Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.303.5

अनेन कारणेनैतदव्यक्तं स्यादचेतनम् ।
नित्यत्वादक्षरत्वाच्च क्षराणां तत्त्वतोऽन्यथा ॥ ५ ॥

anena kāraṇenaitadavyaktaṃ syādacetanam |
nityatvādakṣaratvācca kṣarāṇāṃ tattvato'nyathā || 5 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...is Indestructible, and what is Destructible? These were the excellent questions put to me by that foremost of Gandharvas. After king Visvavasu, that foremost of Gandharvas, had asked me these questions one after...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.303.5). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Ana, Anena, Idam, Karana, Etad, Avyaktam, Avyakta, Syat, Sya, Acetana, Nityatva, Vat, Kshara, Tattvatah, Tattvata, Anyatha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.303.5). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “anena kāraṇenaitadavyaktaṃ syādacetanam
  • anena -
  • anena (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    anena (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ana (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    idam (pronoun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    idam (pronoun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • kāraṇenai -
  • kāraṇa (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • etad -
  • etad (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    etad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    etad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • avyaktam -
  • avyaktam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    avyakta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    avyakta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    avyaktā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • syād -
  • syāt (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    syāt (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    as (verb class 2)
    [optative active third single]
  • acetanam -
  • acetana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    acetana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    acetanā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line 2: “nityatvādakṣaratvācca kṣarāṇāṃ tattvato'nyathā
  • nityatvād -
  • nityatva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • akṣarat -
  • kṣar (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active third single]
  • vāc -
  • va (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    va (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    -> vāt (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √ class 2 verb], [vocative single from √ class 2 verb], [accusative single from √ class 2 verb]
    -> vāt (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √ class 1 verb], [vocative single from √ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √ class 1 verb]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kṣarāṇām -
  • kṣara (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    kṣara (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    kṣarā (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
  • tattvato' -
  • tattvataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tattvata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • anyathā -
  • anyathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    anyathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.303.5

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.303.5 in Kannada sript:
ಅನೇನ ಕಾರಣೇನೈತದವ್ಯಕ್ತಂ ಸ್ಯಾದಚೇತನಮ್ ।
ನಿತ್ಯತ್ವಾದಕ್ಷರತ್ವಾಚ್ಚ ಕ್ಷರಾಣಾಂ ತತ್ತ್ವತೋಽನ್ಯಥಾ ॥ ೫ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.303.5 in Bengali sript:
অনেন কারণেনৈতদব্যক্তং স্যাদচেতনম্ ।
নিত্যত্বাদক্ষরত্বাচ্চ ক্ষরাণাং তত্ত্বতোঽন্যথা ॥ ৫ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.303.5 in Gujarati sript:
અનેન કારણેનૈતદવ્યક્તં સ્યાદચેતનમ્ ।
નિત્યત્વાદક્ષરત્વાચ્ચ ક્ષરાણાં તત્ત્વતોઽન્યથા ॥ ૫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.303.5 in Malayalam sript:
അനേന കാരണേനൈതദവ്യക്തം സ്യാദചേതനമ് ।
നിത്യത്വാദക്ഷരത്വാച്ച ക്ഷരാണാം തത്ത്വതോഽന്യഥാ ॥ ൫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.303.5 in Telugu sript:
అనేన కారణేనైతదవ్యక్తం స్యాదచేతనమ్ ।
నిత్యత్వాదక్షరత్వాచ్చ క్షరాణాం తత్త్వతోఽన్యథా ॥ ౫ ॥

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