Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.253.25

बुद्ध्वा च स महातेजा न चचालैव जाजलिः ।
धर्मे धृतमना नित्यं नाधर्मं स त्वरोचयत् ॥ २५ ॥

buddhvā ca sa mahātejā na cacālaiva jājaliḥ |
dharme dhṛtamanā nityaṃ nādharmaṃ sa tvarocayat || 25 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...Renunciation sometimes exists mixed with the duties of other modes. But whether existing in that state or by itself, one practises it according to the measure of one’s strength (that depends upon the degree...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.253.25). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Buddhva, Mahateja, Mahatejas, Jajali, Dharma, Dhritam, Dhrit, Dhrita, Ana, Nityam, Nitya, Nri, Adharma, Tvara, Yat, Yad,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.253.25). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “buddhvā ca sa mahātejā na cacālaiva jājaliḥ
  • buddhvā -
  • budh -> buddhvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √budh]
    budh -> buddhvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √budh]
    buddhvā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • mahātejā* -
  • mahāteja (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    mahātejā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    mahātejas (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • cacālai -
  • cal (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • jājaliḥ -
  • jājali (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “dharme dhṛtamanā nityaṃ nādharmaṃ sa tvarocayat
  • dharme -
  • dharma (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    dharmā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • dhṛtam -
  • dhṛtam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    dhṛta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dhṛta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    dhṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    dhṛt (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • anā* -
  • ana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • nityam -
  • nityam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    nitya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    nitya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    nityā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    nṛ (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • adharmam -
  • adharma (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    adharmā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tvaro -
  • tvarā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ūca -
  • uc (verb class 4)
    [perfect active second plural]
    vac (verb class 2)
    [perfect active second plural]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [perfect active second plural]
  • yat -
  • yat (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb], [accusative single from √i class 2 verb]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.253.25

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.253.25 in Kannada sript:
ಬುದ್ಧ್ವಾ ಚ ಸ ಮಹಾತೇಜಾ ನ ಚಚಾಲೈವ ಜಾಜಲಿಃ ।
ಧರ್ಮೇ ಧೃತಮನಾ ನಿತ್ಯಂ ನಾಧರ್ಮಂ ಸ ತ್ವರೋಚಯತ್ ॥ ೨೫ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.253.25 in Bengali sript:
বুদ্ধ্বা চ স মহাতেজা ন চচালৈব জাজলিঃ ।
ধর্মে ধৃতমনা নিত্যং নাধর্মং স ত্বরোচযত্ ॥ ২৫ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.253.25 in Gujarati sript:
બુદ્ધ્વા ચ સ મહાતેજા ન ચચાલૈવ જાજલિઃ ।
ધર્મે ધૃતમના નિત્યં નાધર્મં સ ત્વરોચયત્ ॥ ૨૫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.253.25 in Malayalam sript:
ബുദ്ധ്വാ ച സ മഹാതേജാ ന ചചാലൈവ ജാജലിഃ ।
ധര്മേ ധൃതമനാ നിത്യം നാധര്മം സ ത്വരോചയത് ॥ ൨൫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.253.25 in Telugu sript:
బుద్ధ్వా చ స మహాతేజా న చచాలైవ జాజలిః ।
ధర్మే ధృతమనా నిత్యం నాధర్మం స త్వరోచయత్ ॥ ౨౫ ॥

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