Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.339.18

यद्वै सूते धातुराद्यं निधानं तद्वै विप्राः प्रवदन्तेऽनिरुद्धम् ।
यद्वै लोके वैदिकं कर्म साधु आशीर्युक्तं तद्धि तस्योपभोज्यम् ॥ १८ ॥

yadvai sūte dhāturādyaṃ nidhānaṃ tadvai viprāḥ pravadante'niruddham |
yadvai loke vaidikaṃ karma sādhu āśīryuktaṃ taddhi tasyopabhojyam || 18 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...Lord of Uma, that master of all creatures, viz., the cheerful Siva, otherwise known by the name of Sreekantha, the son of Brahma. The illustrious Narayana is himself the promulgator of the cult, in its entirety...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.339.18). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Suta, Suti, Dhatri, Dhatu, Adya, Nidhana, Vipra, Pravat, Anta, Anti, Aniruddha, Loka, Vaidika, Karman, Sadhu, Ashi, Ashir, Ashis, Yuktam, Yukta, Tat, Tad, Upabhojya,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.339.18). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yadvai sūte dhāturādyaṃ nidhānaṃ tadvai viprāḥ pravadante'niruddham
  • yadvai -
  • sūte -
  • sūta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    sūta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    sūtā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    sūti (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    sūti (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    su -> sūta (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √su class 1 verb], [locative single from √su class 2 verb]
    su -> sūta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √su class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √su class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √su class 1 verb], [locative single from √su class 1 verb], [nominative dual from √su class 2 verb], [vocative dual from √su class 2 verb], [accusative dual from √su class 2 verb], [locative single from √su class 2 verb]
    su -> sūtā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √su class 1 verb], [vocative single from √su class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √su class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √su class 1 verb], [nominative dual from √su class 2 verb], [vocative single from √su class 2 verb], [vocative dual from √su class 2 verb], [accusative dual from √su class 2 verb]
    -> sūta (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √ class 6 verb]
    -> sūta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √ class 6 verb], [vocative dual from √ class 6 verb], [accusative dual from √ class 6 verb], [locative single from √ class 6 verb]
    -> sūtā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √ class 6 verb], [vocative single from √ class 6 verb], [vocative dual from √ class 6 verb], [accusative dual from √ class 6 verb]
    -> sūta (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √ class 2 verb]
    -> sūta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √ class 2 verb], [vocative dual from √ class 2 verb], [accusative dual from √ class 2 verb], [locative single from √ class 2 verb]
    -> sūtā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √ class 2 verb], [vocative single from √ class 2 verb], [vocative dual from √ class 2 verb], [accusative dual from √ class 2 verb]
    (verb class 2)
    [present middle third single]
  • dhātur -
  • dhātṛ (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    dhātu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    dhātu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ādyam -
  • ādya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ādya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    ādyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    ad -> ādya (participle, masculine)
    [adverb from √ad]
    ad -> ādya (participle, neuter)
    [adverb from √ad]
    ad -> ādyā (participle, feminine)
    [adverb from √ad]
    ad -> ādya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √ad]
    ad -> ādya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √ad], [accusative single from √ad]
  • nidhānam -
  • nidhāna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    nidhāna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    nidhānā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • tadvai -
  • viprāḥ -
  • vipra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    viprā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • pravad -
  • pravat (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    pravat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    pravat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • ante' -
  • anta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    anta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    antā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    anti (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    ant (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single]
  • aniruddham -
  • aniruddha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    aniruddha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    aniruddhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line 2: “yadvai loke vaidikaṃ karma sādhu āśīryuktaṃ taddhi tasyopabhojyam
  • yadvai -
  • loke -
  • loka (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    lok (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single]
  • vaidikam -
  • vaidika (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vaidika (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • karma -
  • karman (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • sādhu -
  • sādhu (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sādhu (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    sādhu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    sādhu (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • āśīr -
  • āśir (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    āśis (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    āśi (noun, feminine)
    [accusative plural]
    āśī (noun, feminine)
    [accusative plural]
  • yuktam -
  • yuktam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    yukta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    yukta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    yuktā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    yuj -> yukta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √yuj class 7 verb]
    yuj -> yukta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √yuj class 7 verb], [accusative single from √yuj class 7 verb]
  • taddh -
  • tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • tasyo -
  • tas -> tasya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √tas]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    tas (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • upabhojyam -
  • upabhojya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    upabhojya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    upabhojyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.339.18

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.339.18 in Kannada sript:
ಯದ್ವೈ ಸೂತೇ ಧಾತುರಾದ್ಯಂ ನಿಧಾನಂ ತದ್ವೈ ವಿಪ್ರಾಃ ಪ್ರವದನ್ತೇಽನಿರುದ್ಧಮ್ ।
ಯದ್ವೈ ಲೋಕೇ ವೈದಿಕಂ ಕರ್ಮ ಸಾಧು ಆಶೀರ್ಯುಕ್ತಂ ತದ್ಧಿ ತಸ್ಯೋಪಭೋಜ್ಯಮ್ ॥ ೧೮ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.339.18 in Bengali sript:
যদ্বৈ সূতে ধাতুরাদ্যং নিধানং তদ্বৈ বিপ্রাঃ প্রবদন্তেঽনিরুদ্ধম্ ।
যদ্বৈ লোকে বৈদিকং কর্ম সাধু আশীর্যুক্তং তদ্ধি তস্যোপভোজ্যম্ ॥ ১৮ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.339.18 in Gujarati sript:
યદ્વૈ સૂતે ધાતુરાદ્યં નિધાનં તદ્વૈ વિપ્રાઃ પ્રવદન્તેઽનિરુદ્ધમ્ ।
યદ્વૈ લોકે વૈદિકં કર્મ સાધુ આશીર્યુક્તં તદ્ધિ તસ્યોપભોજ્યમ્ ॥ ૧૮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.339.18 in Malayalam sript:
യദ്വൈ സൂതേ ധാതുരാദ്യം നിധാനം തദ്വൈ വിപ്രാഃ പ്രവദന്തേഽനിരുദ്ധമ് ।
യദ്വൈ ലോകേ വൈദികം കര്മ സാധു ആശീര്യുക്തം തദ്ധി തസ്യോപഭോജ്യമ് ॥ ൧൮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.339.18 in Telugu sript:
యద్వై సూతే ధాతురాద్యం నిధానం తద్వై విప్రాః ప్రవదన్తేఽనిరుద్ధమ్ ।
యద్వై లోకే వైదికం కర్మ సాధు ఆశీర్యుక్తం తద్ధి తస్యోపభోజ్యమ్ ॥ ౧౮ ॥

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