Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.316.28

संवेष्ट्यमानं बहुभिर्मोहतन्तुभिरात्मजैः ।
कोशकारवदात्मानं वेष्टयन्नावबुध्यसे ॥ २८ ॥

saṃveṣṭyamānaṃ bahubhirmohatantubhirātmajaiḥ |
kośakāravadātmānaṃ veṣṭayannāvabudhyase || 28 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...disparity is observable in respect of the fruits that wait upon conjunctions of acts. Some are seen to bear vehicles on their shoulders, while some are seen to ride on those vehicles. All men are desirous of...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.316.28). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Veshtyamana, Bahu, Mohata, Bha, Rat, Koshakara, Vada, Mana, Veshtayat,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.316.28). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “saṃveṣṭyamānaṃ bahubhirmohatantubhirātmajaiḥ
  • saṃ -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • veṣṭyamānam -
  • veṣṭ -> veṣṭyamāna (participle, masculine)
    [adverb from √veṣṭ]
    veṣṭ -> veṣṭyamāna (participle, neuter)
    [adverb from √veṣṭ]
    veṣṭ -> veṣṭyamānā (participle, feminine)
    [adverb from √veṣṭ]
    veṣṭ -> veṣṭyamāna (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √veṣṭ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √veṣṭ]
    veṣṭ -> veṣṭyamāna (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √veṣṭ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √veṣṭ class 1 verb], [nominative single from √veṣṭ], [accusative single from √veṣṭ]
  • bahubhir -
  • bahu (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    bahu (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • mohatan -
  • mohata (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    mohata (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • bhi -
  • bhī (noun, feminine)
    bhā (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • rāt -
  • ra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    ra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    -> rāt (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √ class 2 verb], [vocative single from √ class 2 verb], [accusative single from √ class 2 verb]
  • ma -
  • ma (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ma (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • jaiḥ -
  • ja (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    ja (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • Line 2: “kośakāravadātmānaṃ veṣṭayannāvabudhyase
  • kośakāra -
  • kośakāra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kośakāra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vadāt -
  • vada (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    vada (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • mānam -
  • māna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    māna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    man -> māna (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √man class 4 verb], [accusative single from √man class 8 verb]
    man -> māna (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √man class 4 verb], [accusative single from √man class 4 verb], [nominative single from √man class 8 verb], [accusative single from √man class 8 verb]
  • veṣṭayann -
  • veṣṭ -> veṣṭayat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √veṣṭ], [vocative single from √veṣṭ]
  • āva -
  • av (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active second plural], [perfect active third single]
    u (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    u (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    u (verb class 5)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    āva (Preverb)
  • budhyase -
  • budh (verb class 1)
    [present passive second single]
    budh (verb class 4)
    [present middle second single], [present passive second single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.316.28

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.316.28 in Kannada sript:
ಸಂವೇಷ್ಟ್ಯಮಾನಂ ಬಹುಭಿರ್ಮೋಹತನ್ತುಭಿರಾತ್ಮಜೈಃ ।
ಕೋಶಕಾರವದಾತ್ಮಾನಂ ವೇಷ್ಟಯನ್ನಾವಬುಧ್ಯಸೇ ॥ ೨೮ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.316.28 in Bengali sript:
সংবেষ্ট্যমানং বহুভির্মোহতন্তুভিরাত্মজৈঃ ।
কোশকারবদাত্মানং বেষ্টযন্নাববুধ্যসে ॥ ২৮ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.316.28 in Gujarati sript:
સંવેષ્ટ્યમાનં બહુભિર્મોહતન્તુભિરાત્મજૈઃ ।
કોશકારવદાત્માનં વેષ્ટયન્નાવબુધ્યસે ॥ ૨૮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.316.28 in Malayalam sript:
സംവേഷ്ട്യമാനം ബഹുഭിര്മോഹതന്തുഭിരാത്മജൈഃ ।
കോശകാരവദാത്മാനം വേഷ്ടയന്നാവബുധ്യസേ ॥ ൨൮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.316.28 in Telugu sript:
సంవేష్ట్యమానం బహుభిర్మోహతన్తుభిరాత్మజైః ।
కోశకారవదాత్మానం వేష్టయన్నావబుధ్యసే ॥ ౨౮ ॥

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