Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.290.1

युधिष्ठिर उवाच ।
सम्यक्त्वयायं नृपते वर्णितः शिष्टसंमतः ।
योगमार्गो यथान्यायं शिष्यायेह हितैषिणा ॥ १ ॥

yudhiṣṭhira uvāca |
samyaktvayāyaṃ nṛpate varṇitaḥ śiṣṭasaṃmataḥ |
yogamārgo yathānyāyaṃ śiṣyāyeha hitaiṣiṇā || 1 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...succeed in attaining to the highest end by means of this kind of knowledge. There is no knowledge that is equal to this. Do not yield to any kind of doubt. The knowledge which is described in the system of the...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.290.1). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yudhishthira, Samyaktva, Aya, Idam, Nripati, Varnita, Shishta, Mata, Yogamarga, Yathanyayam, Shishya, Iha, Hitaishin,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.290.1). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yudhiṣṭhira uvāca
  • yudhiṣṭhira* -
  • yudhiṣṭhira (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • uvāca -
  • vac (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • Line 2: “samyaktvayāyaṃ nṛpate varṇitaḥ śiṣṭasaṃmataḥ
  • samyaktva -
  • samyaktva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • -
  • (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ayam -
  • aya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    idam (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • nṛpate -
  • nṛpati (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • varṇitaḥ -
  • varṇita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    varṇ -> varṇita (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √varṇ class 10 verb]
  • śiṣṭa -
  • śiṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    śiṣṭa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    śās -> śiṣṭa (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √śās class 2 verb]
    śās -> śiṣṭa (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √śās class 2 verb]
    śiṣ -> śiṣṭa (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √śiṣ class 1 verb], [vocative single from √śiṣ class 7 verb]
    śiṣ -> śiṣṭa (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √śiṣ class 1 verb], [vocative single from √śiṣ class 7 verb]
    śās (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second plural]
  • saṃ -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • mataḥ -
  • mata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    man -> mata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √man class 4 verb], [nominative single from √man class 8 verb]
  • Line 3: “yogamārgo yathānyāyaṃ śiṣyāyeha hitaiṣiṇā
  • yogamārgo* -
  • yogamārga (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • yathānyāyam -
  • yathānyāyam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • śiṣyāye -
  • śiṣya (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    śiṣya (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
    śās -> śiṣya (participle, masculine)
    [dative single from √śās class 2 verb]
    śās -> śiṣya (participle, neuter)
    [dative single from √śās class 2 verb]
    śiṣ -> śiṣya (participle, masculine)
    [dative single from √śiṣ class 10 verb]
    śiṣ -> śiṣya (participle, neuter)
    [dative single from √śiṣ class 10 verb]
  • iha -
  • iha (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iha (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • hitaiṣiṇā -
  • hitaiṣin (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    hitaiṣin (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.290.1

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.290.1 in Kannada sript:
ಯುಧಿಷ್ಠಿರ ಉವಾಚ ।
ಸಮ್ಯಕ್ತ್ವಯಾಯಂ ನೃಪತೇ ವರ್ಣಿತಃ ಶಿಷ್ಟಸಂಮತಃ ।
ಯೋಗಮಾರ್ಗೋ ಯಥಾನ್ಯಾಯಂ ಶಿಷ್ಯಾಯೇಹ ಹಿತೈಷಿಣಾ ॥ ೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.290.1 in Bengali sript:
যুধিষ্ঠির উবাচ ।
সম্যক্ত্বযাযং নৃপতে বর্ণিতঃ শিষ্টসংমতঃ ।
যোগমার্গো যথান্যাযং শিষ্যাযেহ হিতৈষিণা ॥ ১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.290.1 in Gujarati sript:
યુધિષ્ઠિર ઉવાચ ।
સમ્યક્ત્વયાયં નૃપતે વર્ણિતઃ શિષ્ટસંમતઃ ।
યોગમાર્ગો યથાન્યાયં શિષ્યાયેહ હિતૈષિણા ॥ ૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.290.1 in Malayalam sript:
യുധിഷ്ഠിര ഉവാച ।
സമ്യക്ത്വയായം നൃപതേ വര്ണിതഃ ശിഷ്ടസംമതഃ ।
യോഗമാര്ഗോ യഥാന്യായം ശിഷ്യായേഹ ഹിതൈഷിണാ ॥ ൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.290.1 in Telugu sript:
యుధిష్ఠిర ఉవాచ ।
సమ్యక్త్వయాయం నృపతే వర్ణితః శిష్టసంమతః ।
యోగమార్గో యథాన్యాయం శిష్యాయేహ హితైషిణా ॥ ౧ ॥

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