Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.301.6

चक्षुरध्यात्ममित्याहुर्यथाश्रुतिनिदर्शनम् ।
रूपमत्राधिभूतं तु सूर्यस्तत्राधिदैवतम् ॥ ६ ॥

cakṣuradhyātmamityāhuryathāśrutinidarśanam |
rūpamatrādhibhūtaṃ tu sūryastatrādhidaivatam || 6 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...regions of the Vasus. if through the knees, he attains to the companionship of those deities that are called Sadhyas. If through the lower duct, the man attains to the regions of Mitra. If through the posteriors...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.301.6). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Cakshu, Cakshus, Adhyatmam, Adhyatma, Iti, Itya, Yathashruti, Nidarshana, Rupa, Atra, Adhibhutam, Adhibhuta, Suri, Surya, Tatra, Adhidaivata,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.301.6). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “cakṣuradhyātmamityāhuryathāśrutinidarśanam
  • cakṣur -
  • cakṣus (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    cakṣus (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    cakṣu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    kṣai (verb class 1)
    [perfect active third plural]
  • adhyātmam -
  • adhyātmam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    adhyātma (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    adhyātma (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    adhyātmā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ityā -
  • iti (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    iti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [instrumental single]
    itya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    itya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    i -> itya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √i]
    ityā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    i -> itya (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √i class 2 verb]
    i -> itya (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √i class 2 verb]
    i -> ityā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb]
  • āhur -
  • ah (verb class 5)
    [perfect active third plural]
  • yathāśruti -
  • yathāśruti (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • nidarśanam -
  • nidarśana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    nidarśana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    nidarśanā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line 2: “rūpamatrādhibhūtaṃ tu sūryastatrādhidaivatam
  • rūpam -
  • rūpa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    rūpa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    rūpā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • atrā -
  • atra (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    atra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    atra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    atrā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • adhibhūtam -
  • adhibhūtam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    adhibhūta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • sūryas -
  • sūrī (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    sūrya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    sūr -> sūrya (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √sūr class 4 verb], [nominative single from √sūr class 10 verb]
  • tatrā -
  • tatra (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tatra (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tatra (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • adhidaivatam -
  • adhidaivata (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.301.6

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.301.6 in Kannada sript:
ಚಕ್ಷುರಧ್ಯಾತ್ಮಮಿತ್ಯಾಹುರ್ಯಥಾಶ್ರುತಿನಿದರ್ಶನಮ್ ।
ರೂಪಮತ್ರಾಧಿಭೂತಂ ತು ಸೂರ್ಯಸ್ತತ್ರಾಧಿದೈವತಮ್ ॥ ೬ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.301.6 in Bengali sript:
চক্ষুরধ্যাত্মমিত্যাহুর্যথাশ্রুতিনিদর্শনম্ ।
রূপমত্রাধিভূতং তু সূর্যস্তত্রাধিদৈবতম্ ॥ ৬ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.301.6 in Gujarati sript:
ચક્ષુરધ્યાત્મમિત્યાહુર્યથાશ્રુતિનિદર્શનમ્ ।
રૂપમત્રાધિભૂતં તુ સૂર્યસ્તત્રાધિદૈવતમ્ ॥ ૬ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.301.6 in Malayalam sript:
ചക്ഷുരധ്യാത്മമിത്യാഹുര്യഥാശ്രുതിനിദര്ശനമ് ।
രൂപമത്രാധിഭൂതം തു സൂര്യസ്തത്രാധിദൈവതമ് ॥ ൬ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.301.6 in Telugu sript:
చక్షురధ్యాత్మమిత్యాహుర్యథాశ్రుతినిదర్శనమ్ ।
రూపమత్రాధిభూతం తు సూర్యస్తత్రాధిదైవతమ్ ॥ ౬ ॥

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