Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.270.17

कालसंचोदिता जीवा मज्जन्ति नरकेऽवशाः ।
परिदृष्टानि सर्वाणि दिव्यान्याहुर्मनीषिणः ॥ १७ ॥

kālasaṃcoditā jīvā majjanti narake'vaśāḥ |
paridṛṣṭāni sarvāṇi divyānyāhurmanīṣiṇaḥ || 17 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...that art fond of two Huns. Salutations to you that art exceedingly tranquil, and that hast the shade of mountain trees for your habitation.{GL_NOTE:175565:} You are fond of the heart-flesh of all creatures,...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.270.17). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Kala, Sancodita, Jiva, Majjat, Majjanti, Naraka, Avasha, Avashas, Paridrishta, Sarva, Sarvani, Divya, Manishin, Manishi,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.270.17). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “kālasaṃcoditā jīvā majjanti narake'vaśāḥ
  • kāla -
  • kāla (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kāla (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sañcoditā* -
  • sañcodita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    sañcoditā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • jīvā* -
  • jīva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    jīvā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • majjanti -
  • majj -> majjat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √majj class 6 verb], [vocative plural from √majj class 6 verb], [accusative plural from √majj class 6 verb]
    majj -> majjantī (participle, feminine)
    [vocative single from √majj class 6 verb]
    majj (verb class 6)
    [present active third plural]
  • narake' -
  • naraka (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    naraka (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • avaśāḥ -
  • avaśa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    avaśā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    avaśas (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “paridṛṣṭāni sarvāṇi divyānyāhurmanīṣiṇaḥ
  • paridṛṣṭāni -
  • paridṛṣṭa (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • sarvāṇi -
  • sarvāṇī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    sarva (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • divyānyā -
  • divya (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • āhur -
  • ah (verb class 5)
    [perfect active third plural]
  • manīṣiṇaḥ -
  • manīṣin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    manīṣin (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    manīṣī (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.270.17

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.270.17 in Kannada sript:
ಕಾಲಸಂಚೋದಿತಾ ಜೀವಾ ಮಜ್ಜನ್ತಿ ನರಕೇಽವಶಾಃ ।
ಪರಿದೃಷ್ಟಾನಿ ಸರ್ವಾಣಿ ದಿವ್ಯಾನ್ಯಾಹುರ್ಮನೀಷಿಣಃ ॥ ೧೭ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.270.17 in Bengali sript:
কালসংচোদিতা জীবা মজ্জন্তি নরকেঽবশাঃ ।
পরিদৃষ্টানি সর্বাণি দিব্যান্যাহুর্মনীষিণঃ ॥ ১৭ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.270.17 in Gujarati sript:
કાલસંચોદિતા જીવા મજ્જન્તિ નરકેઽવશાઃ ।
પરિદૃષ્ટાનિ સર્વાણિ દિવ્યાન્યાહુર્મનીષિણઃ ॥ ૧૭ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.270.17 in Malayalam sript:
കാലസംചോദിതാ ജീവാ മജ്ജന്തി നരകേഽവശാഃ ।
പരിദൃഷ്ടാനി സര്വാണി ദിവ്യാന്യാഹുര്മനീഷിണഃ ॥ ൧൭ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.270.17 in Telugu sript:
కాలసంచోదితా జీవా మజ్జన్తి నరకేఽవశాః ।
పరిదృష్టాని సర్వాణి దివ్యాన్యాహుర్మనీషిణః ॥ ౧౭ ॥

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