Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.328.38

अधिभूतानि चान्तेऽहं तदिच्छंश्चास्मि भारत ।
क्रमणाच्चाप्यहं पार्थ विष्णुरित्यभिसंज्ञितः ॥ ३८ ॥

adhibhūtāni cānte'haṃ tadicchaṃścāsmi bhārata |
kramaṇāccāpyahaṃ pārtha viṣṇurityabhisaṃjñitaḥ || 38 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...cursed Hiranyakasipu, saying,—Since you dismissest me and appointest another person as your Hotri, this sacrifice of thine shall not be completed, and some Being the like of whom has not existed before will...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.328.38). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Adhibhuta, Tad, Yushmad, Aha, Asmad, Tat, Icchat, Bharata, Kramana, Capin, Capya, Partha, Vishnu, Iti, Itya, Abhisanjnita,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.328.38). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “adhibhūtāni cānte'haṃ tadicchaṃścāsmi bhārata
  • adhibhūtāni -
  • adhibhūta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • cān -
  • ca (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • te' -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • aham -
  • aha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [nominative single]
  • tad -
  • tad (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • icchaṃś -
  • iṣ -> icchat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √iṣ class 6 verb], [vocative single from √iṣ class 6 verb]
  • -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • asmi -
  • as (verb class 2)
    [present active first single]
  • bhārata -
  • bhārata (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bhārata (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “kramaṇāccāpyahaṃ pārtha viṣṇurityabhisaṃjñitaḥ
  • kramaṇāc -
  • kramaṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    kramaṇa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • cāpya -
  • cāpin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single]
    cāpin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ci -> cāpya (participle, masculine)
    [compound from √ci]
    ci -> cāpya (participle, neuter)
    [compound from √ci]
    ci -> cāpya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √ci]
    ci -> cāpya (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √ci]
    ci -> cāpya (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √ci]
  • aham -
  • aha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [nominative single]
  • pārtha -
  • pārtha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pārtha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • viṣṇur -
  • viṣṇu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    viṣṇu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • itya -
  • iti (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    iti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    itya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    itya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    i -> itya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √i]
    i -> itya (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √i class 2 verb]
    i -> itya (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √i class 2 verb]
  • abhisañjñitaḥ -
  • abhisañjñita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.328.38

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.328.38 in Kannada sript:
ಅಧಿಭೂತಾನಿ ಚಾನ್ತೇಽಹಂ ತದಿಚ್ಛಂಶ್ಚಾಸ್ಮಿ ಭಾರತ ।
ಕ್ರಮಣಾಚ್ಚಾಪ್ಯಹಂ ಪಾರ್ಥ ವಿಷ್ಣುರಿತ್ಯಭಿಸಂಜ್ಞಿತಃ ॥ ೩೮ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.328.38 in Bengali sript:
অধিভূতানি চান্তেঽহং তদিচ্ছংশ্চাস্মি ভারত ।
ক্রমণাচ্চাপ্যহং পার্থ বিষ্ণুরিত্যভিসংজ্ঞিতঃ ॥ ৩৮ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.328.38 in Gujarati sript:
અધિભૂતાનિ ચાન્તેઽહં તદિચ્છંશ્ચાસ્મિ ભારત ।
ક્રમણાચ્ચાપ્યહં પાર્થ વિષ્ણુરિત્યભિસંજ્ઞિતઃ ॥ ૩૮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.328.38 in Malayalam sript:
അധിഭൂതാനി ചാന്തേഽഹം തദിച്ഛംശ്ചാസ്മി ഭാരത ।
ക്രമണാച്ചാപ്യഹം പാര്ഥ വിഷ്ണുരിത്യഭിസംജ്ഞിതഃ ॥ ൩൮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.328.38 in Telugu sript:
అధిభూతాని చాన్తేఽహం తదిచ్ఛంశ్చాస్మి భారత ।
క్రమణాచ్చాప్యహం పార్థ విష్ణురిత్యభిసంజ్ఞితః ॥ ౩౮ ॥

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