Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.290.3

भीष्म उवाच ।
शृणु मे त्वमिदं शुद्धं सांख्यानां विदितात्मनाम् ।
विहितं यतिभिर्बुद्धैः कपिलादिभिरीश्वरैः ॥ ३ ॥

bhīṣma uvāca |
śṛṇu me tvamidaṃ śuddhaṃ sāṃkhyānāṃ viditātmanām |
vihitaṃ yatibhirbuddhaiḥ kapilādibhirīśvaraiḥ || 3 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...the cause of the creation of the universe. It stands in fulness. It is without deterioration of any kind. It is uniform, and everlasting. Thus are its praises sung by the wise. From it flow creation and destruction...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.290.3). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Bhishma, Asmad, Tva, Yushmad, Idam, Shuddha, Sankhya, Vidita, Mana, Vihita, Yati, Yatin, Buddha, Kapila, Ishvara,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.290.3). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “bhīṣma uvāca
  • bhīṣma* -
  • bhīṣma (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • uvāca -
  • vac (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • Line 2: “śṛṇu me tvamidaṃ śuddhaṃ sāṃkhyānāṃ viditātmanām
  • śṛṇu -
  • śru (verb class 5)
    [imperative active second single]
  • me -
  • ma (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ma (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • tvam -
  • tva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    tva (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [nominative single]
  • idam -
  • idam (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • śuddham -
  • śuddha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    śuddha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    śuddhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    śudh -> śuddha (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √śudh class 1 verb], [accusative single from √śudh class 4 verb]
    śudh -> śuddha (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √śudh class 1 verb], [accusative single from √śudh class 1 verb], [nominative single from √śudh class 4 verb], [accusative single from √śudh class 4 verb]
  • sāṅkhyānām -
  • sāṅkhya (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    sāṅkhya (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    sāṅkhyā (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
  • viditāt -
  • vidita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    vidita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    vid -> vidita (participle, masculine)
    [ablative single from √vid class 2 verb]
    vid -> vidita (participle, neuter)
    [ablative single from √vid class 2 verb]
  • manām -
  • manā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • Line 3: “vihitaṃ yatibhirbuddhaiḥ kapilādibhirīśvaraiḥ
  • vihitam -
  • vihita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vihita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vihitā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • yatibhir -
  • yati (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    yatin (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    yati (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • buddhaiḥ -
  • buddha (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    buddha (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • kapilād -
  • kapila (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    kapila (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • ibhir -
  • i (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • īśvaraiḥ -
  • īśvara (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    īśvara (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.290.3

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.290.3 in Kannada sript:
ಭೀಷ್ಮ ಉವಾಚ ।
ಶೃಣು ಮೇ ತ್ವಮಿದಂ ಶುದ್ಧಂ ಸಾಂಖ್ಯಾನಾಂ ವಿದಿತಾತ್ಮನಾಮ್ ।
ವಿಹಿತಂ ಯತಿಭಿರ್ಬುದ್ಧೈಃ ಕಪಿಲಾದಿಭಿರೀಶ್ವರೈಃ ॥ ೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.290.3 in Bengali sript:
ভীষ্ম উবাচ ।
শৃণু মে ত্বমিদং শুদ্ধং সাংখ্যানাং বিদিতাত্মনাম্ ।
বিহিতং যতিভির্বুদ্ধৈঃ কপিলাদিভিরীশ্বরৈঃ ॥ ৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.290.3 in Gujarati sript:
ભીષ્મ ઉવાચ ।
શૃણુ મે ત્વમિદં શુદ્ધં સાંખ્યાનાં વિદિતાત્મનામ્ ।
વિહિતં યતિભિર્બુદ્ધૈઃ કપિલાદિભિરીશ્વરૈઃ ॥ ૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.290.3 in Malayalam sript:
ഭീഷ്മ ഉവാച ।
ശൃണു മേ ത്വമിദം ശുദ്ധം സാംഖ്യാനാം വിദിതാത്മനാമ് ।
വിഹിതം യതിഭിര്ബുദ്ധൈഃ കപിലാദിഭിരീശ്വരൈഃ ॥ ൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.290.3 in Telugu sript:
భీష్మ ఉవాచ ।
శృణు మే త్వమిదం శుద్ధం సాంఖ్యానాం విదితాత్మనామ్ ।
విహితం యతిభిర్బుద్ధైః కపిలాదిభిరీశ్వరైః ॥ ౩ ॥

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