Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.301.1

याज्ञवल्क्य उवाच ।
पादावध्यात्ममित्याहुर्ब्राह्मणास्तत्त्वदर्शिनः ।
गन्तव्यमधिभूतं च विष्णुस्तत्राधिदैवतम् ॥ १ ॥

yājñavalkya uvāca |
pādāvadhyātmamityāhurbrāhmaṇāstattvadarśinaḥ |
gantavyamadhibhūtaṃ ca viṣṇustatrādhidaivatam || 1 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...been concentrated and when he beholds the Supreme Soul in Samadhi, does not, in consequence of the entire stoppage of the functions of his senses at such a time, move in the slightest degree. Even these should...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.301.1). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yajnavalkya, Pada, Padu, Adhyatmam, Adhyatma, Iti, Itya, Brahmana, Tattvadarshin, Tattvadarshi, Gantavya, Adhibhutam, Adhibhuta, Vishnu, Tatra, Adhidaivata,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.301.1). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yājñavalkya uvāca
  • yājñavalkya* -
  • yājñavalkya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • uvāca -
  • vac (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • Line 2: “pādāvadhyātmamityāhurbrāhmaṇāstattvadarśinaḥ
  • pādāva -
  • pāda (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    pādu (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • adhyātmam -
  • adhyātmam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    adhyātma (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    adhyātma (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    adhyātmā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ityā -
  • iti (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    iti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [instrumental single]
    itya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    itya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    i -> itya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √i]
    ityā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    i -> itya (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √i class 2 verb]
    i -> itya (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √i class 2 verb]
    i -> ityā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb]
  • āhur -
  • ah (verb class 5)
    [perfect active third plural]
  • brāhmaṇās -
  • brāhmaṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    brāhmaṇā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • tattvadarśinaḥ -
  • tattvadarśin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    tattvadarśin (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    tattvadarśī (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • Line 3: “gantavyamadhibhūtaṃ ca viṣṇustatrādhidaivatam
  • gantavyam -
  • gantavya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    gantavya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    gantavyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • adhibhūtam -
  • adhibhūtam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    adhibhūta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • viṣṇus -
  • viṣṇu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    viṣṇu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tatrā -
  • tatra (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tatra (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tatra (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • adhidaivatam -
  • adhidaivata (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.301.1

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.301.1 in Kannada sript:
ಯಾಜ್ಞವಲ್ಕ್ಯ ಉವಾಚ ।
ಪಾದಾವಧ್ಯಾತ್ಮಮಿತ್ಯಾಹುರ್ಬ್ರಾಹ್ಮಣಾಸ್ತತ್ತ್ವದರ್ಶಿನಃ ।
ಗನ್ತವ್ಯಮಧಿಭೂತಂ ಚ ವಿಷ್ಣುಸ್ತತ್ರಾಧಿದೈವತಮ್ ॥ ೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.301.1 in Bengali sript:
যাজ্ঞবল্ক্য উবাচ ।
পাদাবধ্যাত্মমিত্যাহুর্ব্রাহ্মণাস্তত্ত্বদর্শিনঃ ।
গন্তব্যমধিভূতং চ বিষ্ণুস্তত্রাধিদৈবতম্ ॥ ১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.301.1 in Gujarati sript:
યાજ્ઞવલ્ક્ય ઉવાચ ।
પાદાવધ્યાત્મમિત્યાહુર્બ્રાહ્મણાસ્તત્ત્વદર્શિનઃ ।
ગન્તવ્યમધિભૂતં ચ વિષ્ણુસ્તત્રાધિદૈવતમ્ ॥ ૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.301.1 in Malayalam sript:
യാജ്ഞവല്ക്യ ഉവാച ।
പാദാവധ്യാത്മമിത്യാഹുര്ബ്രാഹ്മണാസ്തത്ത്വദര്ശിനഃ ।
ഗന്തവ്യമധിഭൂതം ച വിഷ്ണുസ്തത്രാധിദൈവതമ് ॥ ൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.301.1 in Telugu sript:
యాజ్ఞవల్క్య ఉవాచ ।
పాదావధ్యాత్మమిత్యాహుర్బ్రాహ్మణాస్తత్త్వదర్శినః ।
గన్తవ్యమధిభూతం చ విష్ణుస్తత్రాధిదైవతమ్ ॥ ౧ ॥

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