Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.336.31

ततः प्रावर्तत तदा आदौ कृतयुगं शुभम् ।
ततो हि सात्वतो धर्मो व्याप्य लोकानवस्थितः ॥ ३१ ॥

tataḥ prāvartata tadā ādau kṛtayugaṃ śubham |
tato hi sātvato dharmo vyāpya lokānavasthitaḥ || 31 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...Nivritti, in which there is no return, has Narayana for its high abode. The other religion which has Pravritti for its basis, has equally Narayana for its soul. The foremost of all the attributes that belong...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.336.31). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tatah, Tad, Tata, Prava, Rita, Tada, Adau, Ada, Adi, Kritayuga, Shubha, Shubh, Satvat, Satvata, Dharma, Vyapya, Loka, Avasthita,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.336.31). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tataḥ prāvartata tadā ādau kṛtayugaṃ śubham
  • tataḥ -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • prāvar -
  • prāva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    prāva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    prāvā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    prā (verb class 2)
    [imperative active first dual]
  • ṛta -
  • ṛta (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    ṛta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ṛta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ta -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tan (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
  • tadā* -
  • tadā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    tada (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • ādau -
  • ādau (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    āda (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    ādi (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ādi (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
  • kṛtayugam -
  • kṛtayuga (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • śubham -
  • śubha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    śubha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    śubhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    śubh (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “tato hi sātvato dharmo vyāpya lokānavasthitaḥ
  • tato* -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • sātvato* -
  • sātvat (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    sātvata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • dharmo* -
  • dharma (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • vyāpya -
  • vyāpya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vyāpya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • lokān -
  • loka (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • avasthitaḥ -
  • avasthita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.336.31

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.336.31 in Kannada sript:
ತತಃ ಪ್ರಾವರ್ತತ ತದಾ ಆದೌ ಕೃತಯುಗಂ ಶುಭಮ್ ।
ತತೋ ಹಿ ಸಾತ್ವತೋ ಧರ್ಮೋ ವ್ಯಾಪ್ಯ ಲೋಕಾನವಸ್ಥಿತಃ ॥ ೩೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.336.31 in Bengali sript:
ততঃ প্রাবর্তত তদা আদৌ কৃতযুগং শুভম্ ।
ততো হি সাত্বতো ধর্মো ব্যাপ্য লোকানবস্থিতঃ ॥ ৩১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.336.31 in Gujarati sript:
તતઃ પ્રાવર્તત તદા આદૌ કૃતયુગં શુભમ્ ।
તતો હિ સાત્વતો ધર્મો વ્યાપ્ય લોકાનવસ્થિતઃ ॥ ૩૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.336.31 in Malayalam sript:
തതഃ പ്രാവര്തത തദാ ആദൌ കൃതയുഗം ശുഭമ് ।
തതോ ഹി സാത്വതോ ധര്മോ വ്യാപ്യ ലോകാനവസ്ഥിതഃ ॥ ൩൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.336.31 in Telugu sript:
తతః ప్రావర్తత తదా ఆదౌ కృతయుగం శుభమ్ ।
తతో హి సాత్వతో ధర్మో వ్యాప్య లోకానవస్థితః ॥ ౩౧ ॥

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