Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.309.87

संचिनोत्यशुभं कर्म कलत्रापेक्षया नरः ।
ततः क्लेशमवाप्नोति परत्रेह तथैव च ॥ ८७ ॥

saṃcinotyaśubhaṃ karma kalatrāpekṣayā naraḥ |
tataḥ kleśamavāpnoti paratreha tathaiva ca || 87 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview. the name of Bharata. Having seen many countries inhabited by Chins and Huns, the great ascetic at last reached Aryavarta. In obedience to the commands of his sire and bearing them constantly in his mind,...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.309.87). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Ashubha, Karman, Kalatra, Apekshaya, Apeksha, Nara, Nri, Tatah, Tad, Tata, Klesha, Ava, Paratra, Iha, Tatha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.309.87). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “saṃcinotyaśubhaṃ karma kalatrāpekṣayā naraḥ
  • sañ -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    sam (Preverb)
  • cinotya -
  • ci (verb class 5)
    [present active third single]
  • aśubham -
  • aśubha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    aśubha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    aśubhā (noun, feminine)
    śubh (verb class 6)
    [imperfect active first single]
  • karma -
  • karman (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • kalatrā -
  • kalatra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • apekṣayā -
  • apekṣayā (indeclinable)
    apekṣā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
  • naraḥ -
  • nara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    nṛ (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • Line 2: “tataḥ kleśamavāpnoti paratreha tathaiva ca
  • tataḥ -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • kleśam -
  • kleśa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • avā -
  • ava (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    o (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [instrumental single]
    u (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    av (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
    u (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
    ava (Preverb)
    avā (Preverb)
  • āpnoti -
  • āp (verb class 5)
    [present active third single]
  • paratre -
  • paratra (indeclinable)
  • iha -
  • iha (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iha (indeclinable)
  • tathai -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    tatha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tatha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.309.87

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.309.87 in Kannada sript:
ಸಂಚಿನೋತ್ಯಶುಭಂ ಕರ್ಮ ಕಲತ್ರಾಪೇಕ್ಷಯಾ ನರಃ ।
ತತಃ ಕ್ಲೇಶಮವಾಪ್ನೋತಿ ಪರತ್ರೇಹ ತಥೈವ ಚ ॥ ೮೭ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.309.87 in Bengali sript:
সংচিনোত্যশুভং কর্ম কলত্রাপেক্ষযা নরঃ ।
ততঃ ক্লেশমবাপ্নোতি পরত্রেহ তথৈব চ ॥ ৮৭ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.309.87 in Gujarati sript:
સંચિનોત્યશુભં કર્મ કલત્રાપેક્ષયા નરઃ ।
તતઃ ક્લેશમવાપ્નોતિ પરત્રેહ તથૈવ ચ ॥ ૮૭ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.309.87 in Malayalam sript:
സംചിനോത്യശുഭം കര്മ കലത്രാപേക്ഷയാ നരഃ ।
തതഃ ക്ലേശമവാപ്നോതി പരത്രേഹ തഥൈവ ച ॥ ൮൭ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 12.309.87 in Telugu sript:
సంచినోత్యశుభం కర్మ కలత్రాపేక్షయా నరః ।
తతః క్లేశమవాప్నోతి పరత్రేహ తథైవ చ ॥ ౮౭ ॥

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