Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.255.40

एतानीदृशकान्धर्मानाचरन्निह जाजले ।
कारणैर्धर्ममन्विच्छन्न लोकानाप्नुते शुभान् ॥ ४० ॥

etānīdṛśakāndharmānācaranniha jājale |
kāraṇairdharmamanvicchanna lokānāpnute śubhān || 40 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text. any other object of acquisition). Listen to me as I discourse on it to you in detail. One should, by practising forgiveness, exterminate wrath, and by abandoning—all purposes, root out desire. By practising...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.255.40). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Eta, Etad, Idrishaka, Dharma, Aca, Han, Jajala, Jajali, Karana, Anu, Icchat, Loka, Shubha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.255.40). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “etānīdṛśakāndharmānācaranniha jājale
  • etānī -
  • eta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    etad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
  • īdṛśakān -
  • īdṛśaka (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • dharmān -
  • dharma (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • āca -
  • āca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ac (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active second plural], [perfect active third single]
  • ra -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    ra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • an -
  • ad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    ad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • ni -
  • ni (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    ni (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ni (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    (noun, masculine)
    (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
  • ha -
  • ha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    han (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • jājale -
  • jājala (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    jājali (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “kāraṇairdharmamanvicchanna lokānāpnute śubhān
  • kāraṇair -
  • kāraṇa (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • dharmam -
  • dharma (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dharman (noun, masculine)
    dharman (noun, neuter)
    dharmā (noun, feminine)
  • anvi -
  • anu (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    anu (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    anu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    anu (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    anu (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • icchann -
  • iṣ -> icchat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √iṣ class 6 verb], [vocative single from √iṣ class 6 verb]
  • a -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • lokān -
  • loka (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • āpnute -
  • śubhān -
  • śubha (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.255.40

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.255.40 in Kannada sript:
ಏತಾನೀದೃಶಕಾನ್ಧರ್ಮಾನಾಚರನ್ನಿಹ ಜಾಜಲೇ ।
ಕಾರಣೈರ್ಧರ್ಮಮನ್ವಿಚ್ಛನ್ನ ಲೋಕಾನಾಪ್ನುತೇ ಶುಭಾನ್ ॥ ೪೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.255.40 in Bengali sript:
এতানীদৃশকান্ধর্মানাচরন্নিহ জাজলে ।
কারণৈর্ধর্মমন্বিচ্ছন্ন লোকানাপ্নুতে শুভান্ ॥ ৪০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.255.40 in Gujarati sript:
એતાનીદૃશકાન્ધર્માનાચરન્નિહ જાજલે ।
કારણૈર્ધર્મમન્વિચ્છન્ન લોકાનાપ્નુતે શુભાન્ ॥ ૪૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.255.40 in Malayalam sript:
ഏതാനീദൃശകാന്ധര്മാനാചരന്നിഹ ജാജലേ ।
കാരണൈര്ധര്മമന്വിച്ഛന്ന ലോകാനാപ്നുതേ ശുഭാന് ॥ ൪൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.255.40 in Telugu sript:
ఏతానీదృశకాన్ధర్మానాచరన్నిహ జాజలే ।
కారణైర్ధర్మమన్విచ్ఛన్న లోకానాప్నుతే శుభాన్ ॥ ౪౦ ॥

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