Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 13.16.18

तनवस्ते स्मृतास्तिस्रः पुराणज्ञैः सुरर्षिभिः ।
अधिपौरुषमध्यात्ममधिभूताधिदैवतम् ।
अधिलोक्याधिविज्ञानमधियज्ञस्त्वमेव हि ॥ १८ ॥

tanavaste smṛtāstisraḥ purāṇajñaiḥ surarṣibhiḥ |
adhipauruṣamadhyātmamadhibhūtādhidaivatam |
adhilokyādhivijñānamadhiyajñastvameva hi || 18 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...Pitriyana (the path of the Pitris).{GL_NOTE:176182:} You are Kashtha, you are the points of the horizon, you are the year, and you are the Yugas. Thine is the sovereignty of the heavens, thine is the sovereignty of the Earth, you are the Northern...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (13.16.18). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tanu, Tad, Yushmad, Smrita, Smrito, Tisri, Puranajna, Surarshi, Adhipa, Rush, Adhyatmam, Adhyatma, Adhibhuta, Adhidaivata, Adhi, Lokya, Adhivijnana, Adhiyajna, Tva, Eva,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 13.16.18). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tanavaste smṛtāstisraḥ purāṇajñaiḥ surarṣibhiḥ
  • tanavas -
  • tanu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • smṛtās -
  • smṛta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    smṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    smṛto (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
    smṛ -> smṛta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √smṛ class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √smṛ class 1 verb]
    smṛ -> smṛtā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √smṛ class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √smṛ class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √smṛ class 1 verb]
  • tisra -
  • tisṛ (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    tisṛ (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    tisṛ (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • aḥ -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • purāṇajñaiḥ -
  • purāṇajña (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    purāṇajña (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • surarṣibhiḥ -
  • surarṣi (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • Line 2: “adhipauruṣamadhyātmamadhibhūtādhidaivatam
  • adhipau -
  • adhipa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    adhipā (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • ruṣam -
  • ruṣā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    ruṣ (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • adhyātmam -
  • adhyātmam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    adhyātma (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    adhyātma (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    adhyātmā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • adhibhūtā -
  • adhibhūta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • adhidaivatam -
  • adhidaivata (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • Line 3: “adhilokyādhivijñānamadhiyajñastvameva hi
  • adhi -
  • adhi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    adhi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    adhī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    adhī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    adhī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • lokyā -
  • lokya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    lokya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    lok -> lokya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √lok]
    lok -> lokya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √lok]
    lokyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    loc -> lokya (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √loc class 1 verb]
    loc -> lokya (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √loc class 1 verb]
    loc -> lokyā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √loc class 1 verb]
    lok -> lokya (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √lok class 1 verb], [vocative single from √lok class 10 verb]
    lok -> lokya (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √lok class 1 verb], [vocative single from √lok class 10 verb]
    lok -> lokyā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √lok class 1 verb], [nominative single from √lok class 10 verb]
  • adhivijñānam -
  • adhivijñāna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • adhiyajñas -
  • adhiyajña (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tvam -
  • tva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    tva (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [nominative single]
  • eva -
  • eva (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 13.16.18

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

Buy now!

Preview of verse 13.16.18 in Kannada sript:
ತನವಸ್ತೇ ಸ್ಮೃತಾಸ್ತಿಸ್ರಃ ಪುರಾಣಜ್ಞೈಃ ಸುರರ್ಷಿಭಿಃ ।
ಅಧಿಪೌರುಷಮಧ್ಯಾತ್ಮಮಧಿಭೂತಾಧಿದೈವತಮ್ ।
ಅಧಿಲೋಕ್ಯಾಧಿವಿಜ್ಞಾನಮಧಿಯಜ್ಞಸ್ತ್ವಮೇವ ಹಿ ॥ ೧೮ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 13.16.18 in Bengali sript:
তনবস্তে স্মৃতাস্তিস্রঃ পুরাণজ্ঞৈঃ সুরর্ষিভিঃ ।
অধিপৌরুষমধ্যাত্মমধিভূতাধিদৈবতম্ ।
অধিলোক্যাধিবিজ্ঞানমধিযজ্ঞস্ত্বমেব হি ॥ ১৮ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 13.16.18 in Gujarati sript:
તનવસ્તે સ્મૃતાસ્તિસ્રઃ પુરાણજ્ઞૈઃ સુરર્ષિભિઃ ।
અધિપૌરુષમધ્યાત્મમધિભૂતાધિદૈવતમ્ ।
અધિલોક્યાધિવિજ્ઞાનમધિયજ્ઞસ્ત્વમેવ હિ ॥ ૧૮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 13.16.18 in Malayalam sript:
തനവസ്തേ സ്മൃതാസ്തിസ്രഃ പുരാണജ്ഞൈഃ സുരര്ഷിഭിഃ ।
അധിപൌരുഷമധ്യാത്മമധിഭൂതാധിദൈവതമ് ।
അധിലോക്യാധിവിജ്ഞാനമധിയജ്ഞസ്ത്വമേവ ഹി ॥ ൧൮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 13.16.18 in Telugu sript:
తనవస్తే స్మృతాస్తిస్రః పురాణజ్ఞైః సురర్షిభిః ।
అధిపౌరుషమధ్యాత్మమధిభూతాధిదైవతమ్ ।
అధిలోక్యాధివిజ్ఞానమధియజ్ఞస్త్వమేవ హి ॥ ౧౮ ॥

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: