Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.253.43

वाराणस्यां महाप्राज्ञस्तुलाधारः प्रतिष्ठितः ।
सोऽप्येवं नार्हते वक्तुं यथा त्वं भाषसे द्विज ॥ ४३ ॥

vārāṇasyāṃ mahāprājñastulādhāraḥ pratiṣṭhitaḥ |
so'pyevaṃ nārhate vaktuṃ yathā tvaṃ bhāṣase dvija || 43 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...sprung, and which is without deterioration of any kind.{GL_NOTE:175431:} Ability to subdue the senses, forgiveness, and abstention from work in consequence of the absence of desire,—these three are the cause...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.253.43). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Varanasi, Mahaprajna, Tuladhara, Pratishthita, Sah, Api, Apya, Evam, Eva, Nri, Arhat, Arhata, Yatha, Tva, Yushmad, Dvija,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.253.43). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “vārāṇasyāṃ mahāprājñastulādhāraḥ pratiṣṭhitaḥ
  • vārāṇasyām -
  • vārāṇasī (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
  • mahāprājñas -
  • mahāprājña (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tulādhāraḥ -
  • tulādhāra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • pratiṣṭhitaḥ -
  • pratiṣṭhita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “so'pyevaṃ nārhate vaktuṃ yathā tvaṃ bhāṣase dvija
  • so' -
  • saḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    so (noun, feminine)
    [compound]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • apye -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    apya (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    apyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • evam -
  • evam (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    evam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    evā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    nṛ (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • arhate -
  • arhat (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    arhat (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
    arhatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    arhata (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    arhata (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    arh (verb class 1)
    [present middle third single]
  • vaktum -
  • vac -> vaktum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √vac]
    vac -> vaktum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √vac]
  • yathā -
  • yathā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yathā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • tvam -
  • tva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    tva (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [nominative single]
  • bhāṣase -
  • bhāṣ (verb class 1)
    [present middle second single]
  • dvija -
  • dvija (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    dvija (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.253.43

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.253.43 in Kannada sript:
ವಾರಾಣಸ್ಯಾಂ ಮಹಾಪ್ರಾಜ್ಞಸ್ತುಲಾಧಾರಃ ಪ್ರತಿಷ್ಠಿತಃ ।
ಸೋಽಪ್ಯೇವಂ ನಾರ್ಹತೇ ವಕ್ತುಂ ಯಥಾ ತ್ವಂ ಭಾಷಸೇ ದ್ವಿಜ ॥ ೪೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.253.43 in Bengali sript:
বারাণস্যাং মহাপ্রাজ্ঞস্তুলাধারঃ প্রতিষ্ঠিতঃ ।
সোঽপ্যেবং নার্হতে বক্তুং যথা ত্বং ভাষসে দ্বিজ ॥ ৪৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.253.43 in Gujarati sript:
વારાણસ્યાં મહાપ્રાજ્ઞસ્તુલાધારઃ પ્રતિષ્ઠિતઃ ।
સોઽપ્યેવં નાર્હતે વક્તું યથા ત્વં ભાષસે દ્વિજ ॥ ૪૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.253.43 in Malayalam sript:
വാരാണസ്യാം മഹാപ്രാജ്ഞസ്തുലാധാരഃ പ്രതിഷ്ഠിതഃ ।
സോഽപ്യേവം നാര്ഹതേ വക്തും യഥാ ത്വം ഭാഷസേ ദ്വിജ ॥ ൪൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.253.43 in Telugu sript:
వారాణస్యాం మహాప్రాజ్ఞస్తులాధారః ప్రతిష్ఠితః ।
సోఽప్యేవం నార్హతే వక్తుం యథా త్వం భాషసే ద్విజ ॥ ౪౩ ॥

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