Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.277.21

जीवन्तमपि चैवैनं भरणे रक्षणे तथा ।
असमाप्ते परित्यज्य पश्चादपि मरिष्यसि ॥ २१ ॥

jīvantamapi caivainaṃ bharaṇe rakṣaṇe tathā |
asamāpte parityajya paścādapi mariṣyasi || 21 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...an inferior colour). All sinful acts that are committed unconsciously or in ignorance are destroyed by penances. A sinful act, however, that is committed knowingly, produces much sorrow. Hence, one should never...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.277.21). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Jivanta, Jivat, Api, Aina, Bharana, Rakshana, Tatha, Asamapta, Asamapti, Parityajya, Pashcat, Pashca,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.277.21). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “jīvantamapi caivainaṃ bharaṇe rakṣaṇe tathā
  • jīvantam -
  • jīvanta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    jīvanta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    jīvantā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    jīvat (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    jīv -> jīvat (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √jīv class 1 verb]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • cai -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aivai -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • ainam -
  • aina (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • bharaṇe -
  • bharaṇa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    bharaṇa (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • rakṣaṇe -
  • rakṣaṇa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    rakṣaṇa (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    rakṣaṇā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • tathā -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “asamāpte parityajya paścādapi mariṣyasi
  • asamāpte -
  • asamāpta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    asamāpta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    asamāptā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    asamāpti (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
  • parityajya -
  • parityajya (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • paścād -
  • paścāt (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    paśca (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    paśca (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    api (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • mariṣyasi -
  • mṛ (verb class 1)
    [future active second single]
    mṛ (verb class 6)
    [future active second single]
    mṝ (verb class 9)
    [future active second single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.277.21

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.277.21 in Kannada sript:
ಜೀವನ್ತಮಪಿ ಚೈವೈನಂ ಭರಣೇ ರಕ್ಷಣೇ ತಥಾ ।
ಅಸಮಾಪ್ತೇ ಪರಿತ್ಯಜ್ಯ ಪಶ್ಚಾದಪಿ ಮರಿಷ್ಯಸಿ ॥ ೨೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.277.21 in Bengali sript:
জীবন্তমপি চৈবৈনং ভরণে রক্ষণে তথা ।
অসমাপ্তে পরিত্যজ্য পশ্চাদপি মরিষ্যসি ॥ ২১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.277.21 in Gujarati sript:
જીવન્તમપિ ચૈવૈનં ભરણે રક્ષણે તથા ।
અસમાપ્તે પરિત્યજ્ય પશ્ચાદપિ મરિષ્યસિ ॥ ૨૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.277.21 in Malayalam sript:
ജീവന്തമപി ചൈവൈനം ഭരണേ രക്ഷണേ തഥാ ।
അസമാപ്തേ പരിത്യജ്യ പശ്ചാദപി മരിഷ്യസി ॥ ൨൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.277.21 in Telugu sript:
జీవన్తమపి చైవైనం భరణే రక్షణే తథా ।
అసమాప్తే పరిత్యజ్య పశ్చాదపి మరిష్యసి ॥ ౨౧ ॥

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