Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.290.103

ज्ञानं महद्यद्धि महत्सु राजन्वेदेषु सांख्येषु तथैव योगे ।
यच्चापि दृष्टं विविधं पुराणं सांख्यागतं तन्निखिलं नरेन्द्र ॥ १०३ ॥

jñānaṃ mahadyaddhi mahatsu rājanvedeṣu sāṃkhyeṣu tathaiva yoge |
yaccāpi dṛṣṭaṃ vividhaṃ purāṇaṃ sāṃkhyāgataṃ tannikhilaṃ narendra || 103 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...it will take many long years before I can come back to the status of humanity. From humanity I shall attain to the status of the gods. From that superior status I shall have to come back again to humanity and...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.290.103). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Jnana, Mahat, Yat, Yad, Rajan, Rajat, Veda, Sankhya, Tatha, Yoga, Capin, Drishta, Vividham, Vividha, Purana, Agata, Tat, Tad, Tan, Nikhila, Narendra,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.290.103). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “jñānaṃ mahadyaddhi mahatsu rājanvedeṣu sāṃkhyeṣu tathaiva yoge
  • jñānam -
  • jñāna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    jñānā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • mahad -
  • atimahat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    mahat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • yaddh -
  • yat (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb], [accusative single from √i class 2 verb]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • mahatsu -
  • mahat (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    mahat (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • rājan -
  • rājan (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    rāj -> rājat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [vocative single from √rāj class 1 verb]
  • vedeṣu -
  • veda (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
  • sāṅkhyeṣu -
  • sāṅkhya (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    sāṅkhya (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • tathai -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tatha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tatha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • yoge -
  • yoga (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    yogā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • Line 2: “yaccāpi dṛṣṭaṃ vividhaṃ purāṇaṃ sāṃkhyāgataṃ tannikhilaṃ narendra
  • yac -
  • yat (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb], [accusative single from √i class 2 verb]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • cāpi -
  • cāpin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    cāpin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • dṛṣṭam -
  • dṛṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dṛṣṭa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    dṛṣṭā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    dṛś -> dṛṣṭa (participle, masculine)
    [adverb from √dṛś]
    dṛś -> dṛṣṭa (participle, neuter)
    [adverb from √dṛś]
    dṛś -> dṛṣṭā (participle, feminine)
    [adverb from √dṛś]
    dṛś -> dṛṣṭa (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √dṛś class 1 verb]
    dṛś -> dṛṣṭa (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √dṛś class 1 verb], [accusative single from √dṛś class 1 verb]
  • vividham -
  • vividham (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    vividha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vividha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vividhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • purāṇam -
  • purāṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    purāṇa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • sāṅkhyā -
  • sāṅkhya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sāṅkhya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sāṅkhyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • agatam -
  • agata (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    agata (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    agatā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    ag (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second dual]
  • tan -
  • tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    tan (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • nikhilam -
  • nikhila (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    nikhila (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    nikhilā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • narendra -
  • narendra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.290.103

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.290.103 in Kannada sript:
ಜ್ಞಾನಂ ಮಹದ್ಯದ್ಧಿ ಮಹತ್ಸು ರಾಜನ್ವೇದೇಷು ಸಾಂಖ್ಯೇಷು ತಥೈವ ಯೋಗೇ ।
ಯಚ್ಚಾಪಿ ದೃಷ್ಟಂ ವಿವಿಧಂ ಪುರಾಣಂ ಸಾಂಖ್ಯಾಗತಂ ತನ್ನಿಖಿಲಂ ನರೇನ್ದ್ರ ॥ ೧೦೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.290.103 in Bengali sript:
জ্ঞানং মহদ্যদ্ধি মহত্সু রাজন্বেদেষু সাংখ্যেষু তথৈব যোগে ।
যচ্চাপি দৃষ্টং বিবিধং পুরাণং সাংখ্যাগতং তন্নিখিলং নরেন্দ্র ॥ ১০৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.290.103 in Gujarati sript:
જ્ઞાનં મહદ્યદ્ધિ મહત્સુ રાજન્વેદેષુ સાંખ્યેષુ તથૈવ યોગે ।
યચ્ચાપિ દૃષ્ટં વિવિધં પુરાણં સાંખ્યાગતં તન્નિખિલં નરેન્દ્ર ॥ ૧૦૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.290.103 in Malayalam sript:
ജ്ഞാനം മഹദ്യദ്ധി മഹത്സു രാജന്വേദേഷു സാംഖ്യേഷു തഥൈവ യോഗേ ।
യച്ചാപി ദൃഷ്ടം വിവിധം പുരാണം സാംഖ്യാഗതം തന്നിഖിലം നരേന്ദ്ര ॥ ൧൦൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.290.103 in Telugu sript:
జ్ఞానం మహద్యద్ధి మహత్సు రాజన్వేదేషు సాంఖ్యేషు తథైవ యోగే ।
యచ్చాపి దృష్టం వివిధం పురాణం సాంఖ్యాగతం తన్నిఖిలం నరేన్ద్ర ॥ ౧౦౩ ॥

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