Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.301.8

जिह्वामध्यात्ममित्याहुर्यथातत्त्वनिदर्शनम् ।
रस एवाधिभूतं तु आपस्तत्राधिदैवतम् ॥ ८ ॥

jihvāmadhyātmamityāhuryathātattvanidarśanam |
rasa evādhibhūtaṃ tu āpastatrādhidaivatam || 8 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...Candramas. If through arms, the man goes to the region of Indra, and if through the chest, to that of Rudra. If through the neck, the man repairs to the excellent region of that foremost of ascetics known by...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.301.8). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Jihvamadhya, Iti, Itya, Yatha, Tattva, Nidarshana, Rasa, Eva, Adhibhutam, Adhibhuta, Apa, Apas, Tatra, Adhidaivata,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.301.8). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “jihvāmadhyātmamityāhuryathātattvanidarśanam
  • jihvāmadhyāt -
  • jihvāmadhya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    jihvāmadhya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • mam -
  • ma (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ma (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ityā -
  • iti (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    iti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [instrumental single]
    itya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    itya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    i -> itya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √i]
    ityā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    i -> itya (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √i class 2 verb]
    i -> itya (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √i class 2 verb]
    i -> ityā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb]
  • āhur -
  • ah (verb class 5)
    [perfect active third plural]
  • yathā -
  • yathā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yathā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • tattva -
  • tattva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • nidarśanam -
  • nidarśana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    nidarśana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    nidarśanā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line 2: “rasa evādhibhūtaṃ tu āpastatrādhidaivatam
  • rasa* -
  • rasa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • evā -
  • eva (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    evā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • adhibhūtam -
  • adhibhūtam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    adhibhūta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • āpas -
  • āpas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ap (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    āpa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    āp (verb class 5)
    [aorist active second single]
  • tatrā -
  • tatra (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tatra (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tatra (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • adhidaivatam -
  • adhidaivata (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.301.8

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.301.8 in Kannada sript:
ಜಿಹ್ವಾಮಧ್ಯಾತ್ಮಮಿತ್ಯಾಹುರ್ಯಥಾತತ್ತ್ವನಿದರ್ಶನಮ್ ।
ರಸ ಏವಾಧಿಭೂತಂ ತು ಆಪಸ್ತತ್ರಾಧಿದೈವತಮ್ ॥ ೮ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.301.8 in Bengali sript:
জিহ্বামধ্যাত্মমিত্যাহুর্যথাতত্ত্বনিদর্শনম্ ।
রস এবাধিভূতং তু আপস্তত্রাধিদৈবতম্ ॥ ৮ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.301.8 in Gujarati sript:
જિહ્વામધ્યાત્મમિત્યાહુર્યથાતત્ત્વનિદર્શનમ્ ।
રસ એવાધિભૂતં તુ આપસ્તત્રાધિદૈવતમ્ ॥ ૮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.301.8 in Malayalam sript:
ജിഹ്വാമധ്യാത്മമിത്യാഹുര്യഥാതത്ത്വനിദര്ശനമ് ।
രസ ഏവാധിഭൂതം തു ആപസ്തത്രാധിദൈവതമ് ॥ ൮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.301.8 in Telugu sript:
జిహ్వామధ్యాత్మమిత్యాహుర్యథాతత్త్వనిదర్శనమ్ ।
రస ఏవాధిభూతం తు ఆపస్తత్రాధిదైవతమ్ ॥ ౮ ॥

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: