Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.239.25

तथा मोहः प्रमादश्च तन्द्री निद्राप्रबोधिता ।
कथंचिदभिवर्तन्ते विज्ञेयास्तामसा गुणाः ॥ २५ ॥

tathā mohaḥ pramādaśca tandrī nidrāprabodhitā |
kathaṃcidabhivartante vijñeyāstāmasā guṇāḥ || 25 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...acquire merit and act in such a way that one’s body may not languish and suffer pain, and that death may not come.'"{GL_NOTE:175357:} "Yudhishthira said, 'You, O grandsire, art our highest preceptor in the...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.239.25). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tatha, Moha, Pramada, Tandri, Tandrin, Nidra, Prabodhita, Katham, Katha, Cit, Abhi, Vijneya, Tamasa, Guna,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.239.25). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tathā mohaḥ pramādaśca tandrī nidrāprabodhitā
  • tathā* -
  • tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    tatha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • mohaḥ -
  • moha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • pramādaś -
  • pramāda (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tandrī -
  • tandrī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    tandri (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tandrin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • nidrā -
  • nidrā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • prabodhitā -
  • prabodhitā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “kathaṃcidabhivartante vijñeyāstāmasā guṇāḥ
  • kathañ -
  • katham (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    katham (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    katha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    katha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • cid -
  • cit (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    cit (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    cit (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • abhi -
  • abhi (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    abhi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    abhi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    abhi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    abhī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    abhī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    abhī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    abhi (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • vartante -
  • vṛt (verb class 1)
    [present middle third plural]
  • vijñeyās -
  • vijñeya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    vijñeyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • tāmasā* -
  • tāmasa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • guṇāḥ -
  • guṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    guṇā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.239.25

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.239.25 in Kannada sript:
ತಥಾ ಮೋಹಃ ಪ್ರಮಾದಶ್ಚ ತನ್ದ್ರೀ ನಿದ್ರಾಪ್ರಬೋಧಿತಾ ।
ಕಥಂಚಿದಭಿವರ್ತನ್ತೇ ವಿಜ್ಞೇಯಾಸ್ತಾಮಸಾ ಗುಣಾಃ ॥ ೨೫ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.239.25 in Bengali sript:
তথা মোহঃ প্রমাদশ্চ তন্দ্রী নিদ্রাপ্রবোধিতা ।
কথংচিদভিবর্তন্তে বিজ্ঞেযাস্তামসা গুণাঃ ॥ ২৫ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.239.25 in Gujarati sript:
તથા મોહઃ પ્રમાદશ્ચ તન્દ્રી નિદ્રાપ્રબોધિતા ।
કથંચિદભિવર્તન્તે વિજ્ઞેયાસ્તામસા ગુણાઃ ॥ ૨૫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.239.25 in Malayalam sript:
തഥാ മോഹഃ പ്രമാദശ്ച തന്ദ്രീ നിദ്രാപ്രബോധിതാ ।
കഥംചിദഭിവര്തന്തേ വിജ്ഞേയാസ്താമസാ ഗുണാഃ ॥ ൨൫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.239.25 in Telugu sript:
తథా మోహః ప్రమాదశ్చ తన్ద్రీ నిద్రాప్రబోధితా ।
కథంచిదభివర్తన్తే విజ్ఞేయాస్తామసా గుణాః ॥ ౨౫ ॥

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