Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.301.3

उपस्थोऽध्यात्ममित्याहुर्यथायोगनिदर्शनम् ।
अधिभूतं तथानन्दो दैवतं च प्रजापतिः ॥ ३ ॥

upastho'dhyātmamityāhuryathāyoganidarśanam |
adhibhūtaṃ tathānando daivataṃ ca prajāpatiḥ || 3 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...thick Darkness. It is by this means that he attains, after many years, to Emancipation after casting off this inanimate body. Even this is what the eternal Sruti declares. This is called the Yoga of the Yogins...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.301.3). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Upastha, Adhyatmam, Adhyatma, Iti, Itya, Yatha, Ayoga, Nidarshana, Adhibhutam, Adhibhuta, Tatha, Anda, Daivata, Prajapati,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.301.3). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “upastho'dhyātmamityāhuryathāyoganidarśanam
  • upastho' -
  • upastha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • adhyātmam -
  • adhyātmam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    adhyātma (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    adhyātma (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    adhyātmā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ityā -
  • iti (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    iti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [instrumental single]
    itya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    itya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    i -> itya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √i]
    ityā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    i -> itya (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √i class 2 verb]
    i -> itya (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √i class 2 verb]
    i -> ityā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb]
  • āhur -
  • ah (verb class 5)
    [perfect active third plural]
  • yathā -
  • yathā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yathā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • ayoga -
  • ayoga (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ayoga (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • nidarśanam -
  • nidarśana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    nidarśana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    nidarśanā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line 2: “adhibhūtaṃ tathānando daivataṃ ca prajāpatiḥ
  • adhibhūtam -
  • adhibhūtam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    adhibhūta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • tathān -
  • tatha (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • ando* -
  • anda (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • daivatam -
  • daivata (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    daivata (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    daivatā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • prajāpatiḥ -
  • prajāpati (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.301.3

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.301.3 in Kannada sript:
ಉಪಸ್ಥೋಽಧ್ಯಾತ್ಮಮಿತ್ಯಾಹುರ್ಯಥಾಯೋಗನಿದರ್ಶನಮ್ ।
ಅಧಿಭೂತಂ ತಥಾನನ್ದೋ ದೈವತಂ ಚ ಪ್ರಜಾಪತಿಃ ॥ ೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.301.3 in Bengali sript:
উপস্থোঽধ্যাত্মমিত্যাহুর্যথাযোগনিদর্শনম্ ।
অধিভূতং তথানন্দো দৈবতং চ প্রজাপতিঃ ॥ ৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.301.3 in Gujarati sript:
ઉપસ્થોઽધ્યાત્મમિત્યાહુર્યથાયોગનિદર્શનમ્ ।
અધિભૂતં તથાનન્દો દૈવતં ચ પ્રજાપતિઃ ॥ ૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.301.3 in Malayalam sript:
ഉപസ്ഥോഽധ്യാത്മമിത്യാഹുര്യഥായോഗനിദര്ശനമ് ।
അധിഭൂതം തഥാനന്ദോ ദൈവതം ച പ്രജാപതിഃ ॥ ൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.301.3 in Telugu sript:
ఉపస్థోఽధ్యాత్మమిత్యాహుర్యథాయోగనిదర్శనమ్ ।
అధిభూతం తథానన్దో దైవతం చ ప్రజాపతిః ॥ ౩ ॥

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