ್ಯಾತ್ಪಿತಾಮಹ ।
ಕಿಂ ಕುರ್ವನ್ಕರ್ಮ ನೃಪತಿರುಭೌ ಲೋಕೌ ಸಮಶ್ನುತೇ ॥ ೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 13.33.1 in Bengali sript:
যুধিষ্ঠির উবাচ ।
কিং রাজ্ঞঃ সর্বকৃত্যানাং গরীযঃ স্যাত্পিতামহ ।
কিং কুর্বন্কর্ম নৃপতিরুভৌ লোকৌ সমশ্নুতে ॥ ১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 13.33.1 in Gujarati sript:
યુધિષ્ઠિર ઉવાચ ।
કિં રાજ્ઞઃ સર્વકૃત્યાનાં ગરીયઃ સ્યાત્પિતામહ ।
કિં કુર્વન્કર્મ નૃપતિરુભૌ લોકૌ સમશ્નુતે ॥ ૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 13.33.1 in Malayalam sript:
യുധിഷ്ഠിര ഉവാച ।
കിം രാജ്ഞഃ സര്വകൃത്യാനാം ഗരീയഃ സ്യാത്പിതാമഹ ।
കിം കുര്വന്കര്മ നൃപതിരുഭൌ ലോകൌ സമശ്നുതേ ॥ ൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 13.33.1 in Telugu sript:
యుధిష్ఠిర ఉవాచ ।
కిం రాజ్ఞః సర్వకృత్యానాం గరీయః స్యాత్పితామహ ।
కిం కుర్వన్కర్మ నృపతిరుభౌ లోకౌ సమశ్నుతే ॥ ౧ ॥

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