Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.310.1

युधिष्ठिर उवाच ।
कथं व्यासस्य धर्मात्मा शुको जज्ञे महातपाः ।
सिद्धिं च परमां प्राप्तस्तन्मे ब्रूहि पितामह ॥ १ ॥

yudhiṣṭhira uvāca |
kathaṃ vyāsasya dharmātmā śuko jajñe mahātapāḥ |
siddhiṃ ca paramāṃ prāptastanme brūhi pitāmaha || 1 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...were presented to his eye. Bearing that burthen in his mind and ceaselessly dwelling upon it (viz., the desire of mastering the religion of Emancipation), Suka of cheerful soul and taking delight in internal...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.310.1). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yudhishthira, Katham, Katha, Vyasa, Dharmatman, Shuka, Jajni, Mahatapa, Mahatapas, Siddhi, Parama, Prapta, Pitamaha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.310.1). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yudhiṣṭhira uvāca
  • yudhiṣṭhira* -
  • yudhiṣṭhira (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • uvāca -
  • vac (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • Line 2: “kathaṃ vyāsasya dharmātmā śuko jajñe mahātapāḥ
  • katham -
  • katham (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    katham (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kathā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    katha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    katha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • vyāsasya -
  • vyāsa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    vyāsa (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • dharmātmā -
  • dharmātman (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • śuko* -
  • śuka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • jajñe -
  • jajñi (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    jajñi (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    jan (verb class 1)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
    jan (verb class 2)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
    jan (verb class 3)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
    jan (verb class 4)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
    jñā (verb class 3)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
    jñā (verb class 9)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
  • mahātapāḥ -
  • mahātapa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    mahātapā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    mahātapas (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 3: “siddhiṃ ca paramāṃ prāptastanme brūhi pitāmaha
  • siddhim -
  • siddhi (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • paramām -
  • paramā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • prāptas -
  • prāpta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tanme -
  • brūhi -
  • brū (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second single]
  • pitāmaha -
  • pitāmaha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.310.1

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.310.1 in Kannada sript:
ಯುಧಿಷ್ಠಿರ ಉವಾಚ ।
ಕಥಂ ವ್ಯಾಸಸ್ಯ ಧರ್ಮಾತ್ಮಾ ಶುಕೋ ಜಜ್ಞೇ ಮಹಾತಪಾಃ ।
ಸಿದ್ಧಿಂ ಚ ಪರಮಾಂ ಪ್ರಾಪ್ತಸ್ತನ್ಮೇ ಬ್ರೂಹಿ ಪಿತಾಮಹ ॥ ೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.310.1 in Bengali sript:
যুধিষ্ঠির উবাচ ।
কথং ব্যাসস্য ধর্মাত্মা শুকো জজ্ঞে মহাতপাঃ ।
সিদ্ধিং চ পরমাং প্রাপ্তস্তন্মে ব্রূহি পিতামহ ॥ ১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.310.1 in Gujarati sript:
યુધિષ્ઠિર ઉવાચ ।
કથં વ્યાસસ્ય ધર્માત્મા શુકો જજ્ઞે મહાતપાઃ ।
સિદ્ધિં ચ પરમાં પ્રાપ્તસ્તન્મે બ્રૂહિ પિતામહ ॥ ૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.310.1 in Malayalam sript:
യുധിഷ്ഠിര ഉവാച ।
കഥം വ്യാസസ്യ ധര്മാത്മാ ശുകോ ജജ്ഞേ മഹാതപാഃ ।
സിദ്ധിം ച പരമാം പ്രാപ്തസ്തന്മേ ബ്രൂഹി പിതാമഹ ॥ ൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.310.1 in Telugu sript:
యుధిష్ఠిర ఉవాచ ।
కథం వ్యాసస్య ధర్మాత్మా శుకో జజ్ఞే మహాతపాః ।
సిద్ధిం చ పరమాం ప్రాప్తస్తన్మే బ్రూహి పితామహ ॥ ౧ ॥

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