Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.285.9

आयोगाः करणा व्रात्याश्चण्डालाश्च नराधिप ।
एते चतुर्भ्यो वर्णेभ्यो जायन्ते वै परस्परम् ॥ ९ ॥

āyogāḥ karaṇā vrātyāścaṇḍālāśca narādhipa |
ete caturbhyo varṇebhyo jāyante vai parasparam || 9 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...that fate. One who walks along the track recommended by the understanding earns happiness both here and hereafter. The Diverse are fraught with misery, while the Few are productive of happiness. Fruits represented...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.285.9). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Ayoga, Karana, Vratya, Candala, Naradhipa, Eta, Etad, Eti, Esha, Catus, Varna, Jayanta, Parasparam, Paraspara,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.285.9). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “āyogāḥ karaṇā vrātyāścaṇḍālāśca narādhipa
  • āyogāḥ -
  • āyoga (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • karaṇā* -
  • karaṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    karaṇā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • vrātyāś -
  • vrātya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    vrātyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • caṇḍālāś -
  • caṇḍāla (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    caṇḍālā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • narādhipa -
  • narādhipa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “ete caturbhyo varṇebhyo jāyante vai parasparam
  • ete -
  • eta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    eta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    etā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    etad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    eti (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    eṣā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    eṣa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
  • caturbhyo* -
  • catus (noun, neuter)
    [dative plural], [ablative plural]
  • varṇebhyo* -
  • varṇa (noun, masculine)
    [dative plural], [ablative plural]
    varṇa (noun, neuter)
    [dative plural], [ablative plural]
  • jāyante -
  • jāyanta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    jai (verb class 1)
    [present middle third plural]
    jan (verb class 4)
    [present middle third plural]
  • vai -
  • (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single], [imperative middle first single]
  • parasparam -
  • parasparam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    paraspara (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    paraspara (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    parasparā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.285.9

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.285.9 in Kannada sript:
ಆಯೋಗಾಃ ಕರಣಾ ವ್ರಾತ್ಯಾಶ್ಚಣ್ಡಾಲಾಶ್ಚ ನರಾಧಿಪ ।
ಏತೇ ಚತುರ್ಭ್ಯೋ ವರ್ಣೇಭ್ಯೋ ಜಾಯನ್ತೇ ವೈ ಪರಸ್ಪರಮ್ ॥ ೯ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.285.9 in Bengali sript:
আযোগাঃ করণা ব্রাত্যাশ্চণ্ডালাশ্চ নরাধিপ ।
এতে চতুর্ভ্যো বর্ণেভ্যো জাযন্তে বৈ পরস্পরম্ ॥ ৯ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.285.9 in Gujarati sript:
આયોગાઃ કરણા વ્રાત્યાશ્ચણ્ડાલાશ્ચ નરાધિપ ।
એતે ચતુર્ભ્યો વર્ણેભ્યો જાયન્તે વૈ પરસ્પરમ્ ॥ ૯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.285.9 in Malayalam sript:
ആയോഗാഃ കരണാ വ്രാത്യാശ്ചണ്ഡാലാശ്ച നരാധിപ ।
ഏതേ ചതുര്ഭ്യോ വര്ണേഭ്യോ ജായന്തേ വൈ പരസ്പരമ് ॥ ൯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.285.9 in Telugu sript:
ఆయోగాః కరణా వ్రాత్యాశ్చణ్డాలాశ్చ నరాధిప ।
ఏతే చతుర్భ్యో వర్ణేభ్యో జాయన్తే వై పరస్పరమ్ ॥ ౯ ॥

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