Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.308.152

तदल्पसुखमत्यर्थं बहुदुःखमसारवत् ।
को राज्यमभिपद्येत प्राप्य चोपशमं लभेत् ॥ १५२ ॥

tadalpasukhamatyarthaṃ bahuduḥkhamasāravat |
ko rājyamabhipadyeta prāpya copaśamaṃ labhet || 152 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...weakens your body and robs you of your strength and limbs and beauty. Do you, therefore, seek that one only treasure. Very soon the Destroyer, with Disease for his charioteer, will with a strong hand, for taking...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.308.152). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tad, Tat, Alpa, Sukhamati, Artha, Bahu, Duhkham, Duhkha, Kah, Rajya, Abhi, Prapya, Shama,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.308.152). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tadalpasukhamatyarthaṃ bahuduḥkhamasāravat
  • tad -
  • tad (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • alpa -
  • alpa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    alpa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sukhamatya -
  • sukhamati (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    sukhamati (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    sukhamati (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    sukhamatī (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    sukhamatī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    sukhamatī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • artham -
  • artha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    artha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • bahu -
  • bahu (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    bahu (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    bahu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    bahu (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • duḥkham -
  • duḥkham (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    duḥkha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    duḥkha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    duḥkhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • asā -
  • asan (noun, neuter)
    [compound]
  • aravat -
  • ru (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active third single]
  • Line 2: “ko rājyamabhipadyeta prāpya copaśamaṃ labhet
  • ko* -
  • kaḥ (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    ka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    kaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • rājyam -
  • rājya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    rājya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    rājyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    rāj -> rājya (participle, masculine)
    [adverb from √rāj]
    rāj -> rājya (participle, neuter)
    [adverb from √rāj]
    rāj -> rājyā (participle, feminine)
    [adverb from √rāj]
    rāj -> rājya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [accusative single from √rāj]
    rāj -> rājya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [accusative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [nominative single from √rāj], [accusative single from √rāj]
  • abhi -
  • abhi (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    abhi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    abhi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    abhi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    abhī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    abhī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    abhī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    abhi (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • padyeta -
  • pad (verb class 4)
    [optative middle third single], [optative passive third single]
    pad (verb class 1)
    [optative passive third single]
  • prāpya -
  • prāpya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    prāpya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • copa -
  • cup (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • śamam -
  • śama (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    śama (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    śamā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • labhet -
  • labh (verb class 1)
    [optative active third single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.308.152

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.308.152 in Kannada sript:
ತದಲ್ಪಸುಖಮತ್ಯರ್ಥಂ ಬಹುದುಃಖಮಸಾರವತ್ ।
ಕೋ ರಾಜ್ಯಮಭಿಪದ್ಯೇತ ಪ್ರಾಪ್ಯ ಚೋಪಶಮಂ ಲಭೇತ್ ॥ ೧೫೨ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.308.152 in Bengali sript:
তদল্পসুখমত্যর্থং বহুদুঃখমসারবত্ ।
কো রাজ্যমভিপদ্যেত প্রাপ্য চোপশমং লভেত্ ॥ ১৫২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.308.152 in Gujarati sript:
તદલ્પસુખમત્યર્થં બહુદુઃખમસારવત્ ।
કો રાજ્યમભિપદ્યેત પ્રાપ્ય ચોપશમં લભેત્ ॥ ૧૫૨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.308.152 in Malayalam sript:
തദല്പസുഖമത്യര്ഥം ബഹുദുഃഖമസാരവത് ।
കോ രാജ്യമഭിപദ്യേത പ്രാപ്യ ചോപശമം ലഭേത് ॥ ൧൫൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.308.152 in Telugu sript:
తదల్పసుఖమత్యర్థం బహుదుఃఖమసారవత్ ।
కో రాజ్యమభిపద్యేత ప్రాప్య చోపశమం లభేత్ ॥ ౧౫౨ ॥

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