Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 13.15.18

पृथिवी चान्तरिक्षं च नक्षत्राणि ग्रहास्तथा ।
मासार्धमासा ऋतवो रात्र्यः संवत्सराः क्षणाः ॥ १८ ॥

pṛthivī cāntarikṣaṃ ca nakṣatrāṇi grahāstathā |
māsārdhamāsā ṛtavo rātryaḥ saṃvatsarāḥ kṣaṇāḥ || 18 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...of the Yadavas. Name what you wishest. However difficult of attainment they be, you shalt have them still.'"{GL_NOTE:176174:} "The blessed Krishna said, 'Bowing my head with great joy unto that mass of energy and effulgence, I said these words...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (13.15.18). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Prithivi, Tari, Tarin, Ksha, Nakshatra, Nakshatrani, Graha, Tatha, Masardhamasa, Ritu, Ratri, Samvatsara, Kshana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 13.15.18). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “pṛthivī cāntarikṣaṃ ca nakṣatrāṇi grahāstathā
  • pṛthivī -
  • pṛthivī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    pṛthivi (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • cān -
  • ca (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • tari -
  • tari (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    tarī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    tarin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    tarin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • kṣam -
  • kṣa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kṣa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kṣā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • nakṣatrāṇi -
  • nakṣatrāṇi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    nakṣatrāṇi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    nakṣatrāṇi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    nakṣatra (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • grahās -
  • graha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    grahā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • tathā -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “māsārdhamāsā ṛtavo rātryaḥ saṃvatsarāḥ kṣaṇāḥ
  • māsārdhamāsā* -
  • māsārdhamāsa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • ṛtavo* -
  • ṛtu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • rātryaḥ -
  • rātrī (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • saṃvatsarāḥ -
  • saṃvatsara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • kṣaṇāḥ -
  • kṣaṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    kṣaṇā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 13.15.18

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 13.15.18 in Kannada sript:
ಪೃಥಿವೀ ಚಾನ್ತರಿಕ್ಷಂ ಚ ನಕ್ಷತ್ರಾಣಿ ಗ್ರಹಾಸ್ತಥಾ ।
ಮಾಸಾರ್ಧಮಾಸಾ ಋತವೋ ರಾತ್ರ್ಯಃ ಸಂವತ್ಸರಾಃ ಕ್ಷಣಾಃ ॥ ೧೮ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 13.15.18 in Bengali sript:
পৃথিবী চান্তরিক্ষং চ নক্ষত্রাণি গ্রহাস্তথা ।
মাসার্ধমাসা ঋতবো রাত্র্যঃ সংবত্সরাঃ ক্ষণাঃ ॥ ১৮ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 13.15.18 in Gujarati sript:
પૃથિવી ચાન્તરિક્ષં ચ નક્ષત્રાણિ ગ્રહાસ્તથા ।
માસાર્ધમાસા ઋતવો રાત્ર્યઃ સંવત્સરાઃ ક્ષણાઃ ॥ ૧૮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 13.15.18 in Malayalam sript:
പൃഥിവീ ചാന്തരിക്ഷം ച നക്ഷത്രാണി ഗ്രഹാസ്തഥാ ।
മാസാര്ധമാസാ ഋതവോ രാത്ര്യഃ സംവത്സരാഃ ക്ഷണാഃ ॥ ൧൮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 13.15.18 in Telugu sript:
పృథివీ చాన్తరిక్షం చ నక్షత్రాణి గ్రహాస్తథా ।
మాసార్ధమాసా ఋతవో రాత్ర్యః సంవత్సరాః క్షణాః ॥ ౧౮ ॥

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