Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.253.47

तुलाधार उवाच ।
आयानेवासि विदितो मम ब्रह्मन्न संशयः ।
ब्रवीमि यत्तु वचनं तच्छृणुष्व द्विजोत्तम ॥ ४७ ॥

tulādhāra uvāca |
āyānevāsi vidito mama brahmanna saṃśayaḥ |
bravīmi yattu vacanaṃ tacchṛṇuṣva dvijottama || 47 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...that Kundadhara in days of old had conferred upon one who was devoted to him. Once on a time a Brahmana destitute of wealth sought to acquire virtue, induced by the desire of fruit. He continually set his heart...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.253.47). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tuladhara, Ayana, Vasi, Vasin, Vidita, Asmad, Samshaya, Yat, Yad, Vacana, Tat, Tad, Dvijottama,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.253.47). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tulādhāra uvāca
  • tulādhāra* -
  • tulādhāra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • uvāca -
  • vac (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • Line 2: “āyānevāsi vidito mama brahmanna saṃśayaḥ
  • āyāne -
  • āyāna (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • vāsi -
  • vāsi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    vāsi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    vāsī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    vāsin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    vāsin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    (verb class 2)
    [present active second single]
    (verb class 1)
    [present active second single]
  • vidito* -
  • vidita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    vid -> vidita (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √vid class 2 verb]
  • mama -
  • asmad (pronoun, none)
    [genitive single]
    (verb class 2)
    [perfect active second plural]
    (verb class 3)
    [perfect active second plural]
    (verb class 4)
    [perfect active second plural]
    (verb class 1)
    [perfect active second plural]
  • Cannot analyse brahmanna*sa
  • saṃśayaḥ -
  • saṃśaya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 3: “bravīmi yattu vacanaṃ tacchṛṇuṣva dvijottama
  • bravīmi -
  • brū (verb class 2)
    [present active first single]
  • yat -
  • yat (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb], [accusative single from √i class 2 verb]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • vacanam -
  • vacana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vacana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vacanā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • tacch -
  • tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • śṛṇu -
  • śru (verb class 5)
    [imperative active second single]
  • ṣva -
  • dvijottama -
  • dvijottama (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.253.47

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.253.47 in Kannada sript:
ತುಲಾಧಾರ ಉವಾಚ ।
ಆಯಾನೇವಾಸಿ ವಿದಿತೋ ಮಮ ಬ್ರಹ್ಮನ್ನ ಸಂಶಯಃ ।
ಬ್ರವೀಮಿ ಯತ್ತು ವಚನಂ ತಚ್ಛೃಣುಷ್ವ ದ್ವಿಜೋತ್ತಮ ॥ ೪೭ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.253.47 in Bengali sript:
তুলাধার উবাচ ।
আযানেবাসি বিদিতো মম ব্রহ্মন্ন সংশযঃ ।
ব্রবীমি যত্তু বচনং তচ্ছৃণুষ্ব দ্বিজোত্তম ॥ ৪৭ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.253.47 in Gujarati sript:
તુલાધાર ઉવાચ ।
આયાનેવાસિ વિદિતો મમ બ્રહ્મન્ન સંશયઃ ।
બ્રવીમિ યત્તુ વચનં તચ્છૃણુષ્વ દ્વિજોત્તમ ॥ ૪૭ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.253.47 in Malayalam sript:
തുലാധാര ഉവാച ।
ആയാനേവാസി വിദിതോ മമ ബ്രഹ്മന്ന സംശയഃ ।
ബ്രവീമി യത്തു വചനം തച്ഛൃണുഷ്വ ദ്വിജോത്തമ ॥ ൪൭ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.253.47 in Telugu sript:
తులాధార ఉవాచ ।
ఆయానేవాసి విదితో మమ బ్రహ్మన్న సంశయః ।
బ్రవీమి యత్తు వచనం తచ్ఛృణుష్వ ద్విజోత్తమ ॥ ౪౭ ॥

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