Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

janaka uvāca |
varṇo viśeṣavarṇānāṃ maharṣe kena jāyate |
etadicchāmyahaṃ śrotuṃ tadbrūhi vadatāṃ vara || 1 ||
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yadetajjāyate'patyaṃ sa evāyamiti śrutiḥ |
kathaṃ brāhmaṇato jāto viśeṣagrahaṇaṃ gataḥ || 2 ||
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parāśara uvāca |
evametanmahārāja yena jātaḥ sa eva saḥ |
tapasastvapakarṣeṇa jātigrahaṇatāṃ gataḥ || 3 ||
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sukṣetrācca subījācca puṇyo bhavati saṃbhavaḥ |
ato'nyatarato hīnādavaro nāma jāyate || 4 ||
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vaktrādbhujābhyāmūrubhyāṃ padbhyāṃ caivātha jajñire |
sṛjataḥ prajāpaterlokāniti dharmavido viduḥ || 5 ||
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mukhajā brāhmaṇāstāta bāhujāḥ kṣatrabandhavaḥ |
ūrujā dhanino rājanpādajāḥ paricārakāḥ || 6 ||
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caturṇāmeva varṇānāmāgamaḥ puruṣarṣabha |
ato'nye tvatiriktā ye te vai saṃkarajāḥ smṛtāḥ || 7 ||
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kṣatrajātirathāmbaṣṭhā ugrā vaidehakāstathā |
śvapākāḥ pulkasāḥ stenā niṣādāḥ sūtamāgadhāḥ || 8 ||
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āyogāḥ karaṇā vrātyāścaṇḍālāśca narādhipa |
ete caturbhyo varṇebhyo jāyante vai parasparam || 9 ||
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janaka uvāca |
brahmaṇaikena jātānāṃ nānātvaṃ gotrataḥ katham |
bahūnīha hi loke vai gotrāṇi munisattama || 10 ||
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yatra tatra kathaṃ jātāḥ svayoniṃ munayo gatāḥ |
śūdrayonau samutpannā viyonau ca tathāpare || 11 ||
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parāśara uvāca |
rājannaitadbhavedgrāhyamapakṛṣṭena janmanā |
mahātmanāṃ samutpattistapasā bhāvitātmanām || 12 ||
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utpādya putrānmunayo nṛpate yatra tatra ha |
svenaiva tapasā teṣāmṛṣitvaṃ vidadhuḥ punaḥ || 13 ||
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pitāmahaśca me pūrvamṛśyaśṛṅgaśca kāśyapaḥ |
vaṭastāṇḍyaḥ kṛpaścaiva kakṣīvānkamaṭhādayaḥ || 14 ||
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yavakrītaśca nṛpate droṇaśca vadatāṃ varaḥ |
āyurmataṅgo dattaśca drupado matsya eva ca || 15 ||
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ete svāṃ prakṛtiṃ prāptā vaideha tapaso''śrayāt |
pratiṣṭhitā vedavido dame tapasi caiva hi || 16 ||
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mūlagotrāṇi catvāri samutpannāni pārthiva |
aṅgirāḥ kaśyapaścaiva vasiṣṭho bhṛgureva ca || 17 ||
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karmato'nyāni gotrāṇi samutpannāni pārthiva |
nāmadheyāni tapasā tāni ca grahaṇaṃ satām || 18 ||
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janaka uvāca |
viśeṣadharmānvarṇānāṃ prabrūhi bhagavanmama |
tathā sāmānyadharmāṃśca sarvatra kuśalo hyasi || 19 ||
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parāśara uvāca |
pratigraho yājanaṃ ca tathaivādhyāpanaṃ nṛpa |
viśeṣadharmo viprāṇāṃ rakṣā kṣatrasya śobhanā || 20 ||
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kṛṣiśca pāśupālyaṃ ca vāṇijyaṃ ca viśāmapi |
dvijānāṃ paricaryā ca śūdrakarma narādhipa || 21 ||
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viśeṣadharmā nṛpate varṇānāṃ parikīrtitāḥ |
dharmānsādhāraṇāṃstāta vistareṇa śṛṇuṣva me || 22 ||
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ānṛśaṃsyamahiṃsā cāpramādaḥ saṃvibhāgitā |
śrāddhakarmātitheyaṃ ca satyamakrodha eva ca || 23 ||
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sveṣu dāreṣu saṃtoṣaḥ śaucaṃ nityānasūyatā |
ātmajñānaṃ titikṣā ca dharmāḥ sādhāraṇā nṛpa || 24 ||
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brāhmaṇāḥ kṣatriyā vaiśyāstrayo varṇā dvijātayaḥ |
atra teṣāmadhīkāro dharmeṣu dvipadāṃ vara || 25 ||
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vikarmāvasthitā varṇāḥ patanti nṛpate trayaḥ |
unnamanti yathāsantamāśrityeha svakarmasu || 26 ||
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na cāpi śūdraḥ patatīti niścayo na cāpi saṃskāramihārhatīti vā |
śrutipravṛttaṃ na ca dharmamāpnute na cāsya dharme pratiṣedhanaṃ kṛtam || 27 ||
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vaidehakaṃ śūdramudāharanti dvijā mahārāja śrutopapannāḥ |
ahaṃ hi paśyāmi narendra devaṃ viśvasya viṣṇuṃ jagataḥ pradhānam || 28 ||
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satāṃ vṛttamanuṣṭhāya nihīnā ujjihīrṣavaḥ |
mantravarjaṃ na duṣyanti kurvāṇāḥ pauṣṭikīḥ kriyāḥ || 29 ||
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yathā yathā hi sadvṛttamālambantītare janāḥ |
tathā tathā sukhaṃ prāpya pretya ceha ca śerate || 30 ||
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janaka uvāca |
kiṃ karma dūṣayatyenamatha jātirmahāmune |
saṃdeho me samutpannastanme vyākhyātumarhasi || 31 ||
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parāśara uvāca |
asaṃśayaṃ mahārāja ubhayaṃ doṣakārakam |
karma caiva hi jātiśca viśeṣaṃ tu niśāmaya || 32 ||
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jātyā ca karmaṇā caiva duṣṭaṃ karma niṣevate |
jātyā duṣṭaśca yaḥ pāpaṃ na karoti sa pūruṣaḥ || 33 ||
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jātyā pradhānaṃ puruṣaṃ kurvāṇaṃ karma dhikkṛtam |
karma taddūṣayatyenaṃ tasmātkarma naśobhanam || 34 ||
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janaka uvāca |
kāni karmāṇi dharmyāṇi loke'smindvijasattama |
na hiṃsantīha bhūtāni kriyamāṇāni sarvadā || 35 ||
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parāśara uvāca |
śṛṇu me'tra mahārāja yanmāṃ tvaṃ paripṛcchasi |
yāni karmāṇyahiṃsrāṇi naraṃ trāyanti sarvadā || 36 ||
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saṃnyasyāgnīnupāsīnāḥ paśyanti vigatajvarāḥ |
naiḥśreyasaṃ dharmapathaṃ samāruhya yathākramam || 37 ||
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praśritā vinayopetā damanityāḥ susaṃśitāḥ |
prayānti sthānamajaraṃ sarvakarmavivarjitāḥ || 38 ||
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sarve varṇā dharmakāryāṇi samyakkṛtvā rājansatyavākyāni coktvā |
tyaktvādharmaṃ dāruṇaṃ jīvaloke yānti svargaṃ nātra kāryo vicāraḥ || 39 ||
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Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Chapter 285

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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