Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.253.3

नियतो नियताहारश्चीराजिनजटाधरः ।
मलपङ्कधरो धीमान्बहून्वर्षगणान्मुनिः ॥ ३ ॥

niyato niyatāhāraścīrājinajaṭādharaḥ |
malapaṅkadharo dhīmānbahūnvarṣagaṇānmuniḥ || 3 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview. Many Brahmanas there were of this kind in days of old, devoted to the performance of sacrifices, of profound knowledge of the Vedas, possessed of purity and good conduct, and endued with fame. They always...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.253.3). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Niyata, Niyatahara, Cira, Ajina, Jatadhara, Malapanka, Dhara, Dhimat, Bahu, Varshagana, Muni,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.253.3). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “niyato niyatāhāraścīrājinajaṭādharaḥ
  • niyato* -
  • niyata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • niyatāhāraś -
  • niyatāhāra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • cīrā -
  • cīra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    cīra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    cīrā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ajina -
  • ajina (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ajina (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • jaṭādharaḥ -
  • jaṭādhara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “malapaṅkadharo dhīmānbahūnvarṣagaṇānmuniḥ
  • malapaṅka -
  • malapaṅka (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • dharo* -
  • dhara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • dhīmān -
  • dhīmat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • bahūn -
  • bahu (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • varṣagaṇān -
  • varṣagaṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative plural], [ablative single]
  • muniḥ -
  • muni (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.253.3

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.253.3 in Kannada sript:
ನಿಯತೋ ನಿಯತಾಹಾರಶ್ಚೀರಾಜಿನಜಟಾಧರಃ ।
ಮಲಪಙ್ಕಧರೋ ಧೀಮಾನ್ಬಹೂನ್ವರ್ಷಗಣಾನ್ಮುನಿಃ ॥ ೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.253.3 in Bengali sript:
নিযতো নিযতাহারশ্চীরাজিনজটাধরঃ ।
মলপঙ্কধরো ধীমান্বহূন্বর্ষগণান্মুনিঃ ॥ ৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.253.3 in Gujarati sript:
નિયતો નિયતાહારશ્ચીરાજિનજટાધરઃ ।
મલપઙ્કધરો ધીમાન્બહૂન્વર્ષગણાન્મુનિઃ ॥ ૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.253.3 in Malayalam sript:
നിയതോ നിയതാഹാരശ്ചീരാജിനജടാധരഃ ।
മലപങ്കധരോ ധീമാന്ബഹൂന്വര്ഷഗണാന്മുനിഃ ॥ ൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 12.253.3 in Telugu sript:
నియతో నియతాహారశ్చీరాజినజటాధరః ।
మలపఙ్కధరో ధీమాన్బహూన్వర్షగణాన్మునిః ॥ ౩ ॥

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