Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

bhīṣma uvāca |
śrūyatāṃ pārtha tattvena viśvāmitro yathā purā |
brāhmaṇatvaṃ gatastāta brahmarṣitvaṃ tathaiva ca || 1 ||
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bharatasyānvaye caivājamīḍho nāma pārthivaḥ |
babhūva bharataśreṣṭha yajvā dharmabhṛtāṃ varaḥ || 2 ||
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tasya putro mahānāsījjahnurnāma nareśvaraḥ |
duhitṛtvamanuprāptā gaṅgā yasya mahātmanaḥ || 3 ||
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tasyātmajastulyaguṇaḥ sindhudvīpo mahāyaśāḥ |
sindhudvīpācca rājarṣirbalākāśvo mahābalaḥ || 4 ||
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vallabhastasya tanayaḥ sākṣāddharma ivāparaḥ |
kuśikastasya tanayaḥ sahasrākṣasamadyutiḥ || 5 ||
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kuśikasyātmajaḥ śrīmāngādhirnāma janeśvaraḥ |
aputraḥ sa mahābāhurvanavāsamudāvasat || 6 ||
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kanyā jajñe sutā tasya vane nivasataḥ sataḥ |
nāmnā satyavatī nāma rūpeṇāpratimā bhuvi || 7 ||
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tāṃ vavre bhārgavaḥ śrīmāṃścyavanasyātmajaḥ prabhuḥ |
ṛcīka iti vikhyāto vipule tapasi sthitaḥ || 8 ||
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sa tāṃ na pradadau tasmai ṛcīkāya mahātmane |
daridra iti matvā vai gādhiḥ śatrunibarhaṇaḥ || 9 ||
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pratyākhyāya punaryāntamabravīdrājasattamaḥ |
śulkaṃ pradīyatāṃ mahyaṃ tato vetsyasi me sutām || 10 ||
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ṛcīka uvāca |
kiṃ prayacchāmi rājendra tubhyaṃ śulkamahaṃ nṛpa |
duhiturbrūhyasaṃsakto mātrābhūtte vicāraṇā || 11 ||
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gādhiruvāca |
candraraśmiprakāśānāṃ hayānāṃ vātaraṃhasām |
ekataḥ śyāmakarṇānāṃ sahasraṃ dehi bhārgava || 12 ||
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bhīṣma uvāca |
tataḥ sa bhṛguśārdūlaścyavanasyātmajaḥ prabhuḥ |
abravīdvaruṇaṃ devamādityaṃ patimambhasām || 13 ||
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ekataḥ śyāmakarṇānāṃ hayānāṃ candravarcasām |
sahasraṃ vātavegānāṃ bhikṣe tvāṃ devasattama || 14 ||
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tatheti varuṇo deva ādityo bhṛgusattamam |
uvāca yatra te chandastatrotthāsyanti vājinaḥ || 15 ||
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dhyātamātre ṛcīkena hayānāṃ candravarcasām |
gaṅgājalātsamuttasthau sahasraṃ vipulaujasām || 16 ||
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adūre kanyakubjasya gaṅgāyāstīramuttamam |
aśvatīrthaṃ tadadyāpi mānavāḥ paricakṣate || 17 ||
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tattadā gādhaye tāta sahasraṃ vājināṃ śubham |
ṛcīkaḥ pradadau prītaḥ śulkārthaṃ japatāṃ varaḥ || 18 ||
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tataḥ sa vismito rājā gādhiḥ śāpabhayena ca |
dadau tāṃ samalaṃkṛtya kanyāṃ bhṛgusutāya vai || 19 ||
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jagrāha pāṇiṃ vidhinā tasya brahmarṣisattamaḥ |
sā ca taṃ patimāsādya paraṃ harṣamavāpa ha || 20 ||
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sa tutoṣa ca viprarṣistasyā vṛttena bhārata |
chandayāmāsa caivaināṃ vareṇa varavarṇinīm || 21 ||
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mātre tatsarvamācakhyau sā kanyā rājasattamam |
atha tāmabravīnmātā sutāṃ kiṃcidavāṅmukhīm || 22 ||
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mamāpi putri bhartā te prasādaṃ kartumarhati |
apatyasya pradānena samarthaḥ sa mahātapāḥ || 23 ||
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tataḥ sā tvaritaṃ gatvā tatsarvaṃ pratyavedayat |
mātuścikīrṣitaṃ rājannṛcīkastāmathābravīt || 24 ||
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guṇavantamapatyaṃ vai tvaṃ ca sā janayiṣyathaḥ |
jananyāstava kalyāṇi mā bhūdvai praṇayo'nyathā || 25 ||
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tava caiva guṇaślāghī putra utpatsyate śubhe |
asmadvaṃśakaraḥ śrīmāṃstava bhrātā ca vaṃśakṛt || 26 ||
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ṛtusnātā ca sāśvatthaṃ tvaṃ ca vṛkṣamudumbaram |
pariṣvajethāḥ kalyāṇi tata iṣṭamavāpsyathaḥ || 27 ||
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carudvayamidaṃ caiva mantrapūtaṃ śucismite |
tvaṃ ca sā copayuñjīthāṃ tataḥ putrāvavāpsyathaḥ || 28 ||
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tataḥ satyavatī hṛṣṭā mātaraṃ pratyabhāṣata |
yadṛcīkena kathitaṃ taccācakhyau carudvayam || 29 ||
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tāmuvāca tato mātā sutāṃ satyavatīṃ tadā |
putri mūrdhnā prapannāyāḥ kuruṣva vacanaṃ mama || 30 ||
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bhartrā ya eṣa dattaste carurmantrapuraskṛtaḥ |
etaṃ prayaccha mahyaṃ tvaṃ madīyaṃ tvaṃ gṛhāṇa ca || 31 ||
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vyatyāsaṃ vṛkṣayoścāpi karavāva śucismite |
yadi pramāṇaṃ vacanaṃ mama māturanindite || 32 ||
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vyaktaṃ bhagavatā cātra kṛtamevaṃ bhaviṣyati |
tato me tvaccarau bhāvaḥ pādape ca sumadhyame |
kathaṃ viśiṣṭo bhrātā te bhavedityeva cintaya || 33 ||
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tathā ca kṛtavatyau te mātā satyavatī ca sā |
atha garbhāvanuprāpte ubhe te vai yudhiṣṭhira || 34 ||
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dṛṣṭvā garbhamanuprāptāṃ bhāryāṃ sa ca mahānṛṣiḥ |
uvāca tāṃ satyavatīṃ durmanā bhṛgusattamaḥ || 35 ||
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vyatyāsenopayuktaste carurvyaktaṃ bhaviṣyati |
vyatyāsaḥ pādape cāpi suvyaktaṃ te kṛtaḥ śubhe || 36 ||
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mayā hi viśvaṃ yadbrahma tvaccarau saṃniveśitam |
kṣatravīryaṃ ca sakalaṃ carau tasyā niveśitam || 37 ||
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trilokavikhyātaguṇaṃ tvaṃ vipraṃ janayiṣyasi |
sā ca kṣatraṃ viśiṣṭaṃ vai tata etatkṛtaṃ mayā || 38 ||
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vyatyāsastu kṛto yasmāttvayā mātrā tathaiva ca |
tasmātsā brāhmaṇaśreṣṭhaṃ mātā te janayiṣyati || 39 ||
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kṣatriyaṃ tūgrakarmāṇaṃ tvaṃ bhadre janayiṣyasi |
na hi te tatkṛtaṃ sādhu mātṛsnehena bhāmini || 40 ||
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sā śrutvā śokasaṃtaptā papāta varavarṇinī |
bhūmau satyavatī rājaṃśchinneva rucirā latā || 41 ||
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pratilabhya ca sā saṃjñāṃ śirasā praṇipatya ca |
uvāca bhāryā bhartāraṃ gādheyī brāhmaṇarṣabham || 42 ||
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prasādayantyāṃ bhāryāyāṃ mayi brahmavidāṃ vara |
prasādaṃ kuru viprarṣe na me syātkṣatriyaḥ sutaḥ || 43 ||
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kāmaṃ mamograkarmā vai pautro bhavitumarhati |
na tu me syātsuto brahmanneṣa me dīyatāṃ varaḥ || 44 ||
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evamastviti hovāca svāṃ bhāryāṃ sumahātapāḥ |
tataḥ sā janayāmāsa jamadagniṃ sutaṃ śubham || 45 ||
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viśvāmitraṃ cājanayadgādherbhāryā yaśasvinī |
ṛṣeḥ prabhāvādrājendra brahmarṣiṃ brahmavādinam || 46 ||
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tato brāhmaṇatāṃ yāto viśvāmitro mahātapāḥ |
kṣatriyaḥ so'pyatha tathā brahmavaṃśasya kārakaḥ || 47 ||
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tasya putrā mahātmāno brahmavaṃśavivardhanāḥ |
tapasvino brahmavido gotrakartāra eva ca || 48 ||
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madhucchandaśca bhagavāndevarātaśca vīryavān |
akṣīṇaśca śakuntaśca babhruḥ kālapathastathā || 49 ||
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yājñavalkyaśca vikhyātastathā sthūṇo mahāvrataḥ |
ulūko yamadūtaśca tatharṣiḥ saindhavāyanaḥ || 50 ||
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karṇajaṅghaśca bhagavāngālavaśca mahānṛṣiḥ |
ṛṣirvajrastathākhyātaḥ śālaṅkāyana eva ca || 51 ||
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lālāṭyo nāradaścaiva tathā kūrcamukhaḥ smṛtaḥ |
vādulirmusalaścaiva rakṣogrīvastathaiva ca || 52 ||
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aṅghriko naikabhṛccaiva śilāyūpaḥ sitaḥ śuciḥ |
cakrako mārutantavyo vātaghno'thāśvalāyanaḥ || 53 ||
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śyāmāyano'tha gārgyaśca jābāliḥ suśrutastathā |
kārīṣiratha saṃśrutyaḥ parapauravatantavaḥ || 54 ||
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mahānṛṣiśca kapilastatharṣistārakāyanaḥ |
tathaiva copagahanastatharṣiścārjunāyanaḥ || 55 ||
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mārgamitrirhiraṇyākṣo jaṅghārirbabhruvāhanaḥ |
sūtirvibhūtiḥ sūtaśca suraṅgaśca tathaiva hi || 56 ||
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ārāddhirnāmayaścaiva cāmpeyojjayanau tathā |
navatanturbakanakhaḥ śayonaratireva ca || 57 ||
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śayoruhaścārumatsyaḥ śirīṣī cātha gārdabhiḥ |
ujjayoniradāpekṣī nāradī ca mahānṛṣiḥ |
viśvāmitrātmajāḥ sarve munayo brahmavādinaḥ || 58 ||
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tannaiṣa kṣatriyo rājanviśvāmitro mahātapāḥ |
ṛcīkenāhitaṃ brahma parametadyudhiṣṭhira || 59 ||
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etatte sarvamākhyātaṃ tattvena bharatarṣabha |
viśvāmitrasya vai janma somasūryāgnitejasaḥ || 60 ||
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yatra yatra ca saṃdeho bhūyaste rājasattama |
tatra tatra ca māṃ brūhi cchettāsmi tava saṃśayān || 61 ||
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Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Chapter 4

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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