Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 13.17.52

तेजोपहारी बलहा मुदितोऽर्थो जितो वरः ।
गम्भीरघोषो गम्भीरो गम्भीरबलवाहनः ॥ ५२ ॥

tejopahārī balahā mudito'rtho jito varaḥ |
gambhīraghoṣo gambhīro gambhīrabalavāhanaḥ || 52 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...he that appears in the firmament in the heart encased in the body of every creature.{GL_NOTE:176217:} You are he who enters into the cranium (brain) of every creature. You bearest the wrinkles of age. You bearest the bamboo flute. You have also...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (13.17.52). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Teja, Upaharin, Balahan, Mudita, Artha, Jit, Jita, Vara, Varas, Gambhira, Ghosha, Balavahana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 13.17.52). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tejopahārī balahā mudito'rtho jito varaḥ
  • tejo -
  • teja (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tejā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • upahārī -
  • upahārin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • balahā -
  • balahan (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • mudito' -
  • mudita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    mud -> mudita (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √mud class 1 verb]
    mud -> mudita (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √mud class 10 verb]
  • artho* -
  • artha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • jito* -
  • jit (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    jit (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    jita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    ji -> jita (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √ji class 1 verb], [nominative single from √ji class 9 verb]
  • varaḥ -
  • varas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    vara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “gambhīraghoṣo gambhīro gambhīrabalavāhanaḥ
  • gambhīra -
  • gambhīra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    gambhīra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ghoṣo* -
  • ghoṣa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • gambhīro* -
  • gambhīra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • gambhīra -
  • gambhīra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    gambhīra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • balavāhanaḥ -
  • balavāhana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 13.17.52

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 13.17.52 in Kannada sript:
ತೇಜೋಪಹಾರೀ ಬಲಹಾ ಮುದಿತೋಽರ್ಥೋ ಜಿತೋ ವರಃ ।
ಗಮ್ಭೀರಘೋಷೋ ಗಮ್ಭೀರೋ ಗಮ್ಭೀರಬಲವಾಹನಃ ॥ ೫೨ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 13.17.52 in Bengali sript:
তেজোপহারী বলহা মুদিতোঽর্থো জিতো বরঃ ।
গম্ভীরঘোষো গম্ভীরো গম্ভীরবলবাহনঃ ॥ ৫২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 13.17.52 in Gujarati sript:
તેજોપહારી બલહા મુદિતોઽર્થો જિતો વરઃ ।
ગમ્ભીરઘોષો ગમ્ભીરો ગમ્ભીરબલવાહનઃ ॥ ૫૨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 13.17.52 in Malayalam sript:
തേജോപഹാരീ ബലഹാ മുദിതോഽര്ഥോ ജിതോ വരഃ ।
ഗമ്ഭീരഘോഷോ ഗമ്ഭീരോ ഗമ്ഭീരബലവാഹനഃ ॥ ൫൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 13.17.52 in Telugu sript:
తేజోపహారీ బలహా ముదితోఽర్థో జితో వరః ।
గమ్భీరఘోషో గమ్భీరో గమ్భీరబలవాహనః ॥ ౫౨ ॥

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