Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.276.17

मार्दवं सर्वभूतेषु व्यवहारेषु चार्जवम् ।
वाक्चैव मधुरा प्रोक्ता श्रेय एतदसंशयम् ॥ १७ ॥

mārdavaṃ sarvabhūteṣu vyavahāreṣu cārjavam |
vākcaiva madhurā proktā śreya etadasaṃśayam || 17 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...lord of treasures of his liberty by means of Yoga, robbed him of all his wealth.{GL_NOTE:175647:} Seeing his wealth taken away from him, the lord of treasures became highly displeased. Filled with anxiety, and...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.276.17). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Mardava, Sarvabhuta, Vyavahara, Arjava, Vac, Madhura, Prokta, Shreyah, Shreyas, Shreya, Etad, Asamshayam, Asamshaya,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.276.17). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “mārdavaṃ sarvabhūteṣu vyavahāreṣu cārjavam
  • mārdavam -
  • mārdava (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    mārdava (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • sarvabhūteṣu -
  • sarvabhūta (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    sarvabhūta (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • vyavahāreṣu -
  • vyavahāra (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
  • -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ārjavam -
  • ārjava (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ārjava (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    ārjavā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line 2: “vākcaiva madhurā proktā śreya etadasaṃśayam
  • vāk -
  • vāc (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
  • cai -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • madhurā -
  • madhurā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • proktā -
  • proktā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • śreya* -
  • śreyaḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    śreyas (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    śreyas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    śrā -> śreya (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √śrā class 1 verb], [nominative single from √śrā class 2 verb], [nominative single from √śrā class 4 verb]
    śrai -> śreya (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √śrai class 1 verb], [nominative single from √śrai class 2 verb], [nominative single from √śrai class 4 verb]
    śri -> śreya (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √śri class 1 verb]
    śrī -> śreya (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √śrī class 9 verb]
  • etad -
  • etad (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    etad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    etad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • asaṃśayam -
  • asaṃśayam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    asaṃśaya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.276.17

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.276.17 in Kannada sript:
ಮಾರ್ದವಂ ಸರ್ವಭೂತೇಷು ವ್ಯವಹಾರೇಷು ಚಾರ್ಜವಮ್ ।
ವಾಕ್ಚೈವ ಮಧುರಾ ಪ್ರೋಕ್ತಾ ಶ್ರೇಯ ಏತದಸಂಶಯಮ್ ॥ ೧೭ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.276.17 in Bengali sript:
মার্দবং সর্বভূতেষু ব্যবহারেষু চার্জবম্ ।
বাক্চৈব মধুরা প্রোক্তা শ্রেয এতদসংশযম্ ॥ ১৭ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.276.17 in Gujarati sript:
માર્દવં સર્વભૂતેષુ વ્યવહારેષુ ચાર્જવમ્ ।
વાક્ચૈવ મધુરા પ્રોક્તા શ્રેય એતદસંશયમ્ ॥ ૧૭ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.276.17 in Malayalam sript:
മാര്ദവം സര്വഭൂതേഷു വ്യവഹാരേഷു ചാര്ജവമ് ।
വാക്ചൈവ മധുരാ പ്രോക്താ ശ്രേയ ഏതദസംശയമ് ॥ ൧൭ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.276.17 in Telugu sript:
మార్దవం సర్వభూతేషు వ్యవహారేషు చార్జవమ్ ।
వాక్చైవ మధురా ప్రోక్తా శ్రేయ ఏతదసంశయమ్ ॥ ౧౭ ॥

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