Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 13.17.72

ब्रह्मचारी लोकचारी सर्वचारी सुचारवित् ।
ईशान ईश्वरः कालो निशाचारी पिनाकधृक् ॥ ७२ ॥

brahmacārī lokacārī sarvacārī sucāravit |
īśāna īśvaraḥ kālo niśācārī pinākadhṛk || 72 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...of the heart. You are exceedingly fierce in form. You are the Deity called Ansu. You are the companion of Ansu and art called Aditya. You are possessed of innumerable rays. You are endued with dazzling effulgence. You have the speed of the Wind...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (13.17.72). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Brahmacarin, Brahmacari, Lokacarin, Sarvacarin, Cara, Vid, Vidh, Ishana, Ishvara, Kala, Nish, Nisha, Acari, Acarin, Pinakadhrik,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 13.17.72). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “brahmacārī lokacārī sarvacārī sucāravit
  • brahmacārī -
  • brahmacārī (noun, masculine)
    brahmacārī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    brahmacārin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • lokacārī -
  • lokacārin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • sarvacārī -
  • sarvacārin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • su -
  • (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    so (noun, feminine)
  • cāra -
  • cāra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    cāra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vit -
  • vid (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    vid (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    vidh (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    vidh (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “īśāna īśvaraḥ kālo niśācārī pinākadhṛk
  • īśāna* -
  • īśāna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    īś -> īśāna (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √īś class 2 verb]
  • īśvaraḥ -
  • īśvara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kālo* -
  • kāla (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • niśā -
  • niśa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    niś (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    niśā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ācārī -
  • ācārī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    ācārin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • pinākadhṛk -
  • pinākadhṛk (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 13.17.72

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 13.17.72 in Kannada sript:
ಬ್ರಹ್ಮಚಾರೀ ಲೋಕಚಾರೀ ಸರ್ವಚಾರೀ ಸುಚಾರವಿತ್ ।
ಈಶಾನ ಈಶ್ವರಃ ಕಾಲೋ ನಿಶಾಚಾರೀ ಪಿನಾಕಧೃಕ್ ॥ ೭೨ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 13.17.72 in Bengali sript:
ব্রহ্মচারী লোকচারী সর্বচারী সুচারবিত্ ।
ঈশান ঈশ্বরঃ কালো নিশাচারী পিনাকধৃক্ ॥ ৭২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 13.17.72 in Gujarati sript:
બ્રહ્મચારી લોકચારી સર્વચારી સુચારવિત્ ।
ઈશાન ઈશ્વરઃ કાલો નિશાચારી પિનાકધૃક્ ॥ ૭૨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 13.17.72 in Malayalam sript:
ബ്രഹ്മചാരീ ലോകചാരീ സര്വചാരീ സുചാരവിത് ।
ഈശാന ഈശ്വരഃ കാലോ നിശാചാരീ പിനാകധൃക് ॥ ൭൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 13.17.72 in Telugu sript:
బ్రహ్మచారీ లోకచారీ సర్వచారీ సుచారవిత్ ।
ఈశాన ఈశ్వరః కాలో నిశాచారీ పినాకధృక్ ॥ ౭౨ ॥

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